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risk-benefit analysis

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses some of the ways that the lessons learned from failures have benefitted society, leading to improved product designs, better materials, safer industrial processes, and more robust codes and standards. It also provides several examples of how the technology...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... pad showing bond pad surface at different depths and giving 3D impression of the fluoride rich layer. By doing this sort of analysis we can determine risk for delamination depending on fluoride layer thickness, hypothesize on the potential root cause, and prevent re-occurrence. Additionally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... including salary, benefits, materials, etc. Further, this need for training will continue (albeit at less intensive levels) for the duration of the analyst’s career. The electronics industry especially the IC industry, is moving at a rapid rate — so much so that each year much or what we know and the tools...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... can be repackaged into another new package for electrical testing and further failure analysis work. The risk of using this method is that the bond pads of the failing Si die could be etched so significantly that re-wire bonding of the failing device into a new package becomes impossible...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of toughness may accelerate several mechanisms of tool damage, such as heat checking, gross cracking, and wear by chipping, in addition to the risk of catastrophic cracking. The relationship between hardness, toughness, and tempering temperature can be quantitatively evaluated in Fig. 28 for AISI H13...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... as FastAdvice (Electronics Quality and Reliability Center, Sandia National Laboratory). Another AI concept in failure analysis experts is that of case-based reasoning ( Ref 33 ). Potential benefits of expert systems for failure analysis may include: Capture failure analysis expertise: Failure analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract A systematic procedure for minimizing risks involved in heat treated steel components requires a combination of metallurgical failure analysis and fitness for service with respect to safety and reliability based on risk analysis. This chapter begins with an overview of heat treat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... during processing in order to exclude any defect. The product liability demands from all plants and manufacturers involved with a product, even if only for a short time, the organizational procedures in the areas of quality control, product documentation, and risk management, from planning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... predicted—i.e., knowing where to look. Degradation is not restricted to surface. Exterior access exists. Interior of vessel is not readily accessible (e.g., tube bundles). Cost of shutdown is high. Significant health/safety/environmental risk is associated with vessel entry. Benefits...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... delayering after backside analysis. If a device shows a concave or convex warpage at room temperature, it is important to measure the surface curvature both at ambient and at a higher temperature such as 70 °C to determine the change in warpage as a function of stress and to be aware of a crack risk...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... systems is an excellent example of the rule of using the simplest and lowest alloy content grade that can do the job. Because automotive and steel-producing engineers have collaborated so well, both parties have benefited greatly, as have consumers, and the auto manufacturers have become the largest users...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... engineers. Engineers in the workplace environment have more pressure today. Companies continually demand more risk acceptance by first-level engineers and, in many cases, jobs may be on the line. Companies are looking for ways to get things done quickly and they need technical signatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
.... In sourcing decisions, they conduct a cost–benefit analysis before a final selection of the material. Most of the gasoline engines have aluminum cylinder heads. Automotive wheels rank high, based on styling opportunities. A high percentage of engines have aluminum blocks. Customers are willing to pay...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... the face wall. Proper solidification analysis offers benefits, such as: Guides improved casting design configurations and selection of optimum machine stocks Supports improved tooling design of molds, including wall thicknesses, cooling channels, and chill locations Helps engineer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... conditions, to capture the true benefits of this technology for component life extension. The repair risks must be evaluated with specific regard to the service-exposed component and not the new-make original material. Figure 11.20(a) compares the probability of failure between a new, pristine component...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... with their high thermal expansion coefficients, makes them especially susceptible to thermal fatigue. However, the risks of these limitations can be avoidable by taking proper precautions. The fundamental criterion in the selection of a stainless steel is generally that it can survive with virtually...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... (A) to well modified (F). See Fig. 4.6 for the effectiveness of various modifiers The addition of metallic sodium to molten aluminum creates turbulence that can result in increased hydrogen and entrained oxide levels. The use of hygroscopic salts including NaCl and NaF for modification also risks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... [19 , 62] . 3D visualization minimizes misinterpretation of 3D morphology, an inherent risk to planar cross-section imaging. Example use cases where 3D FIB-SEM tomography has been found essential are mapping neural networks [60] , intricate porous structures [48 , 61] and various structural...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... rarely, especially with modern atmosphere monitoring systems and when furnaces can be nitrogen purged at the first signs of trouble. Even improvements in health and safety monitoring mean safer handling of parts, so there is less risk of accidents occurring during transfer of parts from furnace to quench...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... latch up during 1064nm scanning can be done prior to performing LADA on a failing device to reduce the risk of damaging a failing device. Figure 27 Cross-sectional view of the CMOS inverter with OBIC sources shown as dependent current sources. This model captures how Nwell to Pwell currents lower...