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risk assessment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
..., which may contain valuable clues to the causes of the failure. Tearing the failed system apart immediately after a failure without knowing what to search for (i.e., what may have caused the failure) risks destroying valuable evidence. However, many organizations disassemble failed systems and look for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... analysis involves the use of risk analysis techniques based on the assessment of the likelihood of failure and its potential consequences. Among the most widely used tools in the analysis of design is failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), which is accepted by the Occupational Safety and Health...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... incumbent on the investigator to use test methods and to provide an interpretation of the test results that will enable the materials users to make a proper assessment of the risk of SCC in a given application. Constant-strain (fixed-displacement) tests are widely used, primarily because a variety of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... provides a summary of the studies that have been conducted along with the findings. It discusses the effects of acute and chronic exposure, toxicity levels, potential sources and risks, treatment, and protective and preventive measures. beryllium alloys beryllium chronic beryllium diseases...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... should be something that can be tied to the success of the device being tested. The failure analysis team can instrument several output responses and perform an ANOVA on each to mitigate risk in this area. After the failure analysis team has identified the factors, selected the appropriate orthogonal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... operations are conducted and describes the effect of tooling materials, cutting speeds, metal-removal rates, and other variables. It also explains how to assess and remove surface damage caused by machining such as microcracks and twins. beryllium machining surface damage Beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... the configuration provide for efficient use of all the required material? Mechanical failure : When dimensions are imposed, can the risks of failure from mechanical causes, such as fatigue, excessive stress, buckling, and so forth, be made suitably low? Analyzability : Does the configuration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... being made on the basis of an assessment of risk. It is now even more important that all data are documented so that the basis for decisions can be justified and the true plant condition can be accurately assessed and realistic assessments of future service life made. With the development of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... and effects analysis. This is a disciplined analytical technique that assesses and assures, to the extent possible, that potential failure modes and their associated causes/mechanisms have been addressed. Through use of the systems, the degree of risk can be determined, along with plans of recommended...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... future development activities minimizes the risk of future failures. The organization can similarly prepare process guidelines based on previous failure analyses. This may have even greater application than design guidelines, because processes cut across product lines. Failure analysis findings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... temperature, putting at risk structures that operate below room temperature. This occurs in tanks such as molasses tanks, pressure vessels, ships such as the Liberty warships, and high-strength alloy steel structures. Metallic structures oxidize when subjected to elevated temperatures. For example, carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... conditions (52%), lack of process control (35%), and an unawareness that there was actually a corrosion risk (25%). In an ideal world, designers would call for some corrosion assessment prior to preparing the detailed engineering design. Typically, schemes would permit some form of evaluation with...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
...-made repair-application-based qualification tests, with realistic test conditions, to capture the true benefits of this technology for component life extension. The repair risks must be evaluated with specific regard to the service-exposed component and not the new-make original material. Figure 11.20...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... them accordingly. This approach minimizes (but does not eliminate) the risk of human error. This is a less desirable approach, because it relies on inspectors to find and cull out defective product. In some cases, as explained at the beginning of this chapter, such an approach may be necessary on...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Steel Tanks for Oil Storage.” API 653 (1990) for “Tank Inspection and Repair” was introduced to include maintenance, inspection, repair, alteration, and relocation and also to provide procedures to assess risk of brittle fracture ( Ref 3 ). A pipeline for gasoline, in Minnesota, constructed in 1957...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... massive costs of corrosion provide many opportunities to users, manufacturers, and suppliers. Opportunities exist to reduce corrosion costs and the risks of failure, and to develop new, expanded markets. Examples of these opportunities and the means to implement a program to capitalize on the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... combinations can be very difficult to detect and screen. For example, an IC that is normally on the fast edge of the distribution could have a delay defect that puts it now at the slow, but acceptable range and the part passes. Defective parts that pass function are an increased reliability risk [22] . Test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... expertise, to optimize key techniques, or optimize tool performance. They may become well-known experts in their specific field and perform their specific task in a very efficient manner. The main disadvantages to specialization include the risk of boredom or “burnout”, the potential that the job may have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... mode and implement detection. Many people in NXP have provided help in root cause investigation and the risk is too high to forget anybody. Therefore, the authors would like to express their appreciation to the Erik van Olst, Pradeep Sharma, Amar Mavinkurve, Cornelis Vreeburg, Jos Philipsen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... factory or at the supplier with a “redlined” engineering drawing or specification. Redlining refers to an engineer using a red pencil to note design changes on the drawings in the shop. In effect, the engineer directs the shop to proceed at risk with a design change, with the intent being that the...