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residual tensile stress

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... by heat treatments. It also provides information on residual stress evaluation and prediction techniques. distortion heat treatment residual tensile stress CHAPTER 19, “Low Toughness and Embrittlement Phenomena in Steels,” in this book describes causes of low toughness and embrittlement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...-strength steels and alloys—yield strength greater than 550 MPa (80 ksi)—and with high-hardness (>22 HRC) structures in weld HAZs. Non-PWHT weldments are particularly problematic, because they often contain both high HAZ hardness and high residual tensile stresses that can initiate SSC and promote crack...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... as high a strength steel as possible to maximize fatigue life because, as the tensile strength increases, the fracture toughness decreases and the environmental sensitivity increases. The endurance limit of high-strength steels is extremely sensitive to surface condition, residual-stress state...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... to fatigue, stress corrosion, and fretting. However, one should be aware that there must be balancing tensile residual stresses within the part. In certain circumstances, these internal tensile residual stresses can be a problem. There are several fundamental facts that must be understood about residual...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., yield criteria, and residual stresses of metals. mechanical behavior strength hardness stiffness ductility tension compression shear tensile yield strength ultimate tensile strength resilience toughness stress concentration residual stress MANY MATERIALS, both during initial...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
.... The chapter also covers compression, shear, and torsion testing, the prediction of yielding, residual stress, and hardness. compression hardness notched tensile test shear stress-strain curve tension MANY MATERIALS, both during initial fabrication and later when placed in service...
Image
Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 8 Residual stress systems illustrated by spring analogy, (a) compressive stresses outside, tensile stress inside; (c) tensile stresses outside, compressive stress inside; (b) and (d) diagrams of corresponding residual stress systems. T, tension. C, compression. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... in.) is shown in Fig. 15.4 . Axial stresses are responsible for the initiation of intergranular SCC of circumferential orientation. As shown in Fig. 15.4 , very high tensile surface residual stresses exist in the sensitized HAZ. Clearly, these residual stresses are a major contributor to the overall tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., residual stresses can be either beneficial or detrimental, depending on whether the stresses are compressive or tensile. Compressive Residual Stress Because residual stresses are additive to any applied stresses, residual compressive stresses in the surface layers are generally helpful; they can...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... residual stress steel tensile test PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT properties of metals that account for their widespread use are their mechanical properties. These properties include a combination of very high strength with the ability to bend rather than break. Various tests have been developed...
Image
Published: 01 July 1997
Fig. 22 Schematic distributions of stresses in a butt weld when uniform tensile loads are applied and the residual stresses that result after the loads are released. Curve 0, residual stresses in the as-welded condition; curve 1, stress distribution at σ = σ 1 ; curve 2, stress distribtuion More
Image
Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 49 Residual stress from surface milling 4340 steel quenched and tempered to 52 HRC. Note that while increased tool wear produced higher compressive residual stresses below the surface, it also increased the tensile residual stresses at the surface. Source: Adapted from Ref 27 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 5.14 Residual compressive stress on the surface will subtract from any applied tensile stress and reduce the net tensile stress experienced in the piece More
Image
Published: 30 November 2013
forces (below the ball) are compressive at this stage. (b) After the ball is removed, elastic recovery (or springback) causes a stress reversal: surface residual stresses in the cavity are now compressive, and radial reaction forces are tensile. (c) Creation of numerous small indentations in surface More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... though the correct hardness depth is obtained in the root region, it still is difficult to obtain high bending strength with induction-hardened gears made of any alloy steel. Therefore, a proper material selection is critical. Another drawback of induction hardening is residual tensile stress...
Image
Published: 01 August 2005
reaction forces (below the ball) are compressive at this stage. (b) After the ball is removed, elastic recovery (or springback) causes a stress reversal; surface residual stresses in the cavity are now compressive, and radial reaction forces are tensile. (c) Creation of numerous small indentations More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... of residual tensile stresses, with no applied load, or with any combination of applied and residual stresses. See Fig. 1 in Chapter 4, “Residual Stresses,” in this book. Fig. 1 New T-2 tanker, the S.S. Schenectady , which fractured in 1941 at its outfitting dock. This ship was one of 19 during World...
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Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 4-27 Schematic illustration of the change in length of a plate which has residual compressive stresses in the center and tensile stresses in the outside, when the righthand side is removed. (From J.J. Lynch, p 42 in Residual Stress Measurements , American Society for Metals, Metals Park More
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Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 4-26 Schematic illustration of the change in length of the center of a cylinder which has residual compressive stresses in the center and tensile stresses in the surface, when the surface layer is removed. (From J.J. Lynch, p 42 in Residual Stress Measurements , American Society More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... because, as the tensile strength increases, the fracture toughness decreases and environmental sensitivity increases. In addition, the endurance limit of high-strength steels is extremely sensitive to surface condition, residual stress state, and the presence of inclusions that act as stress...