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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... Abstract This chapter familiarizes readers with tempering and refrigeration treatments and their effect on case-carburized parts. It explains how tempering makes such parts easier to machine, more structurally and dimensionally stable, and more durable in certain applications. It identifies key...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... the O-ring groove and on the mating surfaces. Bond joints can be formed from epoxies, adhesives, or other sealants (such as room-temperature vulcanizing sealant). Potential epoxy-, adhesive-, and other sealant-leak causes include: Epoxies can be delivered in either a premixed, refrigerated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... refrigeration if the adverse effects of the process can be tolerated. Effect on properties: Retained austenite reduces hardness, abrasive wear resistance, and bending-fatigue strength, but it is thought to benefit contact fatigue. Conflicting data exist regarding adhesive wear. In all cases, the austenite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... tested using the same surface preparation, adhesive, and bond cycle as the actual structure. Adhesive materials are perishable. They must be stored according to the manufacturer’s recommended procedures (often refrigerated). Once mixed or removed from the freezer, they must be assembled and cured...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... by applying controlled amounts of cold rolling, stretching, or combinations of these operations. Since the 7 xxx alloys do not respond favorably to cold working before aging, the T8 temper is not used for this series of alloys. Natural aging can often be suppressed by refrigeration for several...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., retained austenite is generally not a problem in these alloys, and as a result, refrigeration treatments are not needed prior to aging. The martensite is normally a low-carbon, body-centered cubic (bcc) lath martensite containing a high dislocation density but no twinning. This martensite is relatively...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... transmission housings Gravity permanent mold casting, low pressure permanent mold casting 356 T6, A 356 T6 Oil pans Gravity permanent mold casting 319 T5, 356 T6 Appliances Washer and dryer components Die casting 380 F, 383 F Refrigerator shelves and fittings Die casting 443 F...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... high nickel content (more than about 6.5%) will so stabilize the austenite that little martensite, if any, can be formed in castings of any size. Appreciable amounts of retained austenite in Ni-Hard cast irons can be transformed to martensite by refrigerating the castings at –55 to –75 °C (–70 to –100...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... in number of vehicles produced globally and the expected growth of electric vehicles. Household appliances, refrigeration, and air-conditioning have experienced a spurt in demand, influenced by a global increase in standard of living and affluence. Railroads and highway transportation are seeing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
..., to determine the influence of retained austenite on bending-fatigue strength, a large batch of test pieces are prepared. Half are left as carburized and hardened with a high retained austenite content at the surface; the other half is refrigerated to transform much of the surface retained austenite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... not have been properly mixed, or it may be an incorrect epoxy for the application. If epoxy was used, it may have exceeded its pot life (its useful application time after it was mixed or removed from the refrigerator [3] ). If epoxy was used as the bonding agent, voids or bubbles in the epoxy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... require high cleanability or contact food, are also often made of stainless. This is especially true of dispensing machines, such as for beverages, ice cream, and ice. Stainless interiors are often found in refrigerators and dishwashers. In the case of dishwashers, forming requirements are often severe...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... visitors per year. Source: STL_Skyline_2007_edit.jpg , Buphoff derivative work. Home uses started with kitchen sinks in the late 1930s. Later, stainless steel expanded to the exteriors of refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, and other appliances ( FIG. 7.12 ). Stainless steels have largely...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... higher stresses. Molasses candy is a good example of these effects. If one tries to break it by bending, it just deforms. However, if it is refrigerated, notched, and rapped sharply, it is likely to break before it deforms. These effects are illustrated in Fig. 3.11 . Fig. 3.11 Increased rates of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... sewage fittings, dairy and food handling, marine fittings, refrigerator parts, and marine parts … X … X (Elongation) … … … … XX … A 514 B 514 F F Automotive diesel pistons … … … … X … X … … X 332/333 T5,T6 T7 Table 5.10 lists typical die castings, their functional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... combustion engines, steam and gas turbines, etc. ASME standards are also used in the design of power-using machinery such as refrigeration units and air-conditioning equipment. ASME publishes the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code , which contains the determinations of “code cases” presented to an ASME...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... cartridge cases were stored. Storing them elsewhere mitigated the problem. Another example where elimination of a cracking environment helped to mitigate SCC involves copper refrigeration tubing. Occasional SCC failures occurred in insulated copper tubing used in commercial refrigeration systems. The root...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... Structural adhesives for aerospace applications are generally supplied as thin films supported on a release paper and stored under refrigerated conditions, such as, 0 °F (20 °C). Film adhesives are preferred to liquids and pastes because of their uniformity and reduced void content. In addition, since film...