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refractory

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract The refractory metals include niobium, tantalum, molybdenum, tungsten, and rhenium. These metals are considered refractory because of their high melting points, high-temperature mechanical stability, and resistance to softening at elevated temperatures. This article discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the role of alloying in the production and use of common refractory metals, including molybdenum, tungsten, niobium, tantalum, and rhenium. It provides an overview of each metal and its alloys, describing the compositions, properties, and processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... Abstract This article discusses the weldability and fusion weld properties of refractory metal alloys. The alloys discussed include tantalum, niobium, rhenium, molybdenum, and tungsten. molybdenum niobium rhenium tantalum tungsten weldability THE REFRACTORY METALS, which include...
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Published: 30 November 2023
Fig. 6.42 Tundish ladle refractory and freeboard details. Reprinted with permission from Ref 17 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 31.1 Temperature versus tensile strength for refractory metals. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 31.2 Temperature versus elastic modulus for refractory metals. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 31.3 Ductile-to-brittle transition for recrystallized refractory metals. Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 31.9 Stress rupture at 2200 °C (4000 °F) for several refractory metals More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 7.39 Thermogravimetric data for refractory metals, such as, Mo, TZM, Nb, Ta, and V in comparison with conventional alloys in a sulfidizing environment with high sulfur and low oxygen potentials tested at 871 °C (1600 °F). Source: Ref 72 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 3.3 Vapor pressures of several refractory metal oxides exhibiting high vapor pressures at temperatures above 1000 °C (1830 °F). Source: Ref 4 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the types of melting furnaces and refractories for steel casting. It then presents information about arc furnace melting and induction melting cycles. The chapter also describes methods for the removal of phosphorous, the removal of sulfur...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... to minimize friction and die wear when extruding steel, aluminum, copper, and refractory metals. bambooing container friction die wash direct extrusion extrusion lubricants extrusion pressure fir-tree effect forward extrusion glass lubrication hot extrusion hydrostatic extrusion indirect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-resistance alloys, superalloys, refractory metals, low-melting-point metals, reactive metals, precious metals, rare earth metals, and metalloids or semimetals. It also provides a brief summary on special-purpose materials, including uranium, vanadium, magnetic alloys, and thermocouple materials. light...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix provides a list of etch compositions and procedures that reveal the macrostructure of aluminum, beryllium, bismuth, antimony, cobalt, copper, lead, magnesium, nickel, tin, titanium, zinc, and their respective alloys as well as iron, steel, noble metals, refractory metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the typical compositional ranges of superalloys, the role of major base metals (iron, cobalt, and nickel), and the effects of common alloying additions. It describes how chromium, aluminum, and titanium as well as refractory elements, grain-boundary elements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... steel castings vacuum molding Introduction In the manufacture of castings the mold determines the shape and dimensions of the product. The mold is made from refractory material which can resist the abrasive and chemical attack of liquid metal. The mold cavity must retain its shape until...
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 10.1 Typical speeds for face milling of selected superalloys versus some steels, titanium, and refractory metal alloys More
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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 4 Schematic cross section of a typical electric arc furnace showing the application of different refractories. Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 10.96 Waterwall in the transition region that suffers severe erosion wear immediately above the tapered refractory surface. Source: Ref 95 More
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Published: 01 June 1988
Fig. 8.60 Photograph of a billet-heating induction coil that has been mounted in a cast refractory for purposes of bracing Source: American Induction Heating Corp. More