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refinery equipment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... vessels, and refinery equipment. oil country tubular goods line pipe offshore platforms liquefied natural gas vessels refinery equipment stainless steel corrosion prevention Summary THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY has had to deal with increasingly hostile environments in its search for new...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and refinery equipment. Finally, extensive discussion on the materials problems in coal-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers, waste-to-energy boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers is included. In summary, the subjects covered extensively in this book include: Oxidation Nitridation Carburization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 17.3 Hydrogen Attack in Petroleum Refining In petroleum refining, some refinery equipment, such as reactors in hydrotreating, reforming, and hydrocracking units, is exposed to a high-temperature, high-pressure hydrogen atmosphere. Hydrogen attack is potentially a very serious materials issue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... corrosion inhibitors crude oil refineries corrosion monitoring CORROSION has a major economic impact on the oil refining industry. The replacement cost of damaged equipment is a substantial capital expense. Unplanned outages reduce throughput, lowering revenue and profit. More importantly, due...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Lobley G.R. , Stress Corrosion Cracking: Case Studies in Refinery Equipment , 6th Saudi Engineering Conference , Vol 5 , Dec 2002 ( Dhahran ), p 17 – 26 6.38 Wagner C. , Defending Boiler Components Against Corrosive and Erosive Attack , The Fabricator , Sept 2013 , https...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... to 5.2 50 to 750 Hydrogen treating 205 to 427 400 to 800 0.1 to 10 15 to 1500 ASTM specifications for steels commonly used in refinery and petrochemical equipment<xref ref-type="table-fn" rid="t60490001-t2-tn1">(a)</xref> (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490001-ref10">Ref 10</xref>) Table...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... crude oils and gases that contain H 2 S are handled by most refineries. Hydrogen sulfide is also present in some feed-stocks handled by petrochemical plants. Fabricability Considerations With very few exceptions, process equipment and piping are fabricated by welding wrought steels. The shells...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) in continuous service. Scaling becomes excessive above approximately 760 °C (1400 °F) in intermittent service. Turbine blades and highly stressed sections in gas turbines, furnace parts, and burners operating below 650 °C (1200 °F), valve parts, cutlery, fasteners, hardware, oil refinery equipment, mining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Industrial case studies demonstrating the necessity for testing each galvanic couple in the environment for which it is intended are presented. The chapter also discusses various factors associated with stress-corrosion cracking in oil refineries. carbon steel weldments heat affected zone corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... alloy or a cast alloy will be more suitable metallurgically and/or economically for the intended high-temperature application. Engineers may also consider a totally different approach to address the high-temperature corrosion issue for some existing plant equipment that has suffered corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... hydrogen damage in petroleum refinery equipment (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490329-ref55">Ref 55</xref>) Table 7.5. Japanese experience with high-temperature hydrogen damage in petroleum refinery equipment ( Ref 55 ) Equipment Material Operating temperature, °C Hydrogen partial pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Abstract Steel castings are produced in thousands of designs for different applications. They fill needs in many industries, including transportation, construction machinery, earthmoving equipment, rolling mills, mining, oil and gas exploration, and power generation. This chapter touches upon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... higher temperatures and thus can suffer more serious corrosion problems. Many furnaces in refinery and petrochemical plants often use residual fuel oils for heating high-temperature processing equipment. The uncooled components in these furnaces can suffer severe oil-ash corrosion attacks. This section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... (sensitivity to porosity or cracking and the required mechanical properties), but also the details of the joint (plate thickness, joint design, welding position, and location) and weld economics (deposition rates and efficiencies, cost of labor, cost of consumables, capital cost of equipment, number of spare...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... for sulfide stress cracking resistance for petroleum production, drilling, gathering, and transmission equipment and for field-processing facilities to be used in hydrogen sulfide bearing hydrocarbon service. Guidelines for dealing with the hydrogen stress cracking that occurs in refineries and petrochemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... components and equipment, structural designers, manufacturers, and users do not want a repeat of history. The consequences and costs of fractured, cracked, corroded, and malfunctioned equipment are unwanted, dangerous, and expensive. Through the years, history has demonstrated that failures occur. History...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... operation, for example, petroleum refinery Redundant equipment Installation of three large fans where two are required during operation Corrosion control   Inhibitors Injection of oil wells   Organic coatings Coal tar on exterior of underground pipeline Paint on wooden furniture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...-21Cr-2.24Si). Source: Ref 34 In refineries, sulfidation, which is commonly referred to as “sulfidic corrosion” in refinery industry, is a common materials problem. The temperatures of the refinery equipment having sulfidation problems are typically between about 260 and 540 °C (500 and 1000 °F...