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refinery equipment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... vessels, and refinery equipment. oil country tubular goods line pipe offshore platforms liquefied natural gas vessels refinery equipment stainless steel corrosion prevention References 1 Sumitomo Products for the Oil and Gas Industries...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... corrosion inhibitors crude oil refineries corrosion monitoring CORROSION has a major economic impact on the oil refining industry. The replacement cost of damaged equipment is a substantial capital expense. Unplanned outages reduce throughput, lowering revenue and profit. More importantly, due...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 5. Sorell G. and Humphries M.J. , High Temperature Hydrogen Damage in Petroleum Refinery Equipment , Mater. Perform. , Vol 17 ( No. 8 ), 1978 , p 33 6. Ciuffreda A.R. and Rowland W.R. , Hydrogen Attack of Steel in Reformer Service , Proc. API , Vol 37...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and refinery equipment. Finally, extensive discussion on the materials problems in coal-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers, waste-to-energy boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers is included. In summary, the subjects covered extensively in this book include: Oxidation Nitridation Carburization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Lobley G.R. , Stress Corrosion Cracking: Case Studies in Refinery Equipment , 6th Saudi Engineering Conference , Vol 5 , Dec 2002 ( Dhahran ), p 17 – 26 6.38 Wagner C. , Defending Boiler Components Against Corrosive and Erosive Attack , The Fabricator , Sept 2013 , https...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... excessive above approximately 760 °C (1400 °F) in intermittent service. Turbine blades and highly stressed sections in gas turbines, furnace parts, and burners operating below 650 °C (1200 °F), valve parts, cutlery, fasteners, hardware, oil refinery equipment, mining machinery, screens, pump parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the particular corrosion problems encountered and the methods of control used in petroleum production and the storage and transportation of oil and gas up to the refinery. It begins by describing those aspects of corrosion that tend to be unique to corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
.... and Howden D.G. , Wet Sulfide Cracking of Submerged Arc Weldments , Proc. API , Vol 52 (III), 1972 , p 631 – 653 7. “Controlling Weld Hardness of Carbon Steel Refinery Equipment to Prevent Environmental Cracking,” RP 942 , American Petroleum Institute 8. “Methods and Controls...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... acid gas concentration. Currently, any equipment containing MEA at any temperature and at any acid gas concentration is being postweld stress relieved. This is the result of surveys conducted by several refineries to define the extent of the SCC problem in this environment. These inspection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., such as tube hangers, in oil-fired boilers are subject to much higher temperatures and thus can suffer more serious corrosion problems. Many furnaces in refinery and petrochemical plants often use residual fuel oils for heating high-temperature processing equipment. The uncooled components in these furnaces...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... corrosion” in refinery industry, is a common materials problem. The temperatures of the refinery equipment having sulfidation problems are typically between about 260 and 540 °C (500 and 1000 °F). Sulfur compounds originating from crude oils include polysulfides, hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans, aliphatic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... 10.1016/0921-5093(91)90859-L 30. “Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Material for Oil Field Equipment,” NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 (latest revision), Material Requirement , NACE International 31. “Controlling Weld Hardness of Carbon Steel Refinery Equipment to Prevent Environmental...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... are not commonly utilized in severe corrosion environments. However, they are used in moderate corrosive service conditions such as those in oil refinery facilities and sour gas/oil pipelines. The presence of a weld often leads to a reduction in corrosion caused by the following circumstances ( Ref 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... alloy or a cast alloy will be more suitable metallurgically and/or economically for the intended high-temperature application. Engineers may also consider a totally different approach to address the high-temperature corrosion issue for some existing plant equipment that has suffered corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Ammonia , Corrosion , Vol 18 ( No. 8 ), 1962 , p 299t – 309t 10.5006/0010-9312-18.8.299 2.11 Kmetz J.H. and Truax D.J. , “ Carbonate Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Refinery FCC Main Fractionator Overhead Systems ,” Paper No. 206, presented at Corrosion/90 , National...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... , last modified Feb 2014 , http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/46240.pdf 6.36 Davis J.R. , Ed., Stainless Steels, ASM Specialty Handbook , ASM International , 1994 , p 195 6.37 Lobley G.R. , Stress Corrosion Cracking: Case Studies in Refinery Equipment , 6th Saudi Engineering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... applications such as boilers, steam and gas turbine parts, containers in contact with molten metal, heat-treating furnaces and equipment, cement mills, incinerators, exhaust valves and manifolds in internal combustion engines, power plant equipment, petroleum refinery furnaces, aerospace structures, and steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... The leak-before-break design approach is prevalent in pressure-containing equipment such as pressure vessels and piping used in nuclear and fossil fuel power generation plants, refineries, and chemical plants. Failure analysis and life assessment of pressure-containing systems is essential. Although leak...