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recrystallization

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Annealing, a heat treatment process, is used to soften metals that have been hardened by cold working. This chapter discusses the following three distinct processes that can occur during annealing: recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. The types of processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Ti-3Al-8V-6Cr-4Zr-4Mo (Beta C) 705–760 1300–1400 10–30 min Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al 675–705 1250–1300 30 min–2 h Ti-15V-3Al-3Cr-3Sn 790–815 1450–1500 5–15 min Fig. 5.19 Typical isothermal recrystallization curve. Reprinted with permission from Ref 5.8 Fig. 5.17 Recovery...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of the transformation range and cooling slowly. The purpose is to soften the metal for further cold working. Process annealing and subcritical annealing are often synonymous. Recrystallization annealing Used to produce a new grain structure in cold-worked steel without a phase change. It is often referred...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... measure it. It then describes the principles of austenite formation and grain growth and examines several time-temperature-austenitizing diagrams representing various alloying and processing conditions. The chapter concludes with a discussion on hot deformation and subsequent recrystallization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... condition, consisting of martensite and possibly some retained austenite, is heated at subcritical temperatures. It includes micrographs that illustrate the effect of carbide precipitation, the decomposition of retained austenite, and recovery and recrystallization. It also includes images that reveal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... surface tension acting on grain-boundary segments contributes to grain growth and how the formation of new grains, driven by phase transformations and recrystallization, lead to a reduction in average grain size. It also discusses the effect of alloying elements on grain growth rates, particularly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the properties and uses of aluminum, magnesium, titanium, and other nonferrous alloys. It also discusses the effect of cold working and the process of annealing, including recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. annealing cold working...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... surface). Etchant: hot hydrochloric acid. Fig. 11.41 Schematic presentation of the microstructure evolution during hot working (hot rolling in the example). Two possibilities are illustrated; when the recrystallization starts while the material is still suffering hot working, it is called...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Fig. 12.14 Schematic presentation of the effect of the subcritical annealing temperature on the structural changes in cold-worked steel. The grains in the recovery region are still deformed. The new grains formed on recrystallization are not deformed. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 12.15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... with experimental results. grain growth microstructure model recrystallization superalloy forgings 19.1 Introduction 19.2 Experiments for Microstructure Model Development 19.3 Microstructure Model Formulation 19.4 Prediction of Microstructure in Superalloy Forging 19.5 Nomenclature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... to the grain boundaries. Fig. 31.3 Ductile-to-brittle transition for recrystallized refractory metals. Source: Ref 3 Because of their high melting points and ease of oxidation, refractory metals are usually produced in powder form. Refractory metals are extracted from ore concentrates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... in the production of aluminum hollow sections. (a) Meeting under the leg. (b) Breaking apart. (c) Clean longitudinal weld [ Ake 92 ] Fig. 4.55 Extrusion weld in aluminum. (a) Different etchant attack. (b) Full recrystallization across the weld [ Ake 92 ] Fig. 4.53 Cracked surface of a CuZn28Sn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-relieved, annealed condition. These molybdenum products have a DBTT of –20 to 40 °C (–4 to 104 °F). Should the wrought/stress-relief/annealed product be heated above its recrystallization temperature (about 1100 °C, or 2010 °F), the DBTT rises to 40 to 80 °C (100 to 175 °F), making the metal brittle when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., plate under 12.7 mm (0.500 in.) 471 880 (l) 7475 Plate, 12.7 mm (0.500 in.) and over 477 890 (l) (a) Should not be solution heat treated after forming because it has a tendency to develop a large grain structure as a result of recrystallization. (b) For 6061, an alternate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... strip to produce cold-rolled and annealed sheet. Annealing to produce formable recrystallized ferritic structures is accomplished by subcritical annealing, i.e., annealing below A C1 temperatures without austenite formation. Newer types of sheet steels, such as the dual-phase and TRIP steels described...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... working processes are conducted at temperatures above the recrystallization temperature, which is approximately 0.5 T m . Cold working processes are conducted at or near room temperature, while warm working processes are conducted at intermediate temperatures. Hot working produces a recrystallized grain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and molybdenum contents can form σ and/or α′, the brittle, ordered body-centered cubic (bcc) phase, at temperatures below annealing temperatures, so rapid cooling is prudent when chromium plus molybdenum exceeds 20%. The driving force for recrystallization in these alloys is limited by the lower stored...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... R.J. , Modern Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering , 6th ed. , Butterworth-Heinemann, Elsevier Science , 1999 10.1016/B978-075064564-5/50013-6 3.6 Mankins W.L. , Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain-Growth Structures , Metallography and Microstructures , Vol 9 , ASM...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
.... In the process of working superalloys, many different thermal-mechanical cycles of heating and deformation occur with the input (by working) and removal (by recrystallization) of strain. Because superalloys are process-history sensitive, these thermal-mechanical processing cycles can have an important effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... alloys titanium alloys NONFERROUS ALLOYS are heat treated to tailor their properties for a variety of purposes including: Aiding in recovery by reducing internal stresses Promoting diffusion by redistributing existing alloying elements Promoting new recrystallized grain formation...