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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract Annealing, a heat treatment process, is used to soften metals that have been hardened by cold working. This chapter discusses the following three distinct processes that can occur during annealing: recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. The types of processes that occur during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Black liquor recovery boilers are an integral part of the kraft pulping process used in paper mills. Besides recovering chemicals for reuse, they also produce process steam. High operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... boilers, oil- and gas-fired boilers, waste heat boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers. It also describes the operation and working principle of utility or power plant boilers, covering conventional subcritical and advanced supercritical types. black liquor recovery boilers electric boilers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter describes the properties and uses of aluminum, magnesium, titanium, and other nonferrous alloys. It also discusses the effect of cold working and the process of annealing, including recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. annealing cold working grain growth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... precipitation, the decomposition of retained austenite, and recovery and recrystallization. It also includes images that reveal the characteristic structures produced by tempering medium-carbon hypoeutectoid and hypereutectoid steels as well as the effects of plastic deformation, austenitic grain size...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... of phases, and how these processes contribute to microstructural changes as a function of time, temperature, and applied stress. It also describes several failure examples and discusses related issues, including damage recovery, refurbishment, and repair. microstructure gas turbine components...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. This is followed by discussions on annealing processes, namely subcritical annealing, critical-range annealing, full annealing, isothermal annealing, annealing for microstructure, and solution or quench annealing. Next, the chapter describes two undesirable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., and beryllium alloys. As a whole, these materials contain significant amounts of beryllium and copper. The recovery of these metal values is desirable both economically and environmentally. Significant work has been done at Brush Wellman, Inc. to recycle both copper and beryllium from their waste streams...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... In a typical batch, 82% recovery with a BeO grade of 14 wt% was common when starting with a sample of 0.49 wt% BeO. In the ore samples obtained from the Mount Wheeler Mine, the liberation of phenacite was found to be roughly 70% between 100 and 325 mesh. All of the bertrandite was liberated below 65 mesh...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... the influence of the high and low stacking fault energy. Fig. 4.50 Dynamic recovery and recrystallization processes in extrusion. (a) High stacking fault energy. (b) Low stacking fault energy [ McQ 75 ] In the shear zones (at the liner wall, at the funnel of the dead metal zones in flat dies...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and refinery equipment. Finally, extensive discussion on the materials problems in coal-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers, waste-to-energy boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers is included. In summary, the subjects covered extensively in this book include: Oxidation Nitridation Carburization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... K.A. , 1979 . Extraction , Beryllium Science and Technology , Vol 2 , Floyd D.R. and Lowe J.N. , Ed., Plenum Press, NY , p 1 – 10 Wells R.A. , Everest D.A. , and North A.A. , 1963 . Solvent Extraction, Recovery, and Purification of Beryllium from Ores...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... alloys nickel alloys titanium alloys NONFERROUS ALLOYS are heat treated to tailor their properties for a variety of purposes including: Aiding in recovery by reducing internal stresses Promoting diffusion by redistributing existing alloying elements Promoting new recrystallized grain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...-5%HNO 3 . Original magnification: 250x The thermal treatment given to a cold-worked metal to return it to its strain-free state is referred to as annealing. Three stages of annealing are recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. Metals that undergo a high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... side). When the load is removed, springback occurs due to elastic recovery. Springback is practically negligible in stretch forming because stretching produces tensile deformation in both the outer and the inner surfaces of the sheet thickness. The key to removing springback is to change the state...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
...: The workpiece undergoes large plastic deformation, resulting in an appreciable change in shape or cross section. The portion of the workpiece undergoing permanent (plastic) deformation is generally much larger than the portion undergoing elastic deformation, so elastic recovery after deformation is usually...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... for carbide formation; the high strain energy the driving force for recovery; the high interfacial energy the driving force for grain growth or coarsening of the ferrite matrix; and the unstable austenite the driving force for transformation to mixtures of ferrite and cementite on tempering. Thus, even...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... , Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Vol 8 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2000 4. Mankins W.L. , Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain-Growth Structures , Metallography and Microstructures, Vol 9 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2004 5. Lahoti G.D. , Flat, Bar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... recovery and recrystallization processes do not occur. An approximate limit to separate hot and cold work frequently used is 0.5 T m , where T m is the melting point of the metal, in K. References 1. Honeycombe R.W.K. , Steels: Microstructure and Properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... in the electronics industry are either new or surplus parts or salvaged scrap parts. The packaging of these parts is altered to modify their identity or to disguise the effects of salvaging. The modification can be as simple as the removal of old marking and then adding new marking, or as complicated as recovery...