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reactor piping systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... areas: petroleum refining and petrochemical operations, boiling water reactor piping systems, and components used in pulp and paper plants. The discussion of each area addresses general design and service characteristics, types of weld corrosion issues, and prevention or mitigation strategies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... reactor piping systems SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES HAVE BEEN made in nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technology as applied to boiling water reactor (BWR) piping systems. This success is a direct outgrowth of efforts to overcome the difficult examination problem of detection and sizing of intergranular...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... 15.1 ). This chapter reviews the phenomenon of SCC in welded BWR pipe and present methods for its mitigation. 15.1 Boiling Water Reactor Piping Systems 15.2 Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Pipe Weldments 15.3 Model for Intergranular Stress-Corrosion Cracking 15.4 Stress-Related Remedies 15.5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... in a 3 km radius, affecting 1821 houses and 167 shops. The cause of the disaster was found by a court of inquiry to be the failure of a bypass pipe introduced into the system during an ad hoc modification. Fig. 2.5 The conflagration. Source: Ref 4 . With kind permission of Her Majesty’s...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... United States American Society of Mechanical Engineers B31.3 Code for Pressure Piping American National Standards Institute Great Britain British Standards Institution BS 3351: Piping Systems for Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants Tanks United States American Petroleum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... of inquiry concluded that when the leaking reactor No. 5 was replaced by a dog-leg pipe with bellows at the two ends, to bridge reactors 4 and 6, there was no proper design study, no proper consideration for the need for a support, no safety testing, no reference to the relevant standards, and no reference...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the failure modes and mechanisms of concern in hydroprocessing reactor vessels and the methods used to assess lifetime and performance. It begins with a review of the materials used in the construction of pressure-vessel shells, the challenges they face...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... (type 316) Ferritic molybdenum stainless steels (Fe-Cr-Mo) Titanium Polluted seawater (low velocity) Ferritic molybdenum stainless steels (Fe-Cr-Mo) Titanium (a) Listed in order of increasing corrosivity Relative costs of installed piping systems of various materials based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... , and Perks J.M. , State of Knowledge of Radiation Effects on Environmental Cracking in Light Water Reactor Core Materials , Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems—Water Reactors , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1990 6.2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... information on IGSCC of pipe welds in boiling water reactors can be found in Chapter 10, “Weld Corrosion in Specific Industries and Environments.” Other NDT techniques used to monitor corrosion include: The latter limitation is usually not restrictive since three electrodes of the same material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
.... Although considerably faster than in the reactor, this same effect is also apparent in the firing cycle of the SCR controller when extremely accurate, short-duration heating times (2 to 3 s or less) are desired. These operational times are generally associated with RF heating systems. When short...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... correctly coded; location known; easy access replacement; avoid identical mating systems Corrects for progressive deterioration; manual/automatic Let-it-fail-then-repair approach Defects Spares Minimize off-period Subtle or catastrophic Need quantified reliability (difficult for corrosion) Keep...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., in many piping systems, bending stresses arise due to failure of supports. Operating temperatures in boilers invariably exceed design temperatures at least over short durations, reducing component life. Unanticipated start-up and shutdown cycles lead to fatigue damage not originally provided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., this technique is time intensive and requires highly skilled personnel. Therefore, it is often impractical for thoroughly inspecting large vessels and extensive piping systems ( Ref 18.1 ). Nevertheless, advancements in transducers and complex phase array systems have developed the ability to detect and size...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., rocket engine parts Heat-treating equipment : trays, fixtures, conveyor belts, baskets, fans, furnace mufflers Nuclear power systems : control rod drive mechanisms, valve stems, springs, ducting Chemical and petrochemical industries : bolts, fans, valves, reaction vessels, piping, pumps...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., Management of Cycle Chemistry , ASME Handbook on Water Technology for Thermal Power Systems , Cohen P. , Ed., ASME , 1989 , p 1379 3. Dooley R.B. , Corrosion of Steam/Waterside Boilers , Corrosion , Vol 13 , 9th ed. , Metals Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 990 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... is the answer. Titanium is susceptible to crevice corrosion in hot seawater and other hot aqueous chloride environments. Therefore, for a flanged and gasketed piping system in these fluids, commercially pure titanium grade 55 (UNS R50550) may be acceptable for piping, but flanges require the more crevice-attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Abstract Abstract Liquid metals are frequently used as a heat-transfer medium because of their high thermal conductivities and low vapor pressures. Containment materials used in such heat-transfer systems are subject to molten metal corrosion as well as other problems. This chapter reviews...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... thickness), which had served as an equalizer line in the primary loop of a pressurized-water reactor, was found to contain several circumferential cracks 50 to 100 mm (2 to 4 in.) long. Two of these cracks, which had penetrated the pipe wall, were responsible for leaks detected in a hydrostatic test...