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quench tank design

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... rings ( Ref 3 ). To prevent galvanic corrosion, the piping should not be made of dissimilar materials. Tank storage capacity of three to four times the quenchant flow per minute is recommended. The quench system piping, solenoids, and manifold must be designed so that the full volume of quenchant is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... due to make-up water being added. See also Appendix 4, “Quench System Design,” in this book. In summary, induction heat treating not only requires proper austenitization but also the correct quenching quenchants and techniques to produce good parts. The vapor blanket stage occurs when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... various types of heat treatments may be employed to meet design requirements for mechanical strength, corrosion, wear, and so on. Heat treatments include stress relieving, austenitizing, normalizing, annealing, quenching, and tempering (Ref 1) . Heat treating may also involve chemical or additional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... and production requirements, as discussed in Chapter 11, “Induction Heat Treating Process Analysis,” in this Volume, with a suitable frequency and output power selected. After frequency selection and power, quenching and fixturing are built around the coil design. Sometimes more than one coil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... by redesign. Designs that tend to concentrate corrosive media in a small area should be avoided. For example, tank inlets should be designed such that concentrated solutions are mixed and diluted upon introduction ( Fig. 1 ). Otherwise, localized pockets of concentrated solutions can cause excessive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Abstract This chapter provides helpful guidelines for selecting a surface treatment for a given application. It identifies important design factors and applicable treatments for common design scenarios, materials, and operating conditions. It explains why heat treatments and finishing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... the effects of materials and quench process design on distortion of steel during heat treating. Details on stress raisers and their role in quench cracking are then presented. The chapter ends with various selected case histories of failures attributed to the quenching process. quenching phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Webster G.M. , Hardening by Reheating and Quenching , Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation , edited by Totten G. , Howes M. , and Inoue T. , ASM International , 2002 , p 248 – 295 19. Scott MacKenzie D. , Quenchant Agitation, Design and Characterization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... minutes maximum) after hardening, to minimize the possibility of cracking from the quenching stresses. Decarburization, scaling, excessive residual stresses, and quench cracks are all very real and must be dealt with in quench hardening of steel. However, the importance of component design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... needed, and filters are recommended. Quench system design is discussed in Appendix 4, “Quench System Design,” in this book. Also, if the closed system needs antifreeze because of low plant ambient temperature, commercial antifreezes (as are used with cars) must not be used. They will ionize and break...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... the processes involved in post-casting operations, namely de-coring and de-gating. The key design aspects for consideration in water quenching during the T6 heat treatment are reviewed. The chapter also provides information on two critical cycle events important in engineering at the manufacturing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... failure. In addition, the presence of stress raisers, such as those shown in Fig. 2 , are among the most common design contributors to quench cracking and fatigue failure. Fig. 2 Effected of stress raisers on stress concentration and distribution of stress at several changes of form in components...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... annealing, carburizing, carbonitriding, tempering, sintering, and hardening operations. If desired, the heated workpieces may be dumped directly into an enclosed quenching tank without losing atmosphere protection. Pusher-type continuous furnaces are usually designed to carry higher unit loads than belt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... microstructure. Martensite hardness depends only on carbon content. Source: Ref 16 Frequently when designing, quenched and tempered hardness is used as an indirect indicator of mechanical strength, as indicated in Fig. 10.36 , or using the following approximate empirical relationships: UTS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
.... 26 Multichamber, single-cell drawer oven. Source: Ref 13 Quenching of extrusion on the runout table is an important concern throughout the aluminum extrusion industry. Water-spray systems are gradually replacing tank-type water quench and over-table and undertable cooling fans. High...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
..., poor position of the workpiece relative to the coil, or eccentric rotation of the workpiece. An overheating coil needs either more cooling water or a better design. Arcing across the turns of the coil or bus support of the coil is usually due to scale or oil contamination in the quench system. Better...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... fatigue and fracture toughness. For aluminum alloys, solution treating, quenching, and natural aging is designated as the T4 temper, a heat treatment used for many of the aluminum-copper 2 xxx alloys. For these alloys, the relatively high supersaturation of atoms and vacancies retained by rapid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... hardenability and tempering response. It discusses the significance of critical temperatures, the use of transformation diagrams, and types of annealing treatments. It also provides information on heat treating furnaces, the effect of heating rate on transformation temperatures, quench and temper procedures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... various steels respond to heat treatments, such as annealing, normalizing, spheroidizing, tempering, and direct and interrupted quenching, and surface-hardening processes, such as flame and induction hardening, carburizing, nitriding, and carbonitriding. It also addresses the issue of temper embrittlement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... shortness associated with copper and overheating and burning as occur during forging. It addresses various types of embrittlement, including quench embrittlement, tempered-martensite embrittlement, liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, and hydrogen embrittlement, and concludes with a discussion on high...