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quantitative determination

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses some of the more advanced methods and procedures used in failure analysis, including in-service material sampling, in situ microstructure analysis, and a form of punch testing that can determine the fracture toughness of any material from a tiny specimen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... elements in metals and alloys Determination of composition and thickness of thin film deposits X-ray fluorescence with energy dispersive detectors have a threshold sensitivity of ~0.02% and a precision for quantitative analysis of ~1% relative, or 0.02% absolute, depending on count time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... reaction. Quantitative metallography can be used with the lever rule to determine phase boundaries. Optical metallography is still widely used but has now been expanded to include results from electron microscopy. Electron microscopy offers the capability of greater magnification and, in addition, allows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... spectroscopy for chemical analysis, is a widely used quantitative spectroscopic surface analysis technique. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy can determine the elemental composition of the surface of solids. It is the only technique that provides information on chemical bonding within a material surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... DeHoff R.T. , Stereology and Metallurgy , Metals Forum , Vol 5 , ( No. 1 ), 1982 , p 4 – 12 8. DeHoff R.T. and Rhines F.N. , Quantitative Microscopy , McGraw-Hill , 1968 9. Russ J. and DeHoff R.T. , Practical Stereology , Springer , 2000 10.1007/978-1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the emerging practice of quantitative microscopy and its application in the study of the microstructure of metals. It describes the methods used to quantify structural gradients, volume fraction, grain size and distribution, and other features of interest...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... solution No specified set of instrument parameters will yield identical sample chromatograms between different instruments. Absolute quantitative results are not possible strictly by instrumental electronic response. This parameter as it relates to quantitative evaluation is determined by an operator...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... As C.3 and C.4, but the output is converted using photomultipliers to direct reading of elemental concentrations As C.3 and C.4 As C.3 and C.4. Rapid techniques for quantitative information in which up to 20 elements may be determined during each analysis As C.3 and C.4. (Note C, S, and P in metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... – 129 10.1039/an9618600125 Alekseeva V.M. , and Rusanov A.K. , 1957 . Quantitative Spectrographic Determination of Beryllium in Ores and Minerals , Zh. Anal. Khim. , Vol 12 ( No. 1 ), p 23 – 33 Berkeley A.M. , and Smith A.H. , 1962 . Scientific Report NCL/AE 203...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., and the conditions of the failure must be investigated more thoroughly. An application of the fracture mechanics techniques may be able to determine which input was incorrectly assumed. FRACTURE MECHANICS can provide helpful quantitative information on the circumstances that led to a failure, and it can be used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.../asm.hb.v10.9781627081788 Image Analysis • DeHoff R.T. and Rhines F.N. , Quantitative Microscopy , McGraw-Hill , 1968 • Underwood E.E. , Quantitative Stereology , Addison-Wesley , 1970 • Vander Voort G.F. , Etching Techniques for Image Analysis , Microstructural Science...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... However, humans are not particularly adept at measuring quantitative data. For example, although human vision uses a sophisticated approach for depth perception that allows it to correctly determine the relative distance of an object, it is not able to measure a specific distance to an object other than...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Nondestructive Depth profiles Oxidation states Quantitative Spot size ≥100 μm (3940 μin.) Detection limit, 0.1 to 1% No molecular information Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) Electron beam Auger electrons Very rapid Small spot (<50 nm, or 500 Å) Imaging Simultaneous ion milling depth profile Charging...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... capable of supplying products that are sophisticated and manufactured to very rigid standards from newly developed, difficult-to-form alloys. The physical phenomena describing a forging operation are difficult to express with quantitative relationships. The metal flow, the friction at the tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... finite element analysis has allowed quantitative design of sheet forming processes and dies. Thus, the sheet metal forming industry is capable of supplying sophisticated products manufactured to very rigid requirements from newly developed, difficult-to-form alloys, as in the case of aerospace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... Higher-velocity impacts usually create a more catastrophic damage and can result in holes through the thickness of the composite, and therefore, visible damage. Accordingly, the mechanism of how composites fail is determined by the impact parameters, material characteristics, and composite design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Coating on Fatigue Life of Magnesium Alloy, AZ31B ,” M. Tech thesis, University of Waterloo, 2011 5.58 Howie A. , Theory of Diffraction Contrast Effects in the Scanning Electron Microscope , Quantitative Scanning Electron Microscopy , Holt D.B. , Muir M. , Grant P...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
..., the focus has been on using statistics to describe observations (either during a test, by collecting inspection data, or by examining other quantitative data). Now consider techniques to use statistical data to predict future outcomes. The normal curve represents a population, and from it, one can determine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... , 1988 , p 392 – 402 14.13 White G.S. , Freiman S.W. , and Wilson A.M. , Indentation Determination of Crack Growth Parameters in Gallium Arsenide , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. , Vol 74 , 1991 , p 419 – 421 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1991.tb06898.x 14.14 Fuller E.R. Jr. , Lawn...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... • Payne T. , Quantitative Techniques for Management , Reston Publishing, Inc. , 1982 • Ross P. , Taguchi Techniques for Quality Engineering , McGraw-Hill , 1988 ANOVA is an analytical technique that determines if differences in average performance are due to randomness...