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protective linings

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Organic coatings (paints and plastic or rubber linings), metallic coatings, and nonmetallic inorganic coatings (conversion coatings, cements, ceramics, and glasses) are used in applications requiring corrosion protection. These coatings and linings may protect substrates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., in a pipeline that is cathodically protected, if a foreign pipeline crosses or passes close to the protected pipeline, current from the cathodic protection system can gather onto the foreign pipeline and then be discharged from the foreign line when it crosses or comes close to the protected pipeline...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... are among the most widely used surface-engineering processes. Paints or linings that act as protective film to isolate the substrate from the environment exist in a number of different forms. Sheet linings, commonly of the vinyl or vinylidene chloride family, are one such type of coating that can be either...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... subject to hydrogen stress cracking and are therefore a better choice than type 410 (S41000) stainless steel for vessel linings that are attached by welding ( Ref 7 ). Austenitic stainless steels, such as type 304 (S30400) or type 316 (S31600), have excellent corrosion resistance but, as mentioned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Erosion of oil and gas gathering lines at bends and joints or in flow-control valves and wellhead equipment by produced sand is probably the other most common occurrence of erosion in oil and gas production. Erosion-Corrosion Strictly speaking, in erosion-corrosion, only the protective corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and abrasive cleaning Because of the relatively poor corrosion resistance of line pipe steels in underground environments, a combination of mitigation strategies consisting of coatings and cathodic protection (CP) is required. In this article, the most common causes and contributing factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... rate to change, which of course is an undesirable condition. Furthermore, experience has shown that the workpieces need to be cleaned before furnace tempering. Finally, after tempering, unless the workpieces are processed in-line in a manufacturing cell, some sort of rust protection is advisable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... inhibitor and a mixed inhibitor on the anodic and cathodic polarization curves and corrosion rate of iron in sulfuric acid. Dashed lines, before addition of inhibitor; solid lines, after addition of inhibitor Fig. 4 General categories of aqueous solutions. The diagonal line between lines...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... The Wunsch-Bell Model for Junction Failure. Figure 2 I-V characteristic curve comparing good (horizontal line) and leakage pins (curved vertical line). Figure 3 Hot spot location (circled) revealed by liquid crystal for a short circuit in the ESD protective circuit (transistors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-lined metals are used in process industries where there is concern over corrosion or contamination of the product. Conversion coatings are produced by intentionally corroding the metal surface in a controlled manner. This is done to produce an adherent corrosion product that protects the metal from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Fig. 4.11 Components of ionic and electron current flow at an area of metal surface referenced in the derivation of Faraday’s law Fig. 4.13 Relationship of the mixed-electrode cathodic and anodic polarization curves (solid lines) to the oxidation and reduction components (dashed lines...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... to heat electrically nonconductive materials through radiation or conduction heat-transfer processes. Flux Concentrators When placed in an induction field, magnetic materials tend to gather the lines of flux. Such materials are said to have high permeability. On the other hand, nonmagnetic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... steels are the most common materials of construction, not because of their corrosion resistance, which is usually fair to poor, but because of their excellent mechanical properties, weldability, and low cost. When used in corrosive environments, steels usually require some form of corrosion protection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... should be approached in the design stage, and the selection of a protective coating is important. Paint systems and lining materials exist that slow the corrosion rate of carbon steel surfaces. High-performance organic coatings such as epoxy, polyesters, polyurethanes, vinyl, or chlorinated rubber help...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and technology T-5 Corrosion problems in the process industries T-6 Protective coatings and linings T-7 Corrosion by waters T-8 Refining industry corrosion T-9 Military, aerospace, and electronics equipment corrosion control T-10 Underground corrosion control T-11 Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... ). The competing technology when corrosion dangers arise is the use of corrosion inhibitors, cathodic protection, or to line carbon steel with a protective coating. The use of inhibitors is subject to the risk of velocity limitations, temperature limitations, and simply of the inhibitor working appropriately...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... implement them in critical industries such as mining, energy production, transportation, and mineral and chemical processing. The chapter also describes basic approaches to dealing with corrosion and wear in steel. corrosion protection corrosion resistance steel wear resistance SURFACE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... protection even in polluted environments Thermally sprayed zinc or aluminum Electrolytic zinc Painting or powder coatings with appropriate surface preparation and priming Heavy electrolytic nickel provided there are no defects in the coating Electroless nickel-phosphorus coating Aluminum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., Testing, and Protection , Vol 13A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2003 , p 346 – 366 9. Denhard E. , Effect of Composition and Heat Treatment on the Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels , Corrosion , Vol 16 ( No. 7 ), 1960 , p 131 – 141 10. Kerlins...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... operated with no protection or inhibition and rely on the performance of the dehydrating units to process dry gas within acceptable standards. It is not unusual to find, in such pipelines, phase instabilities and other process perturbations resulting in near-saturated gas (with water vapor) or some liquid...