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process deficiency

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract This chapter targets areas that determine if a change occurred and if the change induced the failure: change or what's different analysis. It describes the different sources of changes that induce process deficiencies: design, process, test and inspection, environmental, supplier lot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter describes cast steel features that may be identified or attributed to component failure during heat treatment or subsequent processing or service, namely porosity (generated by the presence of gas as well as by shrinkage pores), decarburization, cold joint, and inclusions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... material processing variations may help explain differences in mechanical properties between the bulk material and the failure origin. Tensile tests, in many failure analysis investigations, do not provide enough useful information, because relatively few failures result from metal that is deficient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... (temperature, atmosphere, etc.) controllers to hold the process within prescribed or specified limits. This chapter discusses temperature and atmosphere sensors used in a heat treating system. The temperature sensors covered are contact and noncontact types. The atmosphere sensors covered are oxygen probe, dew...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the advantages, limitations, and applications of various aluminum casting processes, namely green sand casting process, air set or no-bake molding process, vacuum molding process, evaporative foam casting process, and die casting process. The processes covered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract This chapter explains how materials selection becomes much more difficult when designing for high-temperature corrosion environments. It also discusses the use of cladding and weld overlays to compensate for material deficiencies and prolong service life. corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This appendix provides detailed information on design deficiencies, material and manufacturing defects, and service-life anomalies. It covers ingot-related defects, forging and sheet forming imperfections, casting defects, heat treating defects, and weld discontinuities. It shows how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.9781627082983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... analysis of steel welds may be divided into three categories. They include failures due to design deficiencies, weld-related defects usually found during inspection, and failures in field service. This chapter emphasizes the failures due to various discontinuities in the steel weldment. These include poor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter familiarizes readers with the many and varied thermoset composite fabrication processes and the types of applications for which they were developed. It describes wet lay-up, prepreg lay-up, and low-temperature vacuum bag curing prepreg processes, which are best suited...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the fundamentals of plastic deformation and the role of strain and strain rate in sheet metal forming processes. It describes the conditions associated with uniform deformation, the significance of engineering and true strain, the effect of volume constancy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of phase diagrams in alloy design, processing, and performance assessment. The examples cover both ferrous and nonferrous metals and a variety of goals and objectives. The chapter also identifies limitations and pitfalls associated with the use of phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... Dampfdrucke und Dampfdichten von Beryllium-und Zirkonium-Halogeniden , Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. , Vol 211 , p 349 – 367 10.1002/zaac.19332110403 Rundle R.E. , and Lewis P.H. , 1952 . Electron Deficient Compounds, Part VI: The Structure of Beryllium Chloride , J. Chem. Phys. , Vol 20...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses some of the ways that the lessons learned from failures have benefitted society, leading to improved product designs, better materials, safer industrial processes, and more robust codes and standards. It also provides several examples of how the technology...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Klasse 6 , Oslo , p 104 Gurney R.W. , 1953 . Ionic Processes in Solution , McGraw-Hill , New York, NY Hyde K.R. , O’Connor D.J. , and Wait E. , 1958 . Preparation of Beryllium Fluoride from Beryllia , J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. , Vol 6 , p 14 – 18 10.1016/0022-1902...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Company Ltd, Impact Innovations GmbH, and ASB Industries. Typical helium and nitrogen gas systems used in high-pressure cold spray processing are reviewed. high-pressure cold spray equipment spray systems gas supply system IN THE EARLY DAYS, all cold spray research and development (R&D...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter reviews failure aspects of structural ferrous powder metallurgy (PM) parts, which form the bulk of the PM industry. The focus is on conventional PM technology of parts in the density range of 6 to 7.2 g/cc. The chapter briefly introduces the processing steps...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... such that no propellant gases are released, and interfacing with the rifle chamber. A manufacturing process is also a system. Manufacturing processes bring together tools, techniques, processes, and human beings to form parts and collections of parts that meet multiple dimensional, reliability, quality, appearance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...% and WC grain sizes range from <1 to >8 μm and sometimes even up to 30 μm. The selection of a proper grade for a given application depends on an understanding of the complete process and the dominant failure mechanisms observed in the tool material. Examples of typical applications are shown...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... examples. Even with the best design, flaws introduced during the manufacture of components can contribute to failures. As previously listed, such problems can be divided into three major categories dealing with deficiencies in: Materials Processing that includes operations...