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preventative measures

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... the thermodynamic conditions and electrochemical nature of oxidation and providing information on transient oxidation. This is followed by a description of Wagner's theory for metal oxidation. The volatile nature of Cr 2 O 3 is then reviewed. The chapter further discusses the causes and preventive measures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... that can be affected, with particular emphasis on the recognition and prevention measures. uniform corrosion pitting corrosion crevice corrosion galvanic corrosion erosion-corrosion intergranular corrosion dealloying environmentally assisted cracking aqueous corrosion corrosion prevention...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... It also discusses preventative measures. abrasive wear adhesive wear brittle fracture cavitation fatigue ductile fracture durability erosive wear fatigue fracture fretting wear temperature-induced fracture DURABILITY is a generic term used to describe the performance of a material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... provides a summary of the studies that have been conducted along with the findings. It discusses the effects of acute and chronic exposure, toxicity levels, potential sources and risks, treatment, and protective and preventive measures. beryllium alloys beryllium chronic beryllium diseases...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses corrosion prevention methods used with aluminum and its alloys. The methods range from relatively straightforward measures, such as proper handling and storage, to advanced early warning corrosion monitoring systems for military aircraft. The chapter summarizes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract Metals are used in many engineering applications because of their mechanical properties, particularly strength and ductility. This chapter explains how mechanical properties are measured and how to interpret the results. It describes the most widely used tests, including tensile tests...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the types of sensors used in sheet forming operations and the information they provide. It explains how force sensors protect equipment from overloads due to tool wear, friction, and misfeeds, how displacement and proximity sensors help to prevent die crashes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
.... It explains how the delta phase, which is used to control grain size in IN-718, improves strength and prevents stress-rupture embrittlement. It describes heat treatments for different product forms, discusses the effect of tramp elements on grain-boundary ductility, and explains how section size and test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... through all parts of the die, especially with unsymmetrical shapes and different wall thicknesses. The resistance to flow is greatest in the narrow parts of the die, and the bearing lengths in that region have to be reduced. If insufficient attention is paid to these preventive measures, the extruded...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... defects, their effects and causes as well as the preventive measures are systematically determined. This can be product-specific ( Table 8.4 ). Failure modes and effect analysis for the extrusion process Table 8.4 Failure modes and effect analysis for the extrusion process Step failure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... stain does not stop the underlying corrosion. In addition, structural members such as box frames and cross members can be severely weakened. Possible preventive measures include: Avoid bolted or riveted joints unless the metals are coated, ideally both before and after joining. However...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter outlines the step-by-step processes by which materials are selected in order to prevent or control corrosion and includes information on materials that are resistant to the various forms of corrosion. The various forms of corrosion covered are general (uniform) corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... FRACTURE MECHANICS can provide helpful quantitative information on the circumstances that led to a failure, and it can be used to prescribe preventive measures to avoid the recurrence of failures in similar components. A fracture mechanics approach is needed when a material or structure contains...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... usually think of failure in terms of fracture, wear, or corrosion. Even in the absence of any of these three factors, however, a part can also fail when distortion of size or shape prevents the performance of its intended function ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Distortion failures are readily identified...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
..., are leak-tested in machined condition. Both the product designer and the casting engineer prepare failure mode analyses. These analyses list all the potential ways either a design or the process can fail, impairing the product quality or consistency, and what preventive measures or controls need...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... by the Corrodkote Procedure • B 457, Method for Measurement of Impedance of Anodic Coatings on Aluminum • B 537, Practice for Rating of Electroplated Panels Subjected to Atmospheric Exposure • B 577, Test Methods for Hydrogen Embrittlement of Copper • B 583, Test Methods for Porosity in Gold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., depending on the species, freshly cut wood contains over 50% moisture and organic acids that can be quite corrosive. Wood treated against disease and insects can contain chemicals that can leach out and be corrosive. Design prevention measures would be to use laminate material that does not absorb moisture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... corrective measure adopted to salvage the parts was to carry out a deep freeze, because reprocessing may result in scrapping of the product due to dimensional distortion. On a permanent basis, a periodic preventive maintainence schedule for the oxyprobe was drawn up and adhered to. Results Correcting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of prevention have been studied by metallurgists, engineers, and chemists for many years, and significant improvements have been accomplished. However, refining processes are complex, and corrosion problems require thorough analysis and systematic solutions. Areas of Corrosion in the Refinery Table 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... was believed to be a form of caustic SCC. Cracking occurs whether or not MEA solutions contain corrosion inhibitors. Preventive Measures As a result of this particular investigation and others, all welds in equipment in MEA service are being inspected. Wet fluorescent magnetic-particle inspection...