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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... the most important component of an overall induction heating system. Such equipment is typically rated in terms of its frequency and maximum output power (in kilowatts). This chapter addresses the selection of power supplies in terms of these two factors as well as the operational features of different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion testing and monitoring are powerful tools in the fight to control corrosion. This chapter provides a general overview of three major categories of corrosion tests, namely laboratory tests, pilot-plant tests, and field tests. It begins with brief sections describing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract Nickel and nickel-base alloys are specified for many applications, such as oil and gas production, power generation, and chemical processing, because of their resistance to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). Under certain conditions, however, SCC can be a concern. This chapter...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... that can be achieved through conventional machining methods, the mechanics of chip formation, the factors that affect tool wear, the selection and use of cutting fluids, and the determination of machining parameters based on force and power requirements. It also includes information on nontraditional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., however, the need for extending the lives of current plants well beyond their originally anticipated lives has gained considerable attention. The factors driving this need are essentially the same as those for fossil power plants, as described earlier. Most steels for refinery and petrochemical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Typical wing fuel tank sealing Fig. 11.4 Typical freehand drill motor. Source: Cooper Power Tools Fig. 11.5 Limited-access fastener installation. Source: The Boeing Company Fig. 11.6 Composite hole splintering Fig. 11.7 Drilling forces on composite laminate. Source...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., hot rolled; CD, cold drawn; A, annealed. (b) Based on a rating of 100 for B1112 steel Average unit power requirements for turning, drilling, or milling of titanium alloys compared with other alloys systems Table 10.2 Average unit power requirements for turning, drilling, or milling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... York, 1960 ( Ref 2 ) Fig. 3.9 Vector diagram illustrating power-factor correction for a fixed-frequency induction heating power supply Fig. 3.13 Schematic circuit diagrams of low- to medium-frequency heat stations illustrating capacitor and transformer adjustments when using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... properties of elastomers and comparison with rubbers Table 8 Electrical properties of elastomers and comparison with rubbers Material ASTM D 1507 ASTM D 257 ASTM D 149 Dielectric constant (a) Power factor × 10 2 (a) Volume resistivity, Ω · m Surface resistivity, Ω Dielectric strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... resistance, dielectric constant, power factor, and dielectric strength. The fadeometer was originally developed to test paints and dyes for colorfastness. It simulates the exposure to sunlight received by a material that is indoors. It is now commonly used to test plastic materials for color stability...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... voltage, V Workpiece power, kW Coil losses, kW Coil efficiency, % Power factor, kVA Apparent power Power coil 88.6 68.0 10.4 87 0.22 354 Bare coil 30.6 8.4 4.0 68 0.10 122 Bare coil (a) 87.0 68.0 32.4 68 0.10 992 Note: (a) Bare coil with the same workpiece power...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... is critical to the intended induction heat-treating process because of the relationships between the size of the part that is being heated and the depth of heating of the frequency being used. Other factors such as the output voltage, current, and power are all dictated by the type of resonant load the power...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...  At 1 MHz 2.2 2.45 2.88 2.90 Power factor D 150  At 60 Hz 0.05 0.0002 0.0007 0.006  At 1 MHz 0.03 0.0002–0.0004 0.0075 0.013 Volume resistivity, Ω · m 10 16 >10 14 8 × 10 14 10 13 D 257 Note: This information is taken from available published data of raw...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... (4.5) 38.1 (15) Fig. 6.28 Welding speed as a function of wall thickness and input power for fabrication of 25-mm- (1-in.-) diam steel tubing. For other outer diameters, the welding speed should be multiplied by the correction factor given in the inset. For other metals, the speed should...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
..., which can lead to substantial economic benefits. As shown in previous chapters, the major factors inherent in the induction process (i.e., time, temperature, power, and coil/part placement) all combine to provide a repeatable, uniform process. Control of these factors enables the system to repeat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... emissivities are 0.1 to 0.2 for aluminum at 200 to 595 °C (390 to 1100 °F) and 0.80 for oxidized steel. The power lost in the induction coil, P 3 = I c 2 ⁢ R c , depends on frequency, coil design, and the size of the air gap between the inductor and the workpiece, among other factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... techniques, environmental factors, and cracking characteristics. It includes a model that accounts for the primary factors involved in intergranular SCC, namely, tensile stresses above the yield stress of the base material, a sensitized microstructure, and reactor cooling water. The chapter also provides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... by other means. Usually, the Power Law Model works best when a number of underlying factors contribute to the behavior of the system. The Power Law Model is given by: T T F = C o F − N , where C o is a constant, F is some driving force, and N is an exponent associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Abstract Abstract Many defects generate excessive heat during operation; this is due to the power dissipation associated with the excess current flow at the defect site. There are several thermal detection techniques for failure analysis and this article focuses on infrared thermography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... through-heating applications this ratio will vary from around 4 to 6. Then the values of the thermal conductivity are used to estimate the induction thermal factor. Finally, the total power required to heat the bar is calculated. In addition to these estimates, if total accuracy is needed radiation...