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pouring practice

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 Pour in pour cup 8 x … … … … … … … … … … … … Mold tip 28 … x … … … … … … … … … … … Solidification 132 … … … … … … … … … … … … … Tip return 160 … … … … … … … … x...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... and maintenance costs. Low-volume investment castings require precise patterns, hand mold assembly, and pouring practices that are justified by the extreme detail, accuracy, and finish of the final product. Premium engineered castings are typically low volume and high cost. When two or more casting processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... It describes the design and operation of melting furnaces as well as melting practices and the role of fluxing. It also discusses casting methods, nonferrous casting alloys, and atomization processes used to make metal powders. atomization foundry casting melting furnaces nonferrous casting alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an overview of beryllium casting practices and the challenges involved. It discusses the stages of solidification, the effect of cooling rate, the difficulty of heat removal, and the potential for hot cracking. It describes common melting techniques...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Assembly Charging the EAF Electric Arc Furnace AOD Vessel Teeming Introduction Vacuum Induction Melting Process Description Vacuum Induction Melting Charge Vacuum Induction Furnace Pouring Systems Vacuum Induction Melting Furnace Operation Introduction Vacuum Arc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.9781627083355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the practices and procedures used for shape casting metals and alloys. It begins with a review of the factors that influence solidification and contribute to the formation of casting defects. It then describes basic melting methods, including induction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... how patterns, molds, and shells are produced, discusses the practice of directional solidification, and examines an assortment of turbine components cast from nickel- and cobalt-base alloys. The chapter also addresses casting problems such as inclusions, porosity, distortion, core shift, and leaching...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... of Steel , 9th ed. , United States Steel Corporation , 1971 2. Higgins R.A. , Engineering Metallurgy—Applied Physical Metallurgy , 6th ed. , Arnold , 1993 3. Mishra B. , Steel Making Practices and Their Influence on Properties , Metals Handbook Desk Edition , 2nd ed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... coming from the feeding/distribution place, where the liquid temperature is lower than the necessary temperature; 3) the pouring, feeding, and distribution channels are underdimensioned and strangle the flow of metal necessary for the filling of the mold; and 4) the molds have voids that need...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
.... It then discusses the influence of casting variables, including pouring temperature and cooling rate, and operating considerations such as the make-up of charge materials, fluxing and degassing procedures, and grain refining. The chapter also provides information on vertical and horizontal casting systems, billet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... of fabricating a composite with discontinuous fibers. It can be performed at temperatures lower than those conventionally employed in foundry practice during pouring, resulting in reduced thermochemical degradation of the reinforced surface. Pressure infiltration casting (PIC) is an MMC fabrication technique...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... 19.12 Corrosion of Iron and Steel 19.13 Corrosion-Resistant Coatings Acknowledgments References References 1. Mishra B. , Steel Making Practices and Their Influence on Properties , Metals Handbook Desk Edition , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1998 2. Classifications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
..., with sand as the molding medium. Metal molds use permanent molds that are reused in each casting cycle. The permanent molds have a long life (80,000 to 120,000 pours) and can be refurbished for extended use. The characteristic differences between the two groups are indicated at the bottom of Fig. 3.1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
..., pouring, melt handling, and treatment entrain air or gaseous phases. In the presence of such nuclei, hydrogen precipitates readily at even relatively low dissolved hydrogen levels. In the absence of nucleating phases such as oxides and gaseous species, surface tension forces are generally strong enough...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... metal during or after tapping, rather than being added to the cupola charge. If the ladle that receives the molten metal at the spout will pour the castings without a transfer, the alloying metal may be added to the stream at the spout. This practice generally provides reasonably thorough mixing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... of P/M 316L Stainless Steel” , P/M Conf . ( New Orleans, LA ), MPIF, 2001 33. Klar E. and Samal P.K. , On Some Practical Aspects Related to the Corrosion Resistance of Sintered Stainless Steels , Proceedings of PM ’94, Powder Metallurgy World Congress , June 6–9 , 1994...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.9781627082808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... than most steels, they are cheap, more readily cast than steels, and have other useful properties. With proper alloying, good foundry practice, and appropriate heat treatment, the properties of any cast iron can be varied over a wide range. Large tonnages of high-quality cast irons are produced...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... or surface-connected pores, that did not close during the HIP cycle. These filler rods may be extra-low interstitial (ELI) or normal interstitial to prevent excess oxygen buildup in the weld metal. Excellent quality weld deposits are routinely obtained when proper practice is used. Generally, all weld...