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polyvinyl chloride leaks

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract Leaks can occur as the result of several failure causes. This chapter reviews the causes, features, and impact of various types of leaks, namely gasket leaks, O-ring leaks, bond-joint leaks, weld leaks, polyvinyl chloride leaks, valve leaks, and structural leaks. bond-joint leaks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... options Another important aspect of plastics and elastomers is the use of plasticizers. These are lubricants that facilitate polymer chains slipping on each other. A toothbrush handle may be made from rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and the leatherette travel pouch that it is carried in can be made...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... by the nonmetallic honeycombs and then polyvinyl chloride (PVC) foam. Unfortunately honeycomb core is expensive and can be difficult to fabricate into complex assemblies, and the in-service experience, particular with aluminum honeycomb, has not always been good. It can also be difficult to make major repairs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... ... ... ... ... Polyvinyl formal 220 430 27 4000 ... ... ... ... ... ... Light brown, clear 75 165 6–8 × 18 -5 20 1.1 Not resistant to strong acids Polyvinyl chloride 120–160 250–320 0.7 100 nil 60 140 27 4000 ... Opaque 60 140 5–18 × 10 -5 45 1.3 Resistant to acids and alkalies...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., thermoplastic elastomers, polyacrylates, polyvinyl alkyl ethers, and silicones. Pressure-sensitive adhesives are almost always supplied as a coating on a substrate. Substrate materials include paper; cellophane; plastic films, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, polyester, and polyimide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... maximum induction) and adequate chloride corrosion resistance. High-temperature sintering produces lower levels of interstitials, which is beneficial to both magnetic properties and corrosion resistance. The 410L stainless steel, sintered at 1260 °C (2300 °F) in hydrogen followed by re-pressing (690 Mpa...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... If not controlled, corrosion can result in leaks and catastrophic failures that can lead to additional expenses related to environmental hazards, equipment wastage, injury, and loss of life. The total cost of corrosion in the U.S. oil and gas production industry is estimated to be $1.372 billion annually, made...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... 270 Polymethylacrylate … 0 … Polymethyl methacrylate  PMMA 70 100, 105 …  i-PMMA … 45 160 Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) 55 80, 87 212 Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) … –17 198 Polyvinyl fluoride (PVF) 66–131 –20 200 Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF or PVF 2 ) 48 –35...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
.... The binder is a standard tape cast formulation, such as ethanol-toluene as the solvent and polypropylene glycol as the binder. A flexible polymer, such as polyvinyl butyral, is added in small quantities to provide flexibility. Most of the additive fabrication approaches target components of 1 kg (2.2 lb...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Corrosion in concrete, as caused primarily by chloride ions, and most successfully combated by cathodic protection Boiler service, which is a specialized form of aqueous corrosion that also involves elevated temperatures Corrosion in molten nitrate salts, which are used for heat treatment baths (plain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... requirements. Brine is made through the addition of salts to water quenching systems. Commonly used materials include sodium chloride (NaCl), typically at 10%, and sodium hydroxide (NaOH), typically at 3%. When a workpiece is first quenched, salt crystals form and deposit on the surface of the workpiece...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., as will the extent of crevicing from compaction and shrinkage or chloride buildup for certain materials. Wet-dry cycling can lead to concentration effects that can result in pitting of aluminum in contact with the insulation barriers. Figure 6 shows some typical examples in which design and installation procedures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... is that they allow the imaging of nonconductive surfaces, eliminating the coating that would be required for clear imaging in a conventional SEM. This is illustrated by Fig. 2 , which shows a section of polyvinyl chloride tube that failed due to fatigue. The image obtained shows excellent contrast without...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., soil, CP, and temperature. Coating To date, one or both forms of SCC have occurred under polyethylene/polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tapes, coal-tar enamel, wax, and asphalt coatings. With these coatings, the SCC is associated with coating disbondment and shielding of the CP current by the coating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... problem, as outlined in Ref 34 , include: Replacing the iron or steel with noncorrodible materials, such as fiberglass, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, and concrete Creating a nonaggressive environment around the steel by backfilling with gravel or clay-free sand to encourage good drainage...
Book Chapter

By L. L. Sparks
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
..., 1960 ), and for an organic polymer (polyvinyl chloride) ( Chang, 1977 ). A single point is shown for aluminum in the superconducting state at 1 K. Figure 2.2 Phonon frequency distributions (a) Einstein (1907) , (b) Nernst and Lindemann ( Blackman, 1955 ), (c) Debye (1912) , and (d) Born...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.9781627083041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of Hydrogen Chloride on Corrosion of Boilers Steels in Synthetic Flue Gas , Corrosion , Vol 36 ( No. 7 ), 1980 , p 369 - 373 10.5006/0010-9312-36.7.369 11. Roberts B.W. , Ellis F.V. , and Viswanathan R. , “ Utility Survey and Inspection for Life Assessment of Elevated Temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9