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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses the complex polarization characteristics of active-passive metals and addresses related problems in interpreting their corrosion behavior. It begins by presenting several experimentally derived polarization curves for iron, comparing and contrasting them...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of corrosion and the factors that control the rates of corrosion reactions requires examination of the concepts of polarization behavior and identification of the various forms of polarization in an electrochemical cell. These concepts, addressed in the remaining of this chapter, include anodic and cathodic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Abstract This chapter lays the groundwork for understanding electrode kinetics associated with corrosion. It presents a simple but useful theory relating kinetics to the polarization behavior of half-cell reactions. The theory is based on the observation that electrode potentials vary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... and current densities, polarization characteristics, and physical variables such as anode-to-cathode area ratios and fluid velocity. It also discusses the effect of corrosion inhibitors, galvanic coupling, and external currents, making extensive use of polarization curves. chemical kinetics corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... between amplitude and optical-phase features and how they are revealed using appropriate illumination methods. It compares images obtained using bright field and dark field illumination, polarized and cross-polarized light, and interference-contrast techniques. It also discusses the use of photometers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... aberration. Metallurgical microscope features such as apochromatic objectives, hyperplane oculars, vertical illuminators, counting reticles, widefield oculars, polarization filters, field diaphragms, interferometers, and tungsten-halogen lamps are explained. The optical system, nosepiece, types of objectives...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to to understand rates of corrosion. The discussion covers two kinetic processes, namely electrode reactions at the cathode and anode and conduction of ions in the electrolyte. The chapter also provides information on passivation and its effect on polarization diagrams. corrosion kinetics passivation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... relationships, followed by a brief section on polarization of metals or alloys. The effects of area, distance, and geometric shapes on galvanic-corrosion behavior are then discussed. Various alloys susceptible to galvanic corrosion are briefly reviewed. The chapter also discusses various modes of attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... machine system and a vertical winding machine. The chapter provides information on in-plane (polar) winders and several types of creels, namely stationary and no twist, rotating, braking, and combinations thereof. Comprehensive descriptions of mandrel designs used in filament winding are presented in text...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... current density electrochemical corrosion electrometer reference electrode Electrochemical corrosion studies to determine both corrosion rates and behaviors frequently employ a potentiostatic circuit, which includes a polarization cell, as schematically shown in Fig. 6.1 . The working electrode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... rate in an operating corrosion cell. The greater the current, the greater the corrosion rate; that is, the polarization of an operating corrosion cell is due to activation polarization, concentration polarization, and ohmic polarization. The sum of all these resistance elements throughout the corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... (at the equator of the vessel, Fig. 3.2 ), and c is the minimum one (polar opening). The combination of Eq 3.1 and 3.2 followed by the substitution of Eq 3.4 gives: (Eq 3.5a) σ m = P R p 2 t ( Y 2 + r Y eq 2 Y 2 ) (Eq 3.5b) σ p = σ m...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... for Making Potentiostatic and Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Measurements,” G 5, ASTM International 26. “Standard Test Method for Conducting Potentiodynamic Polarization Resistance Measurements,” G 59, ASTM International 27. “Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Potentiodynamic Polarization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...., NACE International , 2001 , p 49 – 64 10. Barlo T. , “ Origin and Validation of the 100 mV Polarization Criterion ,” Paper No. 01581, Corrosion 2001 , NACE International, 2001 11. Kozewski L. , “ Application of the 100 mV Polarization for Aboveground Storage Tank Bottoms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
.... : “ The Application of Polarized Light to the Examination of Various Anisotropic Metals and Intermetallic Phases, ” J. Inst. Met. , vol. 80 , 1951-1952 , pp. 629 – 636 . 23. Mott B. W. , and Haines H. R. : “ Examination of Metals under Polarized Light. II. Applications, ” Research , vol. 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... and Woinowsky-Krieger S. , Theory of Plates and Shells , 2nd ed. , McGraw-Hill Book Co. , 1959 (membrane theory) 9.10 Denost J.-P. , “ New Design Concepts for Filament-Wound Pressure Vessel with Unequal Polar Openings, ” AIAA-1982-1067, AIAA/SAE/ASME 18th Joint Propulsion Conference , June...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Marder J.M. , and Batich R. , 1985 . Beryllium , Metallography and Microstructures , Vol 9 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , p 389 – 390 Mott R.W. , and Haines H.R. , 1951 . “ The Examination of Metals Under Polarized Light ,” AERE-M/R-791, Oct...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... are anodic to regions that have not. Fig. 12.5 Because atoms at grain boundaries are in a higher energy state, the grain boundaries become anodic. Accumulation of positive ions near the anode and negative ions near the cathode ( Fig. 12.6 ) will polarize the cell, decreasing the voltage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... of Passivity and Repassivation , Passivity of Metals , Frankenthal R.P. and Kruger J. , Ed., The Electrochemical Society , 1978 , p 285 – 327 30. Lee I. , “ Polarization and Corrosion Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel and Alloy AL6X in Acid Chloride Environments ,” master’s thesis...