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platinum-base alloys

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article explains how alloying elements affect the properties and behaviors of electrical contacts. It describes the composition, strength, hardness, and conductivity of a wide range of contact alloys and composites based on silver, copper, gold, platinum, palladium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in metallic form is their exceptional resistance to corrosion. Platinum and Platinum Alloys Palladium and Palladium Alloys The Remaining Platinum-Group Metals A very wide range of silver-based brazing filler metal alloys is described by various standards, most notably American Society...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and Lead Alloys,” “Tin and Tin Alloys,” “Precious Metals and Alloys,” and “Fusible Alloys,” all in Metals Handbook Desk Edition , 2nd Edition, ASM International, 1998. Platinum is the most abundant of the platinum group metals and is also the most widely used. Applications are based on its corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... rapidly in moist air. By itself, manganese is typically not used as a base element, although development of very pure manganese (99.98%) and alloying with more than 3% of certain elements (such as 2% Cu and 1% Ni) have resulted in ductile materials. There are several different ways in which nonferrous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Electropolishing Mass (Barrel) Finishing Copper Plating Platinum Plating Coatings for Emissivity Ion Implantation Processes Salt Bath Processes Liquid-State Alloying The capacity of titanium to absorb common gases, including oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen (all of which tend to embrittle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Galvanic series of selected commercial metals and alloys in seawater Noble or cathodic end of series Platinum Gold Graphite Titanium Silver Chlorimet 3 (62Ni-18Cr-18Mo) Hastelloy C (62Ni-17Cr-15Mo) 18-8Mo stainless steel (passive) 18-8 stainless steel (passive) Chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... occurs in 0.1 M HClO 4 , because the gold can only undergo oxidation and not dissolution. This is also true for many other gold- and platinum-base systems. However, in the copper-zinc system, the dissolution of copper and zinc may occur simultaneously, although at different rates. In fact, during...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Magnesium 1100 500 7.9 17.5 Magnesium Anodes Zinc Aluminum Impressed-current anodes must be corrosion resistant and otherwise durable in the environment in which they are used. Consumption rates for lead alloy, platinum, graphite, and high-silicon cast iron impressed-current anode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... from the fine dispersion of second-phase precipitates that form in a metastable (quenched) single-phase alloy—as in Dr. Wilm’s mystery with aluminum-copper alloys Two-phase nonferrous alloys (such as titanium-base alloys and high-zinc copper-zinc alloys), where strength can be obtained...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... hot-corrosion-type degradation processes. As a result of hot corrosion failures and alloy studies, superalloys were created that were/are more resistant to hot corrosion than the initial high-strength cast airfoil superalloys such as IN-100 and B-1900 nickel-base superalloys. Cobalt-base...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., the question is whether the research data generated can provide industry with some practical guidance for materials selection based on either the mechanical properties of the alloy (to select a more erosion-resistant alloy) or based on the resistance of the alloy to oxidation or high-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
.... , The Passivity of Nickel and Nickel-base Alloys , First International Congress on Metallic Corrosion , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1961 , p 113 – 117 30. Stansbury E.E. , Potentiostatic Etching , Applied Metallography , Voort G.F. Vander , Ed., Van Nostrand Reinhold...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., in extending the useful life of the vessels, and allowing the use of lower-cost alloys. Examples of these applications are given as follows. Storage Vessels Heat Exchangers Transportation Vessels Pulp and Paper Mills Galvanic Cathodes Economic justification of anodic protection is based...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 0.008 0.3 0.005 0.2 Galvanic series in seawater Table 13.3 Galvanic series in seawater Series Metal Platinum Gold Silver Titanium Cr-Ni stainless steels, passive Straight Cr stainless steels, passive Ni-Cu alloys (Monels) Ni-Cr-Fe alloys (Inconels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter lays the groundwork for understanding electrode kinetics associated with corrosion. It presents a simple but useful theory relating kinetics to the polarization behavior of half-cell reactions. The theory is based on the observation that electrode potentials vary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... through the use of an intermediate material called Kovar®, which can be fused to the glass and soldered to the base-metal assembly. Induction is used to provide even heating around the joint between the two materials so that the expansion and contraction are uniform. A lead-tin alloy is generally used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...-silicon) alloys, some 4 xxx alloys (e.g., 4032 and 4643) have magnesium additions that make the alloys heat treatable with strengthening from Mg 2 Si. Heat treatments for wrought and cast cobalt-base alloys Table 11 Heat treatments for wrought and cast cobalt-base alloys Alloy Annealing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...-casting industry. Regular die materials do not experience early cracking failures from repeated thermal cycling. Expensive Grade 7 and 11 alloys are traditionally used in uninhibited reducing acids and hot acidic (and oxidizing) halide environments. Other platinum-group metals and lower-cost titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and Alloys in Certain Corrosion Rates Corrosion Allowance One possibility shown in Fig. 1 is that the metal is immune in an environment. Metals known to display this immunity are called noble metals and include, for example, gold, silver, and platinum. For a combination of metal and environment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... (passive) Type 316 stainless steel (passive) Incoloy alloy 825 Inconel alloy 625 Hastelloy alloy C Chlorimet 3 Silver Titanium Graphite Gold Platinum Protected end (cathodic, or most noble) Note: ETP, electrolytic tough pitch Because most engineering...