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plating defect

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... treatment Quench cracks Overheating Undertempering Surface treatment Improper cleaning Improper plating Improper post treatment Assembly Defective joining Misorientation and misalignment Inadequate support Improper tightening Improper balancing Damages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Metallurgy Residual Elements and Cleanliness Rolling Aluminum Plate and Sheet Titanium Melting Titanium Primary Fabrication Types of Rolling Mills Rolls Defects in Rolling Rolling of Steels Hot Rolling of Steels Cold Rolling and Annealing of Steels Rimmed Steels Capped...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
...-state transformation steel stress concentration weld defects welded joints FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material by melting a portion of each and allowing the liquefied portions to solidify together. One distinguishing feature of all fusion welding processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Technology Defects in Titanium Ingots General Aspects Reduction to Billet Bar, Plate, Sheet, Strip, Wire, and Tubing Extrusion Role of Surface in Titanium Processing Properties of Mill Products Titanium is extracted from ores, such as rutile, where the form of titanium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Rolling temperatures for selected titanium alloys Table 9.2 Rolling temperatures for selected titanium alloys Alloy Rolling temperature, °C (°F) Bar Plate Sheet Commercially pure 760–815 (1400–1500) 760–790 (1400–1450) 705–760 (1300–1400) Alpha or near-alpha Ti-5Al...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
...Common failure modes in deformation processing Table 1 Common failure modes in deformation processing Temperature regime Metallurgical defects in: Cast grain structure Wrought (recrystallized) grain structure Cold working (a) Free surface fracture, dead metal zones (shear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Typical defects in alloys Table 1 Typical defects in alloys Metallurgical microstructure Processing defects Operations defects Inclusions (oxides, sulfides, constituents) Casting pores Corrosion pits Large precipitates (carbides, intermetallics, dispersoids) Powder...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...) or that of a highly deformed product that originated from a continuously cast plate or bloom ( Fig. 11.51 ). During hot working, mechanical defects such as laps or folds are prone to occur if care is not taken with tooling design and process operations. Unless these defects are properly identified and removed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the steps in the primary processing of stainless steels: melting, refining, remelting, casting, and hot rolling. It provides information of the major categories of defects in hot rolled stainless steels, namely hot mill defects, inclusion-related defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... or other defects in terminations; surface texture X-ray inspection Die size; bond wire alignment; anomalies such as missing bond wires, missing die, or presence of contamination Material evaluation and characterization Termination plating materials, molding compound, attach materials, coatings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... occur as a result of faulty furnace control during heat treating, improper plating that may result in unwanted hydrogen in high-strength steel, processing problems (e.g., forging laps, shuts, or undesirable grain structure), welding defects, and so forth. For example, a material defect, shown in Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
.... , and Schramm R. E. ( 1971 ). Defect annealing (4 to 295 K) after martensitic phase transformation in an Fe–29Ni alloy. Scr. Metall . 5 , 485 – 488 . 10.1016/0036-9748(71)90096-2 Ross N. H. D. and Crocker A. G. ( 1970 ). A generalized theory of martensite crystallography and its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., mm/min (in./min) 305–4,460 (12–175) … … Weld passes 4 6 15 (a) Difficult to avoid lack of fusion defects Typical weld parameters for plasma arc welds Table 12.5 Typical weld parameters for plasma arc welds Parameter (a) Thickness 3.2 mm (⅛ in.) 4.8 mm ( 3 16...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... in a finer lath or plate size in the martensite. Again, the same ideas apply. Rapid heating and repeated heating and cooling cycles produce smaller (finer) martensite microstructures. Grange ( Ref 8.3 ) demonstrated the beneficial effect of small austenite grain size on the mechanical properties of 8640...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... on its topside. The interposer is C4 solder bumped onto a package substrate having at least 12 (6-2-6) build-up layers [14] . Figure 3 Virtual cross section examples of package-level defects that are commonly imaged with 3D X-ray Microscopy tools [13] . Figure 5 Examples...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... strength in Ti-6Al-4V castings, which is related to the finer alpha plate structure produced. Elements having a small K -value, such as chromium, copper, iron, and manganese, are especially prone to produce such defects in titanium products. They partition to the liquid phase and lower its melting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... General Component Production Inspection Powder Metallurgy Disk Alloys Defects and Problems in P/M Superalloy Products General Mechanically Alloyed Superalloys Mechanical Alloying to Produce Powder Consolidation to Produce MA Components Mechanically Alloyed Product Availability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Chemical analyses of steels and weld deposit Table 5 Chemical analyses of steels and weld deposit Sample Analysis, wt% C Mn Si P S Ni Cr Mo Al Fe Plate 1 0.25 0.88 <0.05 0.029 0.036 <0.05 <0.05 <0.03 <0.01 bal Plate 2 0.21 0.83 <0.05 0.03...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... obtained in transvarestraint tests at 4% augmented strain. Source: Ref 53 , 54 Fig. 2 Wormhole or piping porosity in weld metal deposited by submerged arc welding. Plate is 19 mm thick. Fig. 3 Overview of pipe section. Cracking is visible on right end of the pipe at the toe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... be achieved. It explains how to determine strip width and bending sequences and identifies the cause of common roll-forming defects. It also discusses the selection of roll materials and explains how software helps simplify the design of roll forming lines. forming equipment roll forming IN ITS...