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planar grinding

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... general steps as those of wrought material, that is, sectioning, mounting, planar grinding, polishing, microscopy, and analysis. An exception is that chemical etching of the TSC is not typically done prior to microscopy. As described in other sources, the magnitude and direction of forces during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... Recipe 1 sample preparation example Step Cloth Abrasive Lubricant Speed, RPM Force per sample, N Time, minutes Planar grinding MD Piano 120 Bonded diamond Water 300 30 3 Fine grinding I MD Piano 220 Bonded diamond Water 300 20 3 Polishing I MD Largo 9 μm diamond...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... will reduce planar grinding time and steps. Even best cutting surface leaves grooves, tear out, and other surface damage. Subsequently, any evaluation of the coating microstructure must be carried out at a point beyond the plane of induced damage. To remove sectioning damage, planar grinding of the sectioned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.9781627084284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... improvement in the viscosity of the epoxy. As with the preparation for all thermal spray coatings, sufficient material must be removed during the planar grinding stage to ensure that all sectioning damage has been removed. While all laboratories indicated a planar grinding step, one laboratory went as far...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... 6.5 ). These are custom made for the purpose of ultrathin-section development. The purpose of this type of vise is to increase the surface area that is in contact with the grinding/polishing surface and to provide a holder for the sample. This provides excellent control of the sample and planar...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., often called planar grinding , has the second goal of making all of the specimen surfaces coplanar. This process requires a special purpose machine because the stone must rotate at a high speed, ≥1500 rpm, to cut effectively. The stone must be dressed regularly with a diamond tool to maintain flatness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... can reveal different microstructural features if polished longitudinal, transverse, planar, or in some other orientation. Contamination of the specimen can easily take place during sectioning, grinding, and polishing by the accumulation of debris; for example, silicon carbide, diamond, or aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... the sample surface so it will not contact the grinding and polishing surfaces. Mounting Composite Samples in Casting Resins Fragile materials, multiple samples, samples with surface features, and thin samples require support to ensure a flat planar surface. Also, in many cases, the area that must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...,” in this book. The grinding process is also used to adjust the level where the information is desired. If the sample is ground too much, the area where the analysis was desired may be lost. Rough grinding is essential to make the surface planar, but overgrinding can lead to difficulties and complications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... will destroy the polishing cloth and cause significant damage to the sample. To make these types of specimens ready for grinding and final polishing, it is necessary that the honeycomb is impregnated with a mounting resin. This is accomplished using a thin abrasive blade and making cuts through the honeycomb...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to prepare metallographic samples for light microscopy and how to anticipate and avoid related problems. It describes standard practices and procedures for sectioning, mounting, grinding, and polishing and identifies common defects along with their causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... grinding, and etching. It describes macrographic etchants and the features they reveal along with common etching problems and how to avoid them. It explains how to evaluate etching results and how they can be improved using remedial processes such as light grinding. It also discusses photographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... For dopant profile analysis using electron holography thicker (<160 nm) [30] sections are preferred. Planar (or Plan View) vs. Cross-Section TEM Planar and cross-section STEM images of a silicide spike are shown in Figure 2 . In planar TEM analysis, the thin section is parallel to the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... only detects flaws that are open to the surface, abrasive cleaning methods may peen over fine, surface-breaking cracks. This problem can arise when penetrants are used to chase fine hairline cracks or incomplete fusion with grinding. Magnetic Particle Testing Magnetic particle testing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... discusses the mechanics and tribology of surface grinding and other forms of abrasive machining. chip formation crater wear cutting fluids cutting force cutting speed cutting tool materials cutting tool wear flank wear grinding grinding fluids lubrication machining metal removal milling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... to melt the liquid. Virtually every concentrated heat source has been used for fusion welding. However, many of the characteristics of each type of heat source are determined by its intensity. For example, when considering a planar heat source diffusing into a very thick slab, the surface temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... All welded structures contain imperfections to some level of examination, and the joint itself is a discontinuity in the structure. Welding imperfections ( Fig. 1 ) fall in three broad categories: planar imperfections, volumetric imperfections, and geometrical imperfections. Fig. 1 Defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7