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plain carbon steel

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... for making steel: the electric arc furnace and the basic oxygen furnace. It also provides information on the classification and specifications for various steels, namely, plain carbon steels, low-carbon steels, medium-carbon plain carbon steels, and high-carbon plain carbon steels. The chapter concludes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
...Carbides claimed to have formed during tempering of plain carbon steels Table 5-1 Carbides claimed to have formed during tempering of plain carbon steels Designation Name and structure Composition η, eta orthorhombic Fe 2 C (a) (b) (c) χ, chi Hägg carbide monoclinic Fe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
...Abstract Abstract Steel is broadly classified as plain-carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and high-alloy steels. This chapter begins by describing microconstituents of low- and medium-carbon steel, including bainite and martensite. This is followed by a section discussing the effect of alloying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...Abstract Abstract The water-hardening steels are either essentially plain carbon steels or very low-alloy carbon steels. As a result, the water-hardening tool steels are the least expensive of tool steels and require strict control of processing and heat treatment to achieve good properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... embrittlement, and the effect of wt% carbon on toughness. It also explains how alloying elements improve the hardenability and tempering response of plain carbon steels. alloying elements ductility hardenability steels tempering toughness THE IMPORTANCE OF TEMPERING can be illustrated through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... It also includes labels identifying the microconstituents that form in plain carbon steels under rapid quenching conditions. cementite iron-carbon phase diagram microstructure ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons. Selected References Selected References • Davis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.9781627083539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... the presence of carbides during austenitization; plain carbon and low-alloy steels do not. This chapter describes the austenitization process used in each of the two cases, namely single-phase austenitization (the accepted method for plain carbon low-alloy steels) and two-phase austenitization (required...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... SAE/AISI alloy steels high-fracture-toughness steels maraging steels austenitic manganese steels high-strength low-alloy steels dual-phase steels transformation-induced plasticity steels nominal composition ALTHOUGH PLAIN CARBON STEELS are widely used, they are not adequate for all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
...Abstract Abstract This appendix is a compilation of terms and definitions related to the heat treatment of plain carbon and low-alloy steels. A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U This glossary is reproduced from G. Krauss...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... on plain carbon steel than on alloy steel for the same cycle time and temperature. However, the metallurgy will be completely different in terms of both surface compound layer and diffusion zone. Beneath the compound zone at nitriding temperature, the nitrogen dissolves into the α-iron and also reacts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... These groups of columns will be of primary interest because they contain most of the alloying elements found in steels. The discussion to this point has been restricted to plain carbon steels. The code for classifying these steels in the United States was developed by two professional organizations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... formed from martensite. Note that it is a two phase mixture. The structure consists of small rounded carbide particles in the ferrite grains. Eutectoid temperature and composition The temperature at which α, γ and Fe 3 C are in equilibrium. In plain carbon steels, it is about 723°C. The eutectoid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Abstract Abstract Martensitic stainless steels are essentially iron-chromium-carbon alloys that possess a body-centered tetragonal crystal structure (martensitic) in the hardened condition. Martensitic stainless steels are similar to plain carbon or low-alloy steels that are austenitized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.... The kinetics of decomposition of austenite and the resultant phases formed in plain carbon steel depends on how fast carbon atoms diffuse through it. If the steel is rapidly supercooled to a low temperature such that the rate of diffusion is very low, an altogether different microstructure evolves...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
..., both bars are fully martensitic, and both bars have the same hardness. This means that the chromium addition in 5160 has not changed the hardness of the fresh martensite. Figure 4.13 presents the hardness of fresh martensite versus the %C in steel. This curve applies to both plain carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... are the chemical element symbols for iron and carbon, and X can be thought of as third-element additions and impurities. In the United States, most steels are classified by a code developed by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI). It is customary to partition steel compositions into two categories: plain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... 0.06 0.06 0.06 (a) Up to 1% Si, 1.5% Cr, or 0.5% Mo Fig. 22 Effect of tempering temperature on hardness of plain carbon versus an alloy steel of the same carbon content; all specimens were 25 mm (1 in.) diameter. The AISI 4140 steel was oil quenched from 855 °C (1575 °F); the AISI...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
...Abstract Abstract Modern gears are made from a wide variety of materials. Of all these, steel has the outstanding characteristics of high strength per unit volume and low cost per pound. Although both plain carbon and alloy steels with equal hardness exhibit equal tensile strengths, alloy...