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pitting corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., including general corrosion, under-deposit corrosion, microbially induced corrosion, flow-accelerated corrosion, stress-assisted corrosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, oxygen pitting, stress-corrosion cracking, and caustic embrittlement. The discussion is supported by several illustrations and relevant...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter concentrates on the better-known and widely studied phenomenon of pitting corrosion of passive metals. The discussion focuses on different parameters that influence pitting corrosion, namely environment, metal composition, potential, temperature, surface condition, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of aluminum alloys. Emphasis is placed on the effect of constituent particles on pitting corrosion of aluminum. corrosion aluminum alloys aluminum THE METALLURGICAL EFFECTS on corrosion of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... alloys. Some categories of corrosion covered are pitting, crevice, intergranular, stress-corrosion cracking, general, and high-temperature corrosion. stainless steels nickel alloys corrosion resistance alloying elements pitting corrosion crevice corrosion intergranular corrosion stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-walled aluminum food containers, however, are coated to resist perforation ( Ref 1 ). Corrosion resistance of a material must be defined in terms of the use of the material. For example, a pinhole perforation in a thin-walled food or beverage container is a corrosion failure, whereas pits of the same...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ’86 Conference , the Hague, Netherlands , Oct 1986 15. “ Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by the Use of Ferric Chloride Solution ,” G 48, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing and Materials 16...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... out by Brown ( Ref 1 ) and has gained general acceptance ( Ref 2 ) due to the striking similarities in the chemical composition and behavior of occluded regions such as crevices, pits, cracks, and exfoliation sites. Thus, one can consider a crevice as a generic occluded system. Crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... highly localized such as pitting or crevice attack and may be difficult to detect. The chapter, “ Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion ,” discusses the interactions of the biofilms that form on virtually all structural metals and alloys immersed in aqueous environments. These interactions can lead...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Zhang H.-J. and Dexter S.C. , Effect of Biofilms on Critical Pitting Potentials for Stainless Steels S30400 and S31600 in Seawater , Proc. 1995 International Conference on Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion , May 1995 ( New Orleans, LA ), Angel P. et al. , Ed., NACE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... level or the type of chemical used. Typically, pipeline systems are treated for management of general corrosion, although most failures actually result from localized (pitting) corrosion. Corrosion measurement and assessment in unpiggable pipelines presently relies on internal corrosion direct...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Corrosion Products Formed in Humid Tropical Climate ,” Paper 03602, 58th Annual Conference, Corrosion 2003 , NACE, 2003 47. Szklarska-Smialovwska Z. , Review of Literature on Pitting Corrosion Published Since 1960 , Corrosion , Vol 27 ( No. 6 ), 1971 , p 223 – 233 10.5006/0010-9312...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... contaminated with oxygen, CO 2 , and/or H 2 S, and some can become thermally unstable and liberate corrosive species in situ. Particularly damaging in these situations is the fact that corrosion is likely to be localized leading to pitting, local area attack, crevice corrosion, and/or stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Handbook . Although the features causing SCC initiation, such as pits, fabrication defects, and intergranular corrosion, are observed and identified easily, there are few well-developed models of SCC initiation. This lack of models for crack initiation mechanisms is the result of several...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... definition for a “super” stainless steel. The relative resistance of a stainless steel to chloride pitting and crevice corrosion can be related to an alloy composition by an empirical formula called the pitting resistance equivalent number (PREN). Over the years, various PREN expressions have been...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... metals rank as a high-risk combination for galvanic corrosion. The aluminum section was rapidly pitted, once sharp fragments of tooth enamel first wore away the synthetic fluorine-containing resin. Fig. 10 Initiation of corrosion (white rust) on galvanized ducting by water droplets, accelerated by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... originating from the inside surface of the weld metal and the base metal. ID, inside diameter. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 4 Photograph of inside surface of a pipe showing 38 mm (1.5 in.) stress-corrosion crack (A) next to and parallel to a circumferential weld. Also shown are shallow corrosion pits (B...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Simulated Stress Corrosion Crack Environments , Br. Corros. J. , Vol 24 , 1989 , p 143 – 148 10.1179/000705989798270261 3. Williams D.E. , Newman R.C. , Song Q. , and Kelly R.G. , Passivity Breakdown and Pitting Corrosion of Binary-Alloys , Nature , Vol 350 , 1991 , p...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... experienced localized pitting corrosion even before the anticipated service ( Fig. 1 ). The damage occurred during storage, because the new (replacement) stainless steel pipe sections were in direct contact with mists of brackish water that arose in an unsheltered location immediately adjacent to a marine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... access to online data from which they can gage their relative impact on corrosion. To accomplish the aforementioned paradigm shift in corrosion technology, plant engineers are using new real-time, online measurement technologies (e.g., monitoring of electrochemical corrosion and pitting, advanced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., may suffer two main types of corrosion: uniform corrosion and localized corrosion. Uniform corrosion may happen under reducing conditions in the active region of potentials and also under oxidizing conditions in the form of a slow, passive corrosion. Localized corrosion, such as pitting and...