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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Abstract This chapter reviews weld corrosion in three key application areas: petroleum refining and petrochemical operations, boiling water reactor piping systems, and components used in pulp and paper plants. The discussion of each area addresses general design and service characteristics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... and mitigation techniques corresponding to a wide range of issues related to stress, sensitization, and operating conditions. pipe welds stainless steel steel pipe stress-corrosion cracking welded boiling water reactor FOR OVER THIRTY YEARS, boiling water reactor (BWR) piping systems fabricated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... systems SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES HAVE BEEN made in nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technology as applied to boiling water reactor (BWR) piping systems. This success is a direct outgrowth of efforts to overcome the difficult examination problem of detection and sizing of intergranular stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... on Materials Engineering, I. Mech. E. & P.R.I. , Nov 5–7, 1985 4.10 Ulrich R. and Friedrich R. , Fiber Reinforced Plastic Pipe Tee , U.S. Patent 4,601,770 , Sept 19, 1983 This chapter discusses the ways in which the evolution of filament winding software systems has capitalized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... material selection. In addition to the stated technical factors, changes in market, industry, and political climate can greatly affect the relative costs and ranking of materials. The relative costs of installed piping systems produced from various materials are presented in Table 3 . The effects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... P. , and Jacobus J. , The Impact of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria on Welded Copper-Nickel Seawater Piping Systems , Mater. Perform. , Vol 27 ( No. 8 ), 1988 , p 57 – 61 62. Soracco R.J. , Pope D.H. , Eggars J.M. , and Effinger T.N. , Microbiologically Influenced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Protection , Corrosion Basics: An Introduction , Van Delinder L.S. , Ed., NACE International , 1984 • Cathodic Protection Criteria—A Literature Survey , NACE International , 1989 • Cathodic Protection Monitoring for Underground Piping Systems , NACE International , 1998...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... National Standards Institute Great Britain British Standards Institution BS 3351: Piping Systems for Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants Tanks United States American Petroleum Institute API 620: Recommended Rules for Design and Construction of Large Welded Low Pressure Storage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Fusion Welded Pressure Vessels ,” 2003 3. API 510, “ Pressure Vessel Inspection Code: Maintenance Inspection, Rating, Repair, and Alteration ,” American Petroleum Institute, 1997 4. API 570, “ Piping Inspection Code: Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Rerating of In-service Piping Systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Blast Cleaning, ” NACE No. 2/SSPC-SP 10 (latest revision), NACE 35. “ Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems, ” RP0169-96, NACE International 36. Lukezich S.J. , Hancock J.R. , and Yen B.C. , “ State of the Art for the Use of Anti...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... to the relatively low cost and ease with which PVC piping systems can be constructed. The PVC pipes and joints are typically solvent cemented. Leaks in PVC joints can be induced by the following causes: There are various types of PVC, and each requires a specific solvent and primer. If the wrong solvent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... “ Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping System ,” API 14E, 3rd ed. , American Petroleum Institute , Dec 1981 34. NACE Material Recommendation MR-01-75-94, NACE International, 1994 35. Efird K.D. , Petroleum Testing , Corrosion Tests...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ) or even to such extraneous items as valves or pumps in a piping system. Fig. 1 Schematic showing how breaks in mill scale (Fe 3 O 4 ) can lead to galvanic corrosion of steel Two types of metallic coatings are used in engineering design: noble metal coatings and sacrificial metal coatings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... into process or service (steam, cooling water, and so on) streams, causing widespread cracking of piping, heat exchanger tube bundles, and other equipment. Under these conditions, even pure aluminum and pure copper are susceptible. With regard to the titanium system, the commercially pure grades used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... exchangers, piping systems, tanks, vessels Titanium Finishing Co. 248 Main St. P.O. Drawer 22 East Greenville, PA 18041 Tel: 215-679-4182 Fax: 215-679-2399 High-technology metal finishing services Titanium Hearth Technologies 900 Hemlock Rd. Morgantown Business Park Morgantown, PA 19543 Tel: 610-286...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... and cooling cycles simply cause distortion of the curves, rather than forming tensile residual stresses upon cooling. Expansion loops and bellows in elevated-temperature piping and tubing systems operate on this principle. Thermal-fatigue cracks usually initiate at the surface and then propagate oriented...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... The leak-before-break design approach is prevalent in pressure-containing equipment such as pressure vessels and piping used in nuclear and fossil fuel power generation plants, refineries, and chemical plants. Failure analysis and life assessment of pressure-containing systems is essential. Although leak...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Gas turbines Steam turbines Piping systems Heat exchangers Flue gas desulphurization systems Chemical processing industries Pressure and reaction vessels Heat exchangers Pipe and fittings Liners Tubing Pumps Condensers Valves, ducting, and filters...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... as encountered in applications involving oil and gas exploration and production. This is followed by a section reviewing the methods of corrosion control, namely the proper selection of materials, protective coatings, cathodic protection systems, use of inhibitors, use of nonmetallic materials, and control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
.... It should be recognized that excess root penetration can interrupt fluid flow close to the wall of a pipe in high-flow-rate operation, leading to impingement corrosion downstream of the weld. Alternatively, in low-velocity oil and gas systems where the water content is entrained in the bulk fluid...