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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Abstract This chapter discusses the growing use of sintered stainless steels in automotive applications and various types of filters and filtering media. It also describes how these materials are produced in the form of metal foams and cellular structures and how they serve as flake pigments...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... absorption. Other additives, such as pigments, also change the absorption characteristics of the material. The effect of adding a UV stabilizer to a polyester is illustrated in Fig. 2 . The addition of pigment can act as a UV screen to varying degrees. Therefore, an unpigmented material would seem...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... is achieved by the addition of inhibitive pigments to paints. Sacrificial protection is achieved by coating the substrate with a more active metal. This results in the substrate becoming the cathode in the corrosion cell. Galvanized steel, which is comprised of a thin layer of metallic zinc over a steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... incorporated into the prime coat of paint may also have a considerable protective influence. Inhibitive pigments in paint primers are successful inhibitors except when they dissolve sufficiently to leave holes in the paint film. Most paint primers contain a partially soluble inhibitive pigment such as zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... C B C Wax-base pastes (b) B B B A B B C B A Heavy-duty emulsions (c) B NR B A B B NR A B Dry film (wax or soap plus borax) B B B NR B A B NR A Pigmented pastes (b) (d) B NR A B A C NR NR NR Sulfurized or sulfochlorinated oils (e) A A B...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... selected contaminants Type of production In-process cleaning Preparation for painting Preparation for phosphating Preparation for plating Removal of pigmented drawing compounds (a) Occasional or intermittent Hot emulsion hand slush, spray emulsion in single stage, vapor slush degrease...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and cobalt coatings. Nonmetallurgical uses include the use of cobalt compounds in chemicals (for example, pigments, catalysts, driers, and adhesives) and electronic applications (for example, cobalt-containing magnetic recording media and batteries). Consumption statistics for cobalt are listed in Tables 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., particularly by acids ( Ref 7 ). Organic polymers are also degraded by oxygen in the presence of ultraviolet radiation. The rate of this photo-oxidation may be decreased by the addition of pigments, such as carbon black or UV stabilizers (such as derivatives of hydroxy benzophenone). These additives may...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... with stamped sheet metal and die castings. Thermoplastic molding compounds usually include pigments, fillers, mold release agents, and lubricants, and may occasionally contain other additives for special purposes. Their corrosion resistance and molded-in color also provide design advantages. The list...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... uses a chromate conversion layer covered by organic paint coats. The primer coat might contain chromate pigments for further corrosion protection. The chromate conversion layer is formed by immersion into an acidic bath containing dichromate, fluoride, and ferricyanide. The fluoride destabilizes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of aluminum oxide. This film is then normally immersed in boiling water to seal the porosity and render the film impermeable ( Ref 1 ). Before sealing, the film can be colored by impregnation with dyes or pigments. Special electrolytes are sometimes used to produce colored anodic films directly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...-carbon bonds of polymers can be broken by ultraviolet radiation; carbon black, titanium dioxide, and other pigments often are added to block sunlight. Dyes do not perform this function. Other examples of additives are fillers such as wood flour and silica, which often are used to decrease price; and hard...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... It is susceptible to galvanic corrosion and is widely used for galvanic anodes in cathodic protection as a sacrificial coating (for example, galvanizing or electroplating) and as a metallic pigment in certain paints and coatings. Copper and its alloys occupy an intermediate position in the galvanic series...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... at greater than 2.5┬░ is measured as haze. Haze results from the diffuse scattering from internal material inhomogeneities such as density differences, fillers, pigments, and voids. With the described setup, accuracies of 0.1 to 0.3% can be obtained. However, if haze is greater than 30%, ASTM E 167 should...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... surface. Gel coats can also be pigmented to provide the cured part with a variety of colors. Some manufacturers also use a fine mat or woven cloth (veil) as the first ply to further enhance surface finish. Veils, which are used primarily for surface plies, consist of thin weaves with very fine fibers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... for nonstructural applications (e.g., paints, pigments, and explosives). Aluminum P/M parts are produced by pressing and sintering of atomized powders or by vacuum hot pressing or hot isostatically pressing aluminum powders into billets, which are subsequently rolled, extruded, or forged. Aluminum is used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... In the early 1950s, a number of large companies helped to meet the challenge to produce titanium. In most cases, new organizations were formed to combine technical expertise with metal production facilities. The companies formed were normally a combination of a pigment company with the chemical expertise...