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physical vapor deposition

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... coefficient of thermal expansion crystal structure enthalpy heat capacity nuclear properties physical properties thermal conductivity thermal diffusivity vapor pressure References Armstrong R.W. , and Borch N.R. , 1971 . “ Thermal Microstresses in Beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... or vapor deposition. In some applications, aluminum alloy parts, assemblies, structures, and pipelines are cathodically protected by anodes either made of more anodic metals or made anodic by using impressed potentials. In either case, because the usual cathodic reaction produces hydroxyl ions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... galling wear physical vapor deposition plating sheet metal forming thermal diffusion coating tool wear wear resistance A STAMPING TOOL must be replaced or repaired periodically, when it fails to produce parts within the specified tolerance and/or required surface quality. This is mainly caused...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes surface modification processes that go beyond conventional heat treatments, including plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, low-pressure carburizing, ion implantation, physical and chemical vapor deposition, salt bath coating, and transformation hardening via high-energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses coating technologies that are applicable to beryllium, including physical and chemical vapor deposition, thermal evaporation, electroplating, sputtering, ion plating, and plasma arc spraying. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of each method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... coatings and various pack cementation and deposition processes. It also discusses the selection and use of industrial paints and paint application methods. buffing cleaning coating honing mass finishing SURFACE FINISHES AND COATINGS are used in a variety of ways to improve the material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and tubing 304/316 stainless steel Cement Cooler grates Cast, heat resistant stainless steels (e.g., HP or HK) The vapor deposition processes fall into two major categories—physical vapor deposition (PVD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The major vapor deposition processes are sputtering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... limitations for inorganic (metal and ceramic) coating processes TRD, thermoreactive deposition/diffusion process; CVD, chemical vapor deposition; PVD, physical vapor deposition References 1. Kovacs W.L. , Commercial and Economic Trends in Ion Nitriding/Carburizing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... on Fig. 12.1 Estimate of the relative use of material modifications to surfaces to (a) lubricate/alter function or appearance and (b) harden surfaces/bulk material. PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene; PFA, perfluoroalkoxy; DLC, diamond-like carbon; PVD, physical vapor deposition; HVOF, high-velocity oxyfuel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching, ion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the production and use of titanium and its significance as an engineering material. It begins by identifying important deposits and ores and assessing current and future production capacities and how they align with global consumption trends...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-crystal SiC w whiskers ( Fig. 20.4 ) made by vapor deposition processes or from rice hulls. They have better mechanical properties than particulate-reinforced MMCs, but whiskers are more expensive than particles, they are more difficult to distribute uniformly in the matrix, and they raise health hazard...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... wear resistance in tooling applications Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) Improved wear (e.g., tools and dies), erosion, and corrosion resistance; also used for epitaxial growth of semiconductors Physical vapor deposition (PVD) Improved wear (e.g., tools and dies) and corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-film diamond coatings work well when machining aluminum but are totally ineffective with ferrous alloys. Fig. 11.10 Hardness of various physical vapor deposition (PVD) coatings and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) coatings used for tooling materials. Source: Ref 11.9 The primary methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... The coatings used involve aluminide coatings, overlay MCrAlY coatings by vapor deposition processes (e.g., electron beam physical vapor deposition), and ceramic thermal barrier coatings (e.g., stabilized ZrO 2 ). Coatings are considered sacrificial and are to be replaced periodically. ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... graphite/aluminum composites is to deposit the aluminum matrix directly onto the individual graphite fibers by physical vapor deposition (PVD) or by magnetron sputtering ( Ref 7 , 8 ). The flexible alloycoated fibers are arranged in the desired orientations and consolidated by diffusion bonding. The PVD...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... fiber-to-matrix bond required for toughness. The coatings ( Fig. 11.14 ), ranging in thickness from 0.1 to 1.0 μm, are applied directly to the fibers prior to processing, usually by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The CVD produces coatings of relatively uniform thickness, composition, and structure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... alloys. Fig. 22.20 Hardness of coatings for tool materials. PVD, physical vapor deposition; CVD, chemical vapor deposition The primary methods of applying coatings to cutting tools are chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD). Typical PVD coatings on carbide...