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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... phenomena in carbon and low-alloy steels and relates these causes to fracture surface characteristics. Embrittlement implies a processed microstructural condition that creates lower toughness than expected for a steel ( Ref 19.4 ). For example, a generally valid rule for coupling properties and toughness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter examines the phenomena of deformation and fracture in metals, providing readers with an understanding of why it occurs and how it can be prevented. It begins with a detailed review of tension and compression stress-strain curves, explaining how they are produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of a DRAM product. If there was a bitline short, one of the adjacent bitlines would also appear dark. Abstract Abstract This chapter provides a comprehensive overview over all phenomena related to Voltage Contrast (VC) mechanisms in SEM and FIB. The multiple advantages, possibilities, and limits...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
.... The effects of cryogenic temperatures on the mechanical properties of metals and alloys are reviewed in this chapter; the effects on polymers and glasses are discussed briefly. The fundamental mechanisms controlling temperature-dependent mechanical behavior, phenomena encountered in low-temperature testing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... corrosion pit. Source: Ref 17 Abstract Abstract Environmentally assisted cracking is a generic term that includes various cracking phenomena such as stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue cracking, and liquid-metal embrittlement. This chapter describes these cracking mechanisms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Abstract Abstract An induction heating system consists of a source of alternating current (ac), an induction coil, and the workpiece to be heated. This chapter describes the basic phenomena underlying induction heating with respect to the interactions between the coil and the workpiece...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on creep-rupture failure, or more precisely, the time required for such a failure to occur at a given stress and temperature. It begins with a review of creep-rupture phenomena and the various ways creep-rupture data are presented and analyzed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... , Elements of Physical Metallurgy , 2nd ed. , Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. , Reading, MA , 1960 , p 1 Uniform corrosion processes include many corrosion phenomena that are encountered in the practice of corrosion engineering and corrosion science. The majority of those phenomena deal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... One of the themes that emerges repeatedly is the confusion that has arisen in the terminology used in physical metallurgy. Different terms are used for the same phenomenon, one term is used for different phenomena, and many terms are used imprecisely. This applies even to some of the terms used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of these conditions in the plant, depending upon the local conditions of pressure, temperature, and chemical environment. The capacity, reliability, efficiency, availability, and safety of plants depend critically on the integrity of the components and materials employed. A number of damage phenomena...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... by heat treatments. It also provides information on residual stress evaluation and prediction techniques. distortion heat treatment residual tensile stress CHAPTER 19, “Low Toughness and Embrittlement Phenomena in Steels,” in this book describes causes of low toughness and embrittlement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... These discontinuities characterize the various embrittlement phenomena that occur in hardened steels under conditions of tensile and bending loading. Hardness measurements, based on penetration of various types of indenters under various loading conditions, are a result of compressive and shear stresses and rarely...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... as the supersaturation of as-quenched martensite is relieved and equilibrium mixtures of phases are approached with increased tempering intensity. Embrittlement phenomena that develop on tempering and additional characterization of quenched and tempered steel mechanical behavior are presented in later chapters...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.... , “ Kaltgasspritzen von Ermüdungsfesten Titanschichten ,” Ph.D. thesis, Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg, 2013; Shaker Verlag, Aachen, Germany, 2013 Bonding and deposition in cold spraying are understood to be closely connected to the thermomechanical phenomena pertaining to high-velocity impact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., therefore, hardness decreases steadily with increasing tempering temperature in the manner illustrated in Fig. 10.3 (Part 3) (i) . The effects of the various phenomena discussed consequently cannot be distinguished by hardness tests. The hardness of untempered martensite depends almost solely on carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... of the Second Meersburg Conf. on Rain Erosion and Allied Phenomena , 16–18 Aug 1967 , Royal Aircraft Establishment , Farnborough, England 20. Fyall A.A. and King R.B. , Ed., Proc. of the Third International Conf. on Rain Erosion and Allied Phenomena , Royal Aircraft Establishment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... 9.3 Schematic diagram of a continuous casting tundish and various tundish phenomena that relate to inclusion formation. Source: Ref 9.5 Fig. 9.4 Schematic diagram of a continuous slab casting mold and early-stage mold solidification phenomena. Source: Ref 9.11 . Many inclusions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
..., segregation phenomena that are responsible for various types of brittle grain boundary fracture in steels as discussed in Chapter 19, “Low Toughness and Embrittlement Phenomena in Steel.” Transmission Electron Microscopes The analytical techniques discussed above all involve examination of specimen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... A schematic illustrating some of the important phenomena operative during SIMS analysis. Shown are the production of positive and negative ions as well as neutrals and electrons. Figure 7 An example of the resolving power of GFIS SIMS on a BAM L200 standard composed of layered GaAs and AlAs...