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phase equilibria

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of a computational method, called CALPHAD, used for the study of phase equilibria in multicomponent systems. It describes the thermodynamic models and calculation techniques employed in the software and explains how it applies to complex alloys used in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Alloys: A Comprehensive Compendium of Evaluated Constitutional Data and Phase Diagrams , 15 volumes, Wiley-VCH , 1989–1996 • Predel B. , Ed., Landolt-Börnstein Series , Madelung O. (Editor-in-Chief), Vol IV/5: Phase Equilibria, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data of Binary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... three-phase equilibria extend over a region rather than being limited to a line or point, as in a one-component diagram. This behavior is shown in the P - T section at constant composition ( Fig. 4.1b ). It is often useful to have a section at constant temperature through the P - T - X diagram. A P...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... that stainless steels cannot be hardened by heat treatment. As a result, they are highly sensitive to processing-induced defects and the formation of detrimental phases. The chapter explains how alloy design, phase equilibria, microstructure, and thermomechanical processing can be concurrently...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... isothermal and vertical sections as well as liquid projections. It also explains how diffusion couples provide a window into local equilibria and identifies typical phase diagram construction errors along with problems stemming from phase-boundary curvatures and congruent transformations. phase...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... V.G. , Phase Equilibria in Iron Ternary Alloys , Vol 4 , The Institute of Metals , London , 1988 Selected References • Baker H. , Introduction to Alloy Phase Diagrams , Alloy Phase Diagrams , Vol 3 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 ; reprinted in Desk Handbook...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Diagrams , Phase Diagrams , Vol 3 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 , reprinted in Desk Handbook: Phase Diagrams for Binary Alloys , 2nd ed. , Okamoto H. , Ed., ASM International , 2010 3.3 Prince A. , Alloy Phase Equilibria , Elsevier , 1966 10.1063/1.3047876...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... , 2007 , p 174 – 179 10.1007/s11669-007-9045-6 16. Gayle F.W. , Shapiro A.J. , Biancaniello F.S. , and Boettinger W.J. , The Al-Cu-Fe Phase Diagram: 0 to 25 At. Pct Fe and 50 to 75 At. Pct Al—Equilibria Involving the Icosahedral Phase , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 23 ( No. 9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... phase equilibria with two coexisting phases over a range of phase composition and temperatures (rather than at the thermal plateau of a pure metal). That is, the Fe-C binary system ( C = 2) at constant pressure ( F = 2) can have two equilibrium phases ( P = 2 – 2 + 2 = 2) with both composition and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Alloy Phase Diagrams , Vol 3 ASM Handbook, ASM International , 1992 3.13 Phase Equilibria in Iron Ternary Alloys , Raynor G.V. and Rivlin V.G. , Ed., Book 406, The Institute of Metals , London , 1988 3.14 Handbook of Ternary Alloy Phase Diagrams , Pillars P...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Equilibria in Iron Ternary Alloys , The Institute of Metals , London , 1988 7. Raghavan V. , Phase Diagrams of Ternary Iron Alloys, Part 1 , ASM International , 1987 8. Krauss G. , Steels: Heat Treatment and Processing Principles , ASM International , 1989 9. Samuels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... that this system of nomenclature was in use long before the phases, phase mixtures, and phase equilibria in iron and steel were clearly established, thus creating the considerable confusion in interpretation of the microstructures of ferrous alloys evident in many papers published around the turn of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , 1975 . Effect of Grain Size and Oxide Content on the Strength and Ductility of High-Purity Beryllium , submitted to Met. Trans. Myers S.M. , and Smugeresky J.E. , 1976 . Phase Equilibria and Diffusion in the Be-Al-Fe System Using High Energy Ion Beams , Metall. Mater. Trans. A...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Alloys containing elements that form volatile or low-melting-point halides are susceptible to high-temperature corrosion attack. This chapter explains how to determine whether such phases are likely to form, and the rate at which they occur, based on thermodynamic data and phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
..., and vacuum, and liquid-phase sintering processes. corrosion resistance microstructure sintered density sintering furnaces sintering tensile strength THE PRIMARY GOAL in stainless steel sintering is to obtain good corrosion resistance along with good mechanical properties and adequate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... temperature are called subcritical. Treatments involving holding at temperatures between A 1 and A 3 are normally called intercritical and usually are not classified as conventional heat treatments (see Chapter 10 ). Although it is possible to accurately determine the phase equilibria temperature using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... nitrocarburizing. It describes the primary objectives of each treatment along with processing sequences, process parameters, and related phase transformations. The chapter contains more than 100 images, including time-temperature diagrams, transformation curves, data plots, and detailed micro- and macrographs. It...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... peritectic reactions are almost never observed in practice. Fig. 6.1 Schematic of peritectic freezing Actually, the term peritectic , in the science of heterogeneous equilibria, has a broader meaning. The term may be used to define all reactions in which two or more phases (gas, liquid, solid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter begins by presenting a generic eutectic phase diagram and identifying critical points, lines, and features. It then describes the composition and properties of aluminum-silicon and lead-tin eutectic systems, the characteristics of eutectic morphologies, the solidification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... high-speed, water-hardening, shock-resistant, and hot and cold work tool steels. It discusses the influence of alloy design on the evolution of microstructure and properties during solidification, heat treating, and hardening operations. It also describes critical phase transformations and the effects...