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peritectic systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the phase transformations of peritectic alloy systems. It describes the processes involved with equilibrium and nonequilibrium freezing, the mechanisms of peritectic formation, and the resulting microstructures. It also discusses the formation of peritectic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
.... eutectic reactions peritectic reactions space model ternary phase diagram TERNARY SYSTEMS are those having three components. It is not possible to describe the composition of a ternary alloy with a single number or fraction, as was done with binary alloys, but the statement of two independent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... major eutectic systems include the aluminum-silicon eutectic system and the lead-tin eutectic system. The chapter discusses the construction of eutectic phase diagrams from free energy curves. It also provides information on peritectic, monotectic, and solid-state reactions in alloy systems. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... explains how steel shrinks as it solidifies, causing issues such as pipe and voids, and how differences in the solubility of solid and liquid steel lead to compositional heterogeneities or segregation. It describes the dendritic nature of solidification, peritectic and eutectic reactions, microporosity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the characteristics of eutectoid transformations, a type of solid-state transformation associated with invariant reactions, focusing on the iron-carbon system of steel. It describes the compositions, characteristics, and properties of ferrite, eutectoid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
..., Ni, Cr, V, Ti) and with metals such as Mg and Cu. This chapter is a compilation of phase diagrams, microstructure images, and tables, providing information on more than 30 binary, ternary, and quaternary alloy systems associated with intermetallic phases in aluminum-silicon castings. Each section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... 10.1016/0001-6160(80)90034-6 Figure 15.1 . This system has one incongruent melting compound, AgBe 2 . The compound melts peritectically at a temperature of 1010 °C (1850 °F), and it decomposes at temperatures below 760 °C (1400 °F). The eutectic between this compound and pure silver is at 880...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... system by which they are defined, and the applications for which they are suited. It then explains how primary alloying elements, second-phase constituents, and impurities affect yield strength, phase formation, and grain size and how they induce structural changes that help refine certain alloys. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the physical characteristics, properties, and behaviors of solid solutions under equilibrium conditions. It begins with a review of a single-component pure metal system and its unary phase diagram. It then examines the solid solution formed by copper and nickel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... 3.10 Woodyatt L.R. and Krauss G. , Iron-Chromium-Carbon System at 870 °C , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 7A , 1976 , p 983 – 989 10.1007/BF02644064 3.11 Bain E.C. and Paxton H.W. , Alloying Elements in Steel , 2nd ed. , American Society for Metals , 1961 3.12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... Aluminum-lead, aluminum-bismuth, and copper-lead systems are of this type, for example. In the peritectic reaction, on cooling, the liquid phase (L) reacts with one solid phase (S 1 ) to form another solid phase (S 2 ). The peritectic reaction can be summarized by the following equation: (Eq 2.14...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... (noncrystalline). A crystalline phase has a characteristic crystal structure and a definite composition range. A physical system may contain more than one phase. A glass of root beer with ice contains three phases: solid ice, a water-based solution, and bubbles of carbon dioxide. A material may contain more than...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... equilibrium system Al- i . The value of the GRF(λ 1 ) coefficient for i component in the peritectic Al- i alloys, estimated according to the data from Table 1.2 , is: GRF(λ 1 )Ti = 31, GRF(λ 1 )Zr = 5, and GRF(λ 1 )Cr = 0.5. It means that titanium is the most effective component in controlling the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... over measurements that involve changes in physical properties in that the microstructures can offer clues concerning invariant reactions. For example, a lamellar structure is indicative of the presence in the system of a eutectic reaction, and rimming is indicative of a peritectic reaction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... The Brimacombe Memorial Symposium , Irons G. A. and Cramb A. W. , Ed., The Metallurgical Society of CIM (MetSoc), 2000 19.10 Shibata H. , Arai Y. , Suzuki M. , and Emi T. , Kintetics of Peritectic Reaction and Transformation in Fe-C alloys , Metall. and Mater...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., such as a peritectic transformation. A congruent melting phase melts in the same manner as a pure metal. In this case, the phase diagram is divided into essentially independent sections. In Fig. 9.1 , the congruent melting β phase divides the lead-magnesium diagram into two separate eutectic reactions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
...°. For θ < 90°, wetting occurs, while θ > 90° represents a condition of nonwetting. Spreading may be defined as the condition where the liquid completely covers the solid surfaces. This condition occurs when θ approaches the value of 0°. For most brazing systems the optimum value of θ is in the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... phase change is different from reactions at the invariant points of phase transformation (e.g., a eutectic or peritectic), where any change in temperature or composition results in complete transformation of the parent into a matrix with a different crystal structure. Fig. 16.1 Equilibrium phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... ,” NED University, 2010 , www.materialrulz.weebly.com/uploads/7/9/5/1/795167/superalloys.pdf 3.18 “ Binary Phase Diagram of Cu-Zn System ,” Key To Metals AG, 2003 , http://www.totalmateria.com/ArticleImages/Fig69_1.gif 3.19 “ Binary Phase Diagram of Cu-Ni System ,” accessed October 2016...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6