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penetration mode

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... versus (b) keyhole welding mode. Source: Ref 4.7 Fig. 4.13 Single-pass deep-penetration autogenous laser butt weld in 14 mm (9/16 in.) A-710 steel plate. Macrograph shows the high depth-to-width ratio of the weld bead and the limited size of the heat-affected zone. Source: Ref 4.8...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... shielding gas. A true spray arc cannot be obtained with a shielding gas composed of more than 10 to 15% CO 2 . The spray transfer mode gives high heat input, maximum penetration, and a high deposition rate. In welding of steel, it generally is limited to welding in the flat position and the horizontal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... validation, product launch, and continuous improvement. This is followed by sections covering product-process flow diagrams and also the process elements considered for process failure mode and effects analysis. Some of the aspects covered by the engineering specifications to meet the product performance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... unit. The beam pattern from the search unit is determined by the operating frequency and size of the transducer element. Ultrasonic energy travels through the material at a specific velocity that is dependent on the physical properties of the material and on the mode of propagation of the ultrasonic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... ) 2 Inclusions W  Non-metallic slag(2b) 3 Lack of fusion (b) W 4 Lack of joint penetration (b) W 5 Undercut (b) BM 6 Underfill (b) W 7 Overlap (b) W 8 Laminations (b) BM 9 Delaminations (b) BM 10 Seams and laps (b) BM 11 Lamellar tears BM 12...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
...Abstract Abstract After the fault-tree, a failure-cause identification method has identified potential failure causes and the failure analysis team has prepared a failure mode assessment and assignment (FMA&A). The team knows specifically what to search for when examining components...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... penetrant inspection, ultrasonic inspection, and electromagnetic inspection. Eddy current and magnetic permeability are also covered. electromagnetic inspection eddy current system flaws liquid penetrant inspection magnetic particle inspection steel bar steel wire ultrasonic inspection visual...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 3200 390 3600 381 4000 362 PM-4400 190 4800 182 5000 190 Fig. 6.169 Macrostructure having excessive weld penetration with porosities Fig. 6.171 (a) Close-up view of the tube indicating a transverse crack with irregular contours in the HAZ of the weld. (b) Crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... with the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. It describes the steps of an orderly failure analysis from collecting and examining samples to performing mechanical and nondestructive tests, preparing and examining fractographs and micrographs, determining failure mode, writing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
...Common failure modes in deformation processing Table 1 Common failure modes in deformation processing Temperature regime Metallurgical defects in: Cast grain structure Wrought (recrystallized) grain structure Cold working (a) Free surface fracture, dead metal zones (shear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Inefficient conduction heat transfer Larger temperature gradients (a) Electrical resistivity Increases with decrease in density Larger current penetration depth Magnetic permeability Decreases with decrease in density Larger current penetration depth Lower coil electrical efficiency Structural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Interpretaion relatively easy. May be nondestructive Crack depth techniques only accurate if crack is normal to the surface, and if the crack length is 3 times or more its depth. Calibration is required for reasonable accuracy. Temperature compensation may be necessary. B.3 Dye-penetrant inspection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Fracture mode identification chart Table 1 Fracture mode identification chart Method Instantaneous failure mode (a) Progressive failure mode (b) Ductile overload Brittle overload Fatigue Corrosion Wear Creep Visual, 1 to 50× (fracture surface) Necking or distortion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Relative uses and merits of various nondestructive testing methods Table 7.2 Relative uses and merits of various nondestructive testing methods Parameter Test method Ultrasonics X-ray Eddy current Magnetic particle Liquid penetrant Capital cost Medium to high High Low...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... plane stress and plane strain The loading mode at the crack tip (tension or torsion, for example) Alloy composition, which includes nominal composition, exact composition (all constituents), and impurity or tramp element composition Metallurgical condition, which includes strength level, second...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... It covers eight basic modes of high-temperature corrosion as well as the effect of external and residual stresses. It also provides an extensive amount of engineering data associated primarily with commercial alloys. high-temperature corrosion METALS AND ALLOYS will react during high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... , 2002 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500 • Wulpi D.J. , Understanding How Components Fail , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1999 Magnetic-Particle Inspection Liquid Penetrant Inspection Ultrasonic Inspection Methods Radiography Eddy-Current Inspection Residual-Stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... not be detectable electrically but would fail under regular application conditions. Figure 54 Acoustic imaging of a bond interface using different focus positions and wave modes. Figure 57 GHz-SAM inspection of wire bond pads. A: Schematics of the sample setup and direction of GHz-SAM inspection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... high-temperature corrosion modes. As the corrosivity of the environment increases, the effect of the external tensile stresses on preferential corrosion penetration becomes increasingly more significant. This section focuses on the stress-induced preferential corrosion penetration in sulfidizing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... Source: Ref 16.3 Fig. 16.13 Thermal fatigue crack produced in the hardfacing alloy on an exhaust valve from a heavy-duty gasoline engine Fig. 16.20 Transgranular fracture modes in body-centered cubic (bcc) crystals. (a) Ductile fracture begins with shear deformation along...