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paper and pulp industry

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery boilers susceptible to corrosion. This chapter describes some of the problems that the pulp and paper industry has solved as well as ongoing issues and concerns. It includes an in-depth review of 304L cladding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Fig. 1 The first kraft digester fabricated from alloy 2205. Courtesy of Outokumpu Abstract Abstract This chapter is a brief account of the applications of stainless steel in processes pertinent to the pulp-and-paper industry. References References 1 Tuomi A. et al...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Reactors , Mater. Perform. Feb. 1991 , p 70 – 73 36. Singbeil D. and Tromans D. , Stress Corrosion Cracking of Mild Steel in Alkaline Sulfide Solutions , Proc. Third Int. Symp. Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1980 , p 40...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Oil Company through license agreements. Independently and simultaneously, Corrosion Services in Canada began commercialization of anodic protection primarily in the pulp and paper industry. Since these early beginnings, several organizations now offer anodic protection equipment and services...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., petrochemical plants, paper mills, food and pharmaceutical industries, and the textile industry, boilers are used for power generation and/or for providing process steam and process heat. 1.2 Classification of Boilers Because the areas of application of boilers are very diverse, there is a need...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., refining and petrochemical, fossil-fired power generation, coal gasification, waste-to-energy industry, pulp and paper, heat treating, mineral and metallurgical processing, and others. The technical data presented in this book are pertinent to “real” materials problems related to the aforementioned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., paper and pulp manufacturing, and aircraft/aerospace. Stress-corrosion cracking is particularly insidious in that catastrophic failures can occur even at low applied stress levels (sometimes only residual in nature) and often with no warning. Environments causing SCC can be so mild that no evidence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... the duplex alloys were developed, with the first market the petroleum industry, whose demands and research made these alloys possible. It was not a stretch to see that high-strength alloys that could withstand seawater in offshore applications could do well on land as well. To give full credit, the pulp...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... processing, the pulp and paper industry, food and beverage processing and dispensing, and in corrosive environments. Type 321 and type 347 have been developed for corrosive resistance for repeated intermittent exposure to temperatures above 450 °C (840 °F). These grades are primarily used in the aircraft...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
.../jcorr1991.46.326 18. Kobrin G. , Corrosion by Microbiological Organisms in Natural Waters , Mater. Perform. , Vol 15 ( No. 7 ), 1976 19. Kearns J.R. and Deverell H.E. , “The Use of Nitrogen to Improve Fe-Cr-Ni-Mo Alloys for the Chemical Process Industries,” Paper 188...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... discharge) processes in the pulp and paper industry, have increased the demand for stainless steels. The manufacturers of stainless steels have tended to specialize as either flat-product producers or long-product producers. Flat products include plate, sheet, strip, and foil, whereas long products...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... to alternating between submersion and partial or total exposure. Carbon steels perform well in dry, rural atmospheres, but the rate of corrosion increases quickly in high-humidity saline or industrial atmospheres. The useful service life of carbon steels has been recorded for boiler service of up to 25 years...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... to cause aggressive damage in a number of industries, such as mining, mineral processing, chemical processing, pulp and paper production, and energy production. Corrosion and wear processes involve many mechanisms, the combined actions of which lead to the mutual reinforcement of their effectiveness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... resistant to solutions of chlorites, hypochlorites, chlorates, perchlorates, and chlorine dioxide. It has been used to handle these chemicals in the pulp and paper industry for many years with no evidence of corrosion. Titanium is used in chloride salt solutions and other brines over the full...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... base to a much broader variety of applications. These applications include the protection of the internal surfaces of process equipment in the chemical process and pulp and paper industries, the protection of water boxes and condenser tubesheets in the electric power industry, and the protection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry have issued warnings to plant operators, and these warnings have resulted in the formation of inspection programs for evaluating the integrity of deaerator tanks. As a result, many operators have discovered serious cracking. The following example...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., U.S. Bureau of Mines Selected References Selected References • Eigeles M.A. , and Leviush I.T. , 1958 . “ Flotability of Beryl ,” Paper 2065, Proceedings of the Second United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy ( Geneva ) • Morana S.J. , 1965...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.9781627083041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... These applications include an extremely diversified range of uses, including nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, oil industry tubes, components for chemical processing and pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil-fuel-fired electric power plants. There are five types...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2