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paper and pulp industry

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... susceptible to corrosion. This chapter describes some of the problems that the pulp and paper industry has solved as well as ongoing issues and concerns. It includes an in-depth review of 304L cladding failures involving coextruded composite tubes used as floor tunes in the lower furnace, as superheater tubes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter is a brief account of the applications of stainless steel in processes pertinent to the pulp-and-paper industry. stainless steel pulp and paper industry THE PULP-AND-PAPER INDUSTRY has seen more benefits from developments in stainless steel than any...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... and inert atmospheres. Corrosion and wear often combine to cause aggressive damage in a number of industries, such as mining, mineral processing, chemical processing, pulp and paper production, and energy production. Corrosion and wear processes involve many mechanisms, the combined actions of which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... them ( Ref 63 ), and a rating system for evaluating bacterial problems in waterfloods ( Ref 64 ). A summary of papers on microbiologically influenced corrosion is given in Ref 65 and 66 . After several years of use, a static test was formalized, based on work described in Ref 67 . In the test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of closed-loop (zero discharge) processes in the pulp and paper industry, have increased the demand for stainless steels. The manufacturers of stainless steels have tended to specialize as either flat-product producers or long-product producers. Flat products include plate, sheet, strip, and foil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., paper and pulp manufacturing, and aircraft/aerospace. Stress-corrosion cracking is particularly insidious in that catastrophic failures can occur even at low applied stress levels (sometimes only residual in nature) and often with no warning. Environments causing SCC can be so mild that no evidence of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... internal surfaces of process equipment in the chemical process and pulp and paper industries, the protection of water boxes and condenser tubesheets in the electric power industry, and the protection of steel reinforcing bars in concrete in highway bridges and parking garages. Steel in contact with...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... temperatures, aggressive corrosive media, and complicated substrate geometry exist, such as floors, trenches, sumps, ducts, chimneys, and other air pollution control equipment. They are used in various industries, including power, steel and metalworking, chemical, pulp and paper, refinery, waste treatment, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... minimizes carbide precipitation during welding to maintain corrosion resistance in as-welded structures. Alloy C-276 is used in pollution control, chemical processing, pulp and paper production, and waste treatment plants. Alloy 625 is a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy with a niobium addition that, along with molybdenum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the chemical and petrochemical industries, pollution control equipment, coal gasification and liquefaction systems, parts used in pulp and paper mills, aircraft gas turbines, team turbine power plants, turbochargers and valves in reciprocating engines, electrical and electronic applications, and heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... tubing. Titanium is also extensively used in oil refineries, paper and pulp bleaching operations, nitric acid plants, and certain organic synthesis production. Titanium has found use in the medical field. The largest use of titanium and titanium alloys as surgical implants has been for bone...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) radius Flat sheets of paper, films, fabrics, rubber, molded plastics, laminates, boards, glass, mica, and ceramic 2 Opposing cylinders 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter, 25 mm (1 in.) thick with edges rounded to 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) radius Same as for type 1, particularly for glass, mica...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... conventional textile operations, such as twisting, weaving, knitting, carding, and felting. Yarns and rovings are used in filament winding, prepreg tape, and pultrusion processes. Applications include missile cases, pressure vessels, sporting goods, cables, and tension members. Aramid paper used in honeycomb...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... other associations, such as NACE International, publish useful information on corrosion in environments relevant to buildings, highways, and other structures, and components and equipment used in the chemicals processing, pulp and paper, gas and oil, electric power, automotives, aerospace, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Pressure Vessel Inspectors and the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry have issued warnings to plant operators, and these warnings have resulted in the formation of inspection programs for evaluating the integrity of deaerator tanks. As a result, many operators have discovered serious...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... structures Highway maintenance Culvert piping Buildings and stoneworks Ancient and modern limestones, marbles, sandstones, granites, and mortars Pulp and paper Raw, process, and cooling water systems; paper machine headboxes and suction rolls Hydraulic systems Increased corrosivity of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... power generation, chemical and petrochemical processing, petroleum refining, pulp and paper industry, industrial heating, and metallurgical processing. At temperatures below 570 °C (1060 °F), iron (Fe) oxidizes to form Fe 3 O 4 and Fe 2 O 3 . Above 570 °C (1060 °F), it oxidizes to form FeO, Fe 3 O...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... extraordinary range of corrosion resistance. Various grades have been used for many years in environments as mild as open air in architectural applications and as severe as the chemically active product streams in the chemical-processing industries. Stainless steels are categorized in five distinct families...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... processing, refining and petrochemical, fossil-fired power generation, coal gasification, waste-to-energy industry, pulp and paper, heat treating, mineral and metallurgical processing, and others. The technical data presented in this book are pertinent to “real” materials problems related to the...