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palladium plating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... edge preparation schemes. A very wide range of materials have been coated in this way. For metals, the procedures [ 19 ] [1] used can be categorized as follows: Direct plating . Iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. Galvanic initiation . Copper, silver...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and to a lesser extent, with palladium. It is also used as a plating on jewelry metals for whiteness and wear resistance. Rhodium is the whitest of the platinum-group metals. Iridium Iridium, in unalloyed form, is fabricated into large crucibles that are used in the production of single crystals of yttrium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...-0.1Ru (b) 27 170 25 240 35 … Alloy C-276 (Ni-Cr-Mo) … … … … … 1.90 (a) For 6.3 mm (0.25 in.) plate, corrected for density. (b) Lower interstitial, soft grade Fig. 14.1 General corrosion behavior of commercially pure titanium and titanium-palladium alloys compared...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... as polished or plated substrate. The near transparency of beryllium to x-rays and other high-energy electromagnetic radiation is responsible for its widespread use in foil gage as windows in x-ray tubes and radiation-detection devices. While beryllium can be melted and cast, the resulting casting has...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
.... Surface Treatment Precious metals, such as platinum and palladium, have been ion plated, ion implanted, or thermal diffused into titanium alloy surfaces to achieve improved resistance to reducing acids. This approach has not been used commercially for industrial components because of high cost...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-point metals (bismuth, indium, lead, tin, zinc) Reactive metals (hafnium, titanium, and zirconium) Precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium) Rare earth metals Semimetals (also known as metalloids) As this list indicates, some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., iron, copper, nickel, palladium, cobalt, manganese, and certain other transition metals. These elements have low solubility in alpha titanium and decrease the transformation temperature. They usually are added to alloys in combination with one or more of the beta isomorphous elements to stabilize...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
..., palladium, nickel, tin, copper, and iron. Ideally, the solder should also be compatible with existing flux technology and certainly not require a more aggressive or environmentally adverse material. The solidified solder also must be sufficiently inert to resist the corrosive environments associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... … 16.5 2.0 2.5 899 1650 … 92.0 … … … 8.0 1180–1230 2155–2245 … The gold-base brazing alloys can be divided into three principal families, namely, gold-copper, gold-nickel and, gold-palladium. The gold content of some of these alloys is less than 50%. Nevertheless, by convention...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... within martensite plates (at transformation twins and at the midrib) and at plate interfaces. The platelets later agglomerate to form spheroidal particles that coarsen rapidly at high temperatures. Decomposition of Retained Austenite . Retained austenite decomposes to a mixture of ferrite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... are usually applied by either wet plating or vapor deposition techniques. Tin coatings can be applied by dipping methods. The choice of deposition method is determined by various factors, such as the size of the component, its geometry, the required scale of production, the capital and running costs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... T6 T62 177 350 8–9 … … … 2024 Sheet, plate, drawn tube T3 T351 T81 T851 191 375 12–13 … … … T42 T62 191 375 9–12 … … … T42 T72 191 375 16–18 … … … Forgings T4 T352 T62 T852 191 375 12–13 … … … Wire, rolled bar T351 T4 T851 T6 191 375 12–13...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
...%), and the substitution greatly improves brazing consistency. Note that nickel platings are normally applied by electrolytic techniques. Electroless platings contain phosphorus and can melt on heating above 871 °C (1600 °F), making them unsuitable for brazing stainless steel assemblies required for elevated temperature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... changing the chemical composition of the surface of a part by such processes as plating, cladding, nitriding, ion implantation, carburizing, and hot dip galvanizing, this book is limited to only those alloying processes that affect the bulk of the material, while surface modification is discussed in other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... is stationary while the upper section moves). After the powder bed is consolidated, the force needed to shear the powder bed by moving the upper ring can be determined. Another type of shear cell is the plate type, where a thin layer of powder is sandwiched between a lower plate that is stationary and an upper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... to improve by the addition of noble elements (copper, nickel, palladium, silver, gold, platinum). Gold, palladium, and platinum added to hot-pressed and sintered 316 stainless steel were observed to increase the oxide film thickness of the passive layer ( Ref 8 ). 6.2 Optimal Sintering Because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., chains, and cans. 6.3 Roll Welding Roll welding is a process in which two or more sheets or plates are stacked together and then passed through rolls until sufficient deformation has occurred to produce solid-state welds. Two modes of roll welding are common. In the first mode, the parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... and tanks. Tanks are fabricated from sheet or plate stock, and, of course, pipes are available. Some chemical process equipment may require heavy bars or plates or forgings; all are available from mills. Automobiles use stainless steel (e.g., type 409) in mufflers and catalytic converters. The marine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
.... 2002 ]. White gold alloys were developed commercially in the 1920s to mimic the appearance of platinum—white jewelry being a fashionable setting for diamonds at that time. The addition of any white metal will tend to bleach it. Nickel and palladium have strong bleaching effects and are used most...