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oxygen sensors

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... (temperature, atmosphere, etc.) controllers to hold the process within prescribed or specified limits. This chapter discusses temperature and atmosphere sensors used in a heat treating system. The temperature sensors covered are contact and noncontact types. The atmosphere sensors covered are oxygen probe, dew...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... With the improvement of corrosion-resistance properties, and three major automotive uses—antilock brake system sensor rings, exhaust system flanges, and oxygen sensor bosses—the market distribution of sintered stainless steels has shifted to an automotive preponderance, as is typical of the powder metallurgy (PM...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... not caused by crevices, which add an electrical cell action due to oxygen or other corrodant differences between the crevice fluid and open fluid. It appears that doctors who do revisions on problem implants do not publish in vivo corrosion rates for the implanted materials; thus, there may be limited...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... and Particulate Materials , MPIF , Princeton, NJ , 1991 , p 145 – 158 16. Shah S.O. , McMillen J.R. , Samal P.K. , and Klar E. , “ Properties of 410L PM Stainless Steel Antilock Brake Sensor Rings ,” SAE Paper 930449, SAE International Congress and Expo. ( Detroit, MI ), March...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., except for some noble metals. Metals usually are in ores, chemical compounds that include oxygen, hydrogen, and sulfur. These mineral compounds are the thermodynamic steady state of the metals, in which Gibbs free energy (Δ G ) has a minimum value. For the separation of the metals from their ores...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Steel Company began to use water atomization for making alloyed stainless steel powder. In spite of the initially high oxygen contents of these powders, they had adequate green strength and could be sintered in reasonable times. Subtle but critical modifications to wrought stainless steel compositions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the result of differential corrosion cells of which a variety of different types exist. These include differential aeration cells, where different parts of a pipe are exposed to different oxygen concentrations in the soil, and cells created by differences in the nature of the pipe surface or the soil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... , and Beck C. , Fire Performance of Composites , Mater. Eng. , Vol 109 ( No. 9 ), Sept 1992 , p 10 – 12 22. “ Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter ,” E 1354-92, 1995 Annual Book of ASTM Standards...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Figure 8 Example of a pressure sensor part. The dark square is the silicon membrane that is exposed to the air. Figure 9 IR microscopy seeing particles through the silicon cap over MEMS. From [12] . Figure 10 SEM of particles found with IR microscopy as shown in previous figure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... of process stream Commonly used in effluents. Standard equipment available through robust pH responsive electrodes, such as antimony, platinum, or tungsten, can be preferable to glass electrodes. Solid Ag/AgCl is useful reference electrode. Frequent Analytical Oxygen concentration in process stream...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... 111 12. Shah S.O. , McMillen J.R. , Samal P.K. , Nasser S.A. , and Klar E. , “On the Real Life Performance of Sintered Stainless Steel ABS Sensor Rings,” Paper 970423, SAE Congress and Exposition ( Detroit, MI ), 1997 10.4271/970423 13. Demo J...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... as a fabrication method for heat exchangers, torque sensors for steering shafts, and electrically conductive tracks. Heat Exchangers Shafts Formation of Electrically Conductive Tracks on Plastic Mold Components Generally, numerous automotive components are exposed to harsh environments during...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., optical-sensor housings, ordnance, and other parts for military aircraft and missiles; and in gas turbine engines and brake components for commercial passenger aircraft. Additional aerospace applications include rotor hubs for helicopters and flap tracks for fighters. In the chemical-process industry...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...). Differential scanning calorimetry measures the thermal energy absorbed by the sample (endothermic process) or given off (exothermic process). In the DSC method, the sample and reference are placed in thin metal (aluminum) pans, with the thermocouple sensors below the pans. Differential scanning calorimetry...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... in the Manufacturing of Exhaust Flanges and Oxygen Sensor Bosses ,” SAE Paper 03M-315, presented at SAE International Conference and Expo. , March 2003 ( Detroit, MI ) 10.4271/2003-01-0451 34. Grinder O. and Zhiqiang Z. , Effect of Oxide Inclusions on the Hot Ductility and the Recrystallization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... or cubic phase. Applications for cubic-stabilized ZrO 2 include various oxygen sensor devices (cubic ZrO 2 has excellent ionic conductivity), induction heating elements for the production of optical fibers, resistance heating elements in new high-temperature oxidizing kilns, and inexpensive diamondlike...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... to stainless steels, mainly because each responds differently to a number of chemical reactions involving the interstitials carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. The details of these reactions largely determine the corrosion and dynamic mechanical properties of sintered parts. The many misconceptions about sintering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... and Moskowitz A. , How to Upgrade Free-Machining Properties , Met. Prog. , Vol 91 , Aug 1967 , p 173 – 180 14. Samal P.K. , Thakur S.N. , Scott M.T. , and Hauer I. , “ Exhaust Flanges and Oxygen Sensor Bosses—Machinability Enhancement of 400 Series Stainless Steels...