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oxygen furnace

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Published: 01 May 2018
FIG. 11.10 McLouth Steel Company built the first basic oxygen furnace in the United States. This process would eventually replace all open hearths. Source: Wikimedia Commons/Jmk7. More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 19.4 Basic oxygen furnace. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 3 Basic oxygen furnace. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 January 2022
Fig. 2.6 Basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking More
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Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 2-119 Shaft mount casting for a basic oxygen furnace support ring. Weight 30,000 lb (13,607 kg) More
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Published: 30 April 2024
Fig. 3.13 Relationship between furnace temperature, oxygen probe output, and atmosphere carbon potential for an endothermic atmosphere comprised of 20% CO and 40% H2. Courtesy of Surface Combustion More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steel: the electric arc furnace and the basic oxygen furnace. It also provides information on the classification and specifications for various steels, namely, plain carbon steels, low-carbon steels, medium-carbon plain carbon steels, and high-carbon plain carbon steels. The chapter concludes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... of Fig. 2.2 is an overall picture of steel production starting from liquid pig iron. The vertical integration of pig iron to rolling, blooms, slabs, and plates is driven by the economics and competitiveness of the commodity market. The basic oxygen furnace (BOF) process is based on this approach...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes, procedures, and equipment used in the production of iron, steel, aluminum, and titanium alloys. It describes the design and operation of melting and refining furnaces, including blast furnaces, basic oxygen and electric arc furnaces, vacuum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... it, both carbon and oxygen. For these reasons, stainless steels are among the most difficult alloys to melt and refine. Nickel does not pick up either carbon or oxygen. A brief description of the three-step process generally used for the first 40 years is as follows: Melting: Load arc furnace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... advancements that led from open hearth steelmaking to basic oxygen processes and ultimately the electric arc furnace (EAF). It describes the versatility, efficiency, and scalability of the EAF process and its impact on recycling and sustainability. It explains how EAF refining and deoxidation practices have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... the processes involved in controlling temperature, gas dissociation, oxygen probes, and nitriding sensors. ammonia control systems design criteria furnace equipment nitriding nitriding sensors THE NITRIDING FURNACE is simple in design. Other than the materials used, little has changed in furnace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... a corrosion-resistant weld overlay instead of replacing it with a new construction. This approach has been adopted in the boiler industry in recent years to address the severe corrosion problems with the waterwalls of boilers in waste-to-energy boilers, coal-fired boilers, basic oxygen furnace hoods in steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., such as combustion atmospheres with excess air or oxygen. Many metallic components, such as retorts in heat treat furnaces, furnace heater tubes and coils in chemical and petrochemical plants, waterwalls and superheater/reheater tubes in boilers, and combustors and transition ducts in gas turbines, are subject...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
..., and the recovery of elements from slag. It then presents an overview of argon-oxygen-decarburization (AOD) refining and types of ladles. The chapter describes chemical analysis that is performed using either optical emission or x-ray spectrographs. chemical analysis melting melting furnaces refractories...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... of stainless steel is made by arc furnace melting followed by argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) refining and continuous casting. It is not normal, and it is seldom beneficial for the end user to specify processing paths. The end user should, however, be knowledgeable and require the producer to document...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... be separated magnetically from other scrap. The scrap is either remelted in an electric arc furnace or added to pig iron in a basic oxygen furnace. All grades of steel can be recycled because most alloying elements are oxidized during processing. Tin and copper are the exceptions, and there is concern...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
.... But the adoption of modern technology was slow, as was evident when Bethlehem built a new open hearth shop in 1958 at Sparrows Point for $200 million. Four years earlier, a small steel company in Michigan had installed the first basic oxygen furnace (BOF), and the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company (J&L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
..., Bessemer patented a process in which hot air was blown through molten pig iron to reduce carbon and silicon content; in 1858, Siemens first successfully operated an open hearth furnace in which solid or liquid pig iron and scrap were melted with combusted producer gas. In later modifications, the oxygen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... The most common sensors available for the wide variety of furnace atmospheres used can be categorized into three major types: oxygen probe, dew point, and infrared. These sensors can effectively be used to control endothermic, exothermic, nitrogen-methanol, nitrogen-hydrocarbon, and nitrogen-hydrogen-type...