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oxidizing power

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... oxidants: (Eq 1) M ( s ) + 0.5 y X 2 ( g ) → M X y Due to the high temperatures involved, these reactions are generally rapid and thus are a concern for high-temperature applications such as components for power generation. The electronegative gaseous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... subsequent fluxing of the protective oxide layer, which is not only removed but prevented from being regenerated. Some early deposit-modified corrosion processes were witnessed in the power turbine industry when the element vanadium in fuel was oxidized. V 2 O 5 and vanadates, formed by reaction between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... gates. Bridging defects are unintentional shorts between interconnect or power lines. Bridges can be tiny connections ( Fig. 7 ) or may cover several interconnect lines. They also occur within the structure of transistors, such as with gate oxide shorts or soft pn junction breakdowns. Bridges can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract The ultimate goal of the failure analysis process is to find physical evidence that can identify the root cause of the failure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has emerged as a powerful tool to characterize subtle defects. This article discusses the sample preparation procedures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... achieved through conventional machining methods, the mechanics of chip formation, the factors that affect tool wear, the selection and use of cutting fluids, and the determination of machining parameters based on force and power requirements. It also includes information on nontraditional machining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... models used by reliability engineers: Arrhenius, Eyring, and power law models. The chapter concludes with information on failure rates and mechanisms and the two techniques for uncovering reliability issues, namely burn-in and outlier screening. Arrhenius models burn-in screening experiment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... discussed have driven the development of novel focus areas in test and the chapter discusses several of those areas, including test data volume containment, test power containment, and novel methods of defect-based test. analog circuit testing built-in self-testing functional testing integrated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter covers basic machining and assembly operations, with an emphasis on hole preparation for mechanical fasteners. It describes manual, power feed, and automated drilling techniques as well as reaming and countersinking. It discusses various types of fasteners, including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... methods, whereas the evidence for latch-up suggests the existence of power system faults of a transient nature that can be eliminated using suitable line conditioners and filters. It is shown that a distinction can be made between EOS (discoloration) and ESD (no color) failures and between the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... alloyed grades, such as the aluminum-alloyed ferritics. A prime example of the state of the art is 453, which has not only 22% chromium and 0.6% aluminum but also rare earths in trace amounts (i.e., 0.1%). As in austenitic alloys, rare earths act as very powerful oxide and sulfide formers that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... a D d a A a a B b where the chemical activity, a , of each reactant or product is raised to the power of its stoichiometric coefficient, and R is the gas constant. For example, the oxidation of a metal can be expressed by the reaction: x M + y 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... material. The standard rule is that materials used in finishing must not permit iron or iron oxide particles to come in contact with the stainless surface or passivation layer. Stainless steel surface finishing is governed by: High strength and high work-hardening rate require more power for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... the energy deposition near the surface and thus increased sputtering over the more open planes. This is of particular concern when milling through power planes or bus lines to expose underlying metals for device editing because the underlying dielectric might be damaged [35 , 36] . Figure 11...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... N (for nickel-base alloys), followed by a five-digit number. Examples include some of the more highly alloyed austenitic grades. Stainless steels are used in a wide variety of applications. Most of the structural applications occur in the chemical and power engineering industries, which account...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... shorter delivery time, because the P/M process requires fewer steps than conventional ingot technology One of the more interesting developments using nickel-base superalloys was the Allied Signal dual-alloy turbine wheel concept for aircraft auxiliary power units. This design, which began...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... The use of computer equipment in foundry inspection operations is finding more acceptance as the power and utility of available hardware and software increase. The computerization of operations can reduce the manhours required for inspection tasks, can increase accuracy, and can allow the analysis of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... austenitic alloys have is their ability to utilize the powerful and inexpensive alloying element nitrogen. That is the key aspect of the more modern austenitic stainless steels that have come into use in the last two decades. The ion that is most aggressive against stainless steel is one of the most...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of silver, nickel, or tin. In power circuits, where oxidation of copper is troublesome, contacts frequently are coated with silver. Vacuum-sealed circuit breakers use oxygen-free copper contacts (wrought or powder metal) for optimal electrical properties. In air, copper does not provide high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., continuous fiber ceramic composites, and carbon-carbon composites. It also describes a number of ceramic-matrix composite processing methods, including cold pressing and sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding, directed metal oxidation, and liquid, vapor, and polymer infiltration. ceramic-matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2