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osmium plating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... edge preparation schemes. A very wide range of materials have been coated in this way. For metals, the procedures [ 19 ] [1] used can be categorized as follows: Direct plating . Iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. Galvanic initiation . Copper, silver...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... as polished or plated substrate. The near transparency of beryllium to x-rays and other high-energy electromagnetic radiation is responsible for its widespread use in foil gage as windows in x-ray tubes and radiation-detection devices. While beryllium can be melted and cast, the resulting casting has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...-polarizer are crossed at 90 degrees to each other in conjunction with a ¼ wave plate (130 nm) in the light path that is tilted at a 15-degree angle. This wave plate is mounted on the low-magnification objective and is aligned 45 degrees off the polarizer. This type of circular polarizer is effective only...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the compositions, properties, and uses of silver, gold, and platinum group metals, including platinum, rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium. It describes the role of various alloying elements and explains how they affect physical, mechanical, and electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... and coworkers). Etch with this solution followed by Voce's reagent. Produces grain contrast (Gregory and coworkers). Polish chemically, then etch in solution for 4-5 s. Dry and reetch three or four times. Contrast improved at low magnification using polarized light. A sensitive tint plate produces brilliant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-point metals (bismuth, indium, lead, tin, zinc) Reactive metals (hafnium, titanium, and zirconium) Precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium) Rare earth metals Semimetals (also known as metalloids) As this list indicates, some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... becomes conjoint with rubbing wear when oxidation occurs. Gold on one or both surfaces prevents the oxidation damage component of fretting damage. Osmium and rhodium platings are believed by some to have tribological benefits, but there is not general agreement on the benefits of these platings on one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... of etch to charged cloth (Buchheit and coworkers). Use napped cloth (Woods). (Rudy and St. Windisch.) Use twill-jean cloth on glass plate. Saturate cloth with solution and abrasive. Polish 2-3 min. Wash cloth, apply etch only, polish 2-3 min. Wash with warm water, then acetone or alcohol, dry (Schmidt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... are equivalent. In a square bar, the planes parallel to the hot-rolling direction are equivalent longitudinal planes. In a rectangular section or in a plate, the planar surface is parallel to the hot-working axis, has the largest surface area, and is the surface in most frequent contact with the mill rolls...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... effect in increasing the short-time elevated-temperature strength of niobium. The weakening of niobium by titanium additions has been observed by a number of investigators. McAdam showed that the precious metals osmium, iridium, and ruthenium were effective strengthening elements, but they were...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
.... These furnaces are cooled in the same way as bottom-loading units. Fig. 4.2 Vertical top-loading cold-wall vacuum furnace. Source: Ref 1 Horizontal-Loading Furnaces Horizontal-loading furnaces normally consist of a cylindrical shell free of vacuum or gas leaks, with circular convex end plates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... niobium (also called columbium), tantalum, molybdenum, tungsten, and rhenium, have the highest melting temperatures and lowest vapor pressures of all metals, except osmium and iridium. The refractory metals are readily degraded by oxidizing environments at moderately low temperatures, a property that has...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... to withstand extremely high amounts of cold working (70 to 80%) between anneals. Because of its high fabricability, niobium is commercially available in plate, sheet, wire, and tube forms. Niobium powder is fabricated by standard PM methods. Powder is pressed into bars and presintered in a vacuum induction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... ). Figure 4.11 Eight-thermometer type of axial-flow thermal conductivity apparatus used at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado ( Hust and Giarratano, 1974a ). For insulating materials near ambient temperatures, flat-plate apparatus (as illustrated in Fig. 4.12 ) are generally used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Manganese and Alloys Molybdenum and Alloys Nickel and Alloys Niobium and Alloys Osmium and Alloys Palladium and Alloys Platinum and Alloys Radioactive Metals and Alloys Rare Earth Metals and Alloys Rhenium and Alloys Rhodium and Alloys Ruthenium and Alloys Selenium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.9781627083485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5