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orthopedic applications

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Abstract Gas turbine disks made from nickel-base superalloys are often produced using powder metallurgy (P/M) techniques because the alloy compositions normally used are difficult or impractical to forge by conventional methods. This chapter discusses the P/M process and its application to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract Nickel and nickel alloys have an excellent combination of corrosion, oxidation, and heat resistance, combined with good mechanical properties. Nickel alloys can be divided into alloys that combine corrosion and heat resistance, superalloys for high-temperature applications, and special...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of mechanical strength and resistance to surface degradation. Superalloys have been used in aircraft, industrial, and marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, aircraft skins, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses, and environmental protection applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract All materials are susceptible to corrosion or some form of environmental degradation. Although no single material is suitable for all applications, usually there are a variety of materials that will perform satisfactorily in a given environment. The intent of this chapter is to review...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... coatings and various pack cementation and deposition processes. It also discusses the selection and use of industrial paints and paint application methods. buffing cleaning coating honing mass finishing SURFACE FINISHES AND COATINGS are used in a variety of ways to improve the material...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... components) can be used for seasonal foods without maintenance. Neither foods nor drugs are contaminated by titanium. Another application of growing importance is the use of titanium and titanium alloys for orthopedic implants such as nails, hip joints, plates, heart valves, screws, and external braces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... purposes of corrosion tests, the logical steps in a test program, and the preparation and cleaning of test specimens. The focus then moves on to discuss the types and applications of these test categories and the associated evaluation procedures. Excluding electrochemical tests which are addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... for use as orthopedic implants or dental materials The predominant applications of cobalt-base alloys are for wear resistance, high-temperature strength, corrosion resistance, or biomedical implants. Historically, many of the commercial cobalt-base alloys are derived from the Co-Cr-W and Co...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... the engineering plastics community for design applications where stress concentrations are expected to be minimal or where the fatigue life of the component is likely to be dominated by the nucleation of a crack. Fig. 2 Stress amplitude versus cycles to failure, or S - N behavior, of several...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... metabolized, yielding carbon dioxide and water. The rate of biodegradation of a typical PHBV device in garden soil is given as 3 μm (0.12 mil) of thickness per week. Applications of this material are being considered in surgical and orthopedic devices, slow-release systems involving drugs and herbicides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... It is the strength-to-weight ratio that makes titanium alloys desirable for aircraft and spacecraft applications. Because of its natural corrosion resistance, titanium is also used in the chemical process industry and for orthopedic implants. Iridium, rhodium, palladium, and platinum are, along...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...; spacecraft structures; petrochemical production; orthopedic and dental prostheses; and environmental protection applications. Although developed for high-temperature use, some are used at cryogenic temperatures and others at body temperature. Applications continue to expand, but at lower rates than in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... large indentation represents a low hardness. There are a number of hardness testing methods; the most often used is the Vickers method (providing a Vickers hardness number, or VHN), which has a wide range of applications. Titanium alloys in general exhibit a much higher hardness than aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... that of untreated tooling. Table 10 lists examples of extending tool life with ion implantation. Titanium and cobalt-chromium alloy orthopedic prostheses for hip and knee joints are among the most successful commercial applications for ion-implantation components for wear resistance. Table 9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., machining, welding, and design also available Astrolite Alloys Div. of AstroCosmos Metallurgical, Inc. 1201 Vanguard Dr. Oxnard, CA 93033 Tel: 888-278-7644 Fax: 805-487-9694 ISO 9002 welding wire for aerospace and industrial applications; titanium drawing, annealing Atlantic Equipment Engineers A...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... toughness investment casting melting microstructure powder metallurgy titanium alloys titanium powder tensile properties vacuum arc remelting THIS CHAPTER DISCUSSES techniques for melting and casting of titanium and its alloys and describes applications of powder metallurgy (PM) to these...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... definitions are an applicable reference ( Ref 1 ): Discontinuity: A lack of continuity or cohesion; an intentional or unintentional interruption in the physical structure of configuration of a material or component Imperfection: A departure of a quality characteristic from its intended condition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... hot combustion gases Corrosion of metallic surgical implant materials used in orthopedic, cardiovascular, and dental devices resulting in the release of metal ions to tissues, and degradation of the physical properties of polymeric implant materials due to interactions with tissue fluids and/or...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... engine used Ti-2Al-2Mn starting in 1954. At the same time, use of titanium in corrosion applications and for orthopedic devices was occurring. In 1957, the U.S. titanium industry had an annual capacity of 20.4 million kg (45 million lb) of sponge and a capacity of greater than 9 million kg (20 million lb...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... nonferrous alloys is annealing. The annealing practice typically consists of heating the material to a sufficiently high temperature to soften it so that it can safely undergo further processing or be used in application. For example, cold worked alloys are annealed to soften the worked alloy or to relieve...