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optimum design

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
.... The cleaner the material is (AMS 2300), the higher the cost will be. Sometimes, selection of high-cost materials (vacuum-melted, high-alloy clean steel) helps to achieve an optimum gear design. It is thus important to develop a table of standard materials on the basis of overall cost. Table 10.1 shows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Optimization in Stamping—A Case Study for Flanging a Clutch Hub from Steel Plate , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 146 , 2004 , p 8 10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00839-2 4.12 Kim H.K. and Hong S. , FEM-Based Optimum Design of Multi-Stage Deep Drawing Process of Molybdenum Sheet , J. Mater...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... a competitive edge, designs must be optimized for functionality and manufacturability. Optimum component design, appropriate choice of the alloy, and selection of the best manufacturing process are the critical cost factors. Ideally, the optimum designs are achieved if the design for functionality...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... ⋅ θ + K t P BP W t ] References References A5.1. Jarfall L.E. , “ Optimum Design of Joints: The Stress Severity Factor Concept ,” presented at Fifth ICAF Symposium ( Melbourne ), May 1967 A5.2. Waraniak J.M. and Liu A.F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... , April 22–24 , 1998 , p 125 – 138 1.5 Li S. and Cook J. , An Analysis of Filament Overwound Toroidal Pressure Vessels and Optimum Design of Such Structures , J. Pressure Vessel Technol. , Vol 124 , May 2002 , p 215 – 222 10.1115/1.1430671 1.6 Lea R. and Yang...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... low-turn work coils. Around 1948, General Electric performed research on the optimum design for output transformers for radio-frequency (RF) induction heaters. They ran tests on both the size of the transformer (settling on 152 mm, or 6 in.) and the stepdown ratio (11:1 found to be most desirable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... by casting, forging, stamping, or even extrusion. The future emphasis for manufacture with aluminum alloys will be on the large section technology. This gives the designer a new design element to be used to achieve optimum technical and economical solutions [ Alp 94 ]. The load and functional related shape...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
...–650 Gas nitrided, nitriding steels ME 1450 470 700–850 MQ 1250 420 700–850 ML 1125 270 650–850 Stresses are shown in MPa, and all hardness values are converted to HV. Designers should refer to the appropriate standard. (a) Varies with core hardness and/or core strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... OK Will quench OK 5 Min frequency 50 mm (2.0 in.) Figure 5.8 10 kHz … Opt frequency 50 mm (2.0 in.) Figure 5.8 450 kHz … 6 Power density For 10 kHz Table 11.6 20 kW/in. 2 Optimum For 450 kHz Table 11.6 10 kW/in. 2 Optimum 7 Power 10 kHz Calculated 250 kW...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., press deflection, and process inconsistencies, and discusses related innovations. forging machines near-net shape forging 23.1 Introduction 23.2 Tolerances in Precision Forging 23.3 Advances in Tool Design 23.4 Advances in Forging Machines 23.5 Innovative Forging Processes 23.6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... of retained austenite transform and work harden under the contact load. A carbon level in the range 0.9 to 1.0% (for low-alloy steels) at the surface generally gives the optimum case properties to resist contact fatigue and surface wear. Similar case properties in high-alloy steels may be obtained with lower...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the use of finite-element modeling in forging design. It describes key modeling parameters and inputs, mesh generation and computation time, and process modeling outputs such as metal flow, strain rate, loading profiles, and microstructure. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... and effective for designing and modifying dies and selecting optimum extrusion parameters, including billet temperature, container temperature, billet size, ram speed/displacement, and extrusion puller speed. Fielding ( Ref 1 ) gave a complete overview of the developments in extrusion presses with handling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... at flange area [ Nagao et al., 1994 ] Fig. 22.17 Deformation of the inserts under load for the straight container (original design) and the profiled container (optimum design) [ Nagao et al., 1994 ] This case study analyzed a knockout pin insert that was used to indent a hole on the bottom...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
...) is considered an optimum for case-carburized and hardened gears. Carbon in the range of 0.10 to 0.20% considerably reduces the maximum hardness that can be attained in steels. This range is generally beneficial in the core of carburized and hardened gears for high bending fatigue life. Fig. 3.1 Relation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... into or out of the coil can necessitate large modifications of the optimum design. The type of power supply and the production rate must also be kept in mind. If one part is needed every 30 s but a 50-s heating time is required, it is necessary to heat parts in multiples to meet the desired production rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... design SHEET METAL FORMING using pressurized liquid media is called sheet hydroforming ( Fig. 8.1 ) and is classified as sheet hydroforming with punch (SHF-P) and sheet hydroforming with die (SHF-D), depending on the male (punch) or the female (die) tool that has the shape/impression to be formed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... forged from the beta field at a temperature of 1150 °C (2100 °F). Right: workpiece forged from the alpha-beta field at 955 °C (1750 °F). The piece on the left is filed. Dies were designed originally for forging aluminum. Fig. 10.22 Flat-track forging. Originally of aluminum design, this 18 kg...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... and Cons of Atmosphere and Vacuum Carburizing , Ind. Heat. , Jan 2002 , p 45 – 48 2. Davis J.R. , Ed., Hardenability of Steels , ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels , ASM International , 1996 , p 138 – 166 3. Dudley D.W. , Handbook of Practical Gear Design...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
....) These observations are of practical importance because the structure and constitution have a strong influence on the behavior of the material. In these studies, the surface of a properly prepared material is examined either without etching or after etching, or in both conditions. In order to obtain optimum...