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oil-ash corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... addition on the melting point of oil-ash deposit on superheater tubing of an oil-fired boiler. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 11.19 Corrosion of Type 321 superheater tubes with and without Mg(OH) 2 injection in an oil-fired boiler. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 11.20 Results of a field test at 700 °C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... corrosion in boiler tubes are: (i) waterwall corrosion, (ii) fuel ash corrosion such as corrosion due to coal ash and oil ash, (iii) hot corrosion, (iv) acid dew point corrosion, (v) stress corrosion cracking, and (vi) polythionic acid corrosion ( Ref 6.1 , 6.28 ). Waterwall Corrosion or Reduced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...) Chelate corrosion Fire-side corrosion: Waterwall corrosion or reduced atmosphere corrosion Fuel ash corrosion Coal-ash corrosion Oil-ash corrosion Hot corrosion Acid dew point corrosion or cold-end corrosion SCC Polythionic acid stress-corrosion cracking (PASCC) Fire...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.9781627083041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... with sufficiently high oxygen activities such that Cr 2 O 3 is thermodynamically stable, and (3) SO 2 -bearing environments. Sulfidation accelerated by salt deposits (hot corrosion in gas turbines, coal ash corrosion, and oil ash corrosion) are covered in Chapters 9 to 11 , respectively. Iron, nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... corrosion Hydrogen damage Pitting (localized corrosion) Stress-corrosion cracking Fire-side corrosion Low temperature Waterwall Coal ash Oil ash Erosion Fly ash Falling slag Sootblower Coal particle Fatigue Vibration Thermal Corrosion Lack of quality...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of ash, sulfur, and nitrogen can also be used. Natural gas or fuel oil is used primarily as a start-up fuel to preheat the fluidized bed. Higher combustion efficiency Lower combustion temperature because of a high coefficient of heat transfer due to rapid mixing in the fluidized bed leads to lower...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Relating to flammability Pour point Ability to stay liquid when cold Ash Residue left after combusting oil Acid number The acidity of an oil Base number The alkalinity of an oil Gravity A viscosity component related to solvency Color Clear to dark Volatility Ease of evaporation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and SCC resistance over that of 300-series austenitic stainless steels was needed, and with a cost-savings over conventionally used nickel alloys. For nonaqueous conditions involving exposure to high-temperature sulfidic or naphthenic crude oil environments, resistance to corrosion has been mainly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...-12CO<sub>2</sub>-6H<sub>2</sub>O-0.13H<sub>2</sub>S-0.008HCl with various ash deposits at 427 °C (800 °F) for 600 h Table 10.7 Corrosion rates of T2 in N 2 -7CO-12CO 2 -6H 2 O-0.13H 2 S-0.008HCl with various ash deposits at 427 °C (800 °F) for 600 h Ash deposit Corrosion rate, mm/yr (mpy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Oil Storage Tank Failures of Oil Transmission Pipelines Failures of Gas Transmission Pipelines Aircraft Accidents by Explosive Sabotage A plant at Flixborough, U.K., manufacturing caprolactam was completely destroyed and reduced to ashes, and the surrounding community was demolished...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., sulfidation Nuclear reprocessing reactors 750–800 1380–1470 Oxidation (steam), fluorination (HF) Oil-fired boiler superheaters 850–900 1560–1650 Fuel ash corrosion Gas turbine blades corrosion to 950 to 1740 Sulfates, chlorides, oxidation, ash Waste incinerators—superheaters 480 895...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... in assisting oil lubrication as cast irons with flake graphite, but they are still often used for sliding wear applications such as machine components and pumps. White irons are one of the most important cast irons for wear applications. They are used for furnace parts subject to ash abrasion, for ball...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 7.2.3 Iron 7.2.4 Silica 7.2.7 Dissolved Oxygen 7.2.5 Scale Deposits 7.2.6 Sodium 7.2.9 Ammonia 7.2.8 Dissolved Carbon Dioxide 7.2.10 Organic Matter 7.2.11 Oil and Grease 7.2.12 pH 7.2.13 Alkalinity 7.2.14 Hardness 7.3.1 Deposition and Scaling 7.3.2 Corrosion 7.3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... nonstandard grades used for corrosion or high-temperature service. Alloys with improved resistance to corrosion, for applications such as pumps for handling fly ash, are produced with high chromium content (26 to 28% Cr) and low carbon content (1.6 to 2.0% C). These irons provide the maximum chromium content...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Aragonite 7 Ash 127 Ash, fly 83, 14 Bauxite 9, 33, 50, 76, 134 Calcium carbonate 14 Carbon 14, 16 Carborundum (220 mesh) 1284 Clay 34, 36 Coal 6, 10, 21, 28, 47, 57 Copper concentrate 19, 37, 58, 68, 111, 128 Detergent 6, 8 Dust, blast furnace 57 Gilsonite 10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... heaters in order to help retard corrosion of the steel shell if the glass lining is cracked. Replaceable zinc anodes are attached to the hulls of steel ships and the legs of offshore oil rigs for protection of the steel in the same way. The most common type of corrosion is ordinary uniform corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...-boiler tubes by ash from vanadium-bearing fuel oils can be quite severe; external tube metal loss occurs, leading to thinning and increased tube strain. Also, vanadium-ash attack and hot corrosion in general are equally harmful in gas turbines. The high-temperature attack occurs because of the formation...