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oil passages

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... not allow the elimination of metal cores. Metal cores or pull-back slides are still preferable to sand cores, because they are cycled along with the mold. Complex or re-entrant shapes need expendable sand cores. Expendable cores are also expensive. Oil passages produced by sand cores need special cleaning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
...: Air passages: intake manifolds, turbocharger pump housings Water cooling passages: engine blocks, cylinder heads, front engine covers Oil passages: crankcases, differential carriers Structural stiffness: control arms, crossmembers, steering knuckles for SUVs. 10.1.11.1 Post-Casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.9781627084475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
...-walled and are required to be leakproof for oil or water passages in most cases. Table 9.4 lists some of these common semipermanent molded castings. Common castings produced by semipermanent mold casting process Table 9.4 Common castings produced by semipermanent mold casting process...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... of additives to the water, such as salt and polymers. Oil quenches produce virtually no vapor pocket. The initial heat extraction of oil quenches is fast, but the quenching speed slows substantially in the other stages of quenching. Boiling Stage The boiling stage is the second stage of cooling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... from greasy fingers, provided all that was needed. One must not forget, though, that seed oils, animal oils, tallow, emulsions in the form of milk, and waxes were available in early antiquity. In the 5th century B.C ., Herodotus wrote about the extraction of bitumen and light oil from petroleum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... Transmission valves Transmission housings Transmission valve Complex shapes using sand cores Sand cores enable castings with undercuts, pockets, profiled air and fluid passages Intake manifolds Cylinder heads 1.3 Aluminum Casting Limitations It is essential to recognize the limitations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... include inspection for water leaks from hose connections and signs of discoloration on copper bus, tube connections in oscillator sets, and any signs of oil leaks from capacitors. The studs and taps on any heat station component, such as capacitors or transformers, need to have special attention paid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... surface. The castings then enter a decoring station. Intricately cored castings such as cylinder heads and blocks require specially designed vibratory machines for thorough cleaning of the water jacket passages. Less intricately cored castings can be decored using vibratory decoring hammers. Gray...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... in a pipe; the fluid properties also affect the fluid/pipe friction. The classic fluid flow equation demonstrates the role of the fluid: Q = A V ρ where Q is flow through a fluid passage, A is the cross-section area of the passage, V is the fluid velocity, and ρ is the fluid density. Liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... covers, oil pans, transmission housings, differential carriers, and steering gear housings are only some of the typical leakproof casting applications) Ability to chrome-plate for styling (such as parts for motorcycles and lamp housings) Minimum need for manual intervention in operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the properties and attributes of various classes of metalworking lubricants, including mineral oils; natural oils, fats, derivatives, and soaps; synthetic fluids (olefins, esters, polyglycols, ionic liquids); compounded lubricants (oils, greases, fats); aqueous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... of passages or hollow shapes, such as return oil passages and sumps. Such passages must be created either by drilling or by redesigning to add another bolt-on casting to provide for the return oil passage. An example of this is the mounting of a crankcase oil filter. Castings produced usually cannot...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract Rolling is unique in that it cannot be conducted without friction. Friction draws the workpiece into the roll gap and facilitates its passage through the deformation zone. This chapter provides an overview of the mechanics and tribology of flat rolling processes and explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... on the valve face. Engine efficiency rapidly deteriorates from increasing loss of compression when very hot exhaust gases blast through the open passage (also called blowby ). Thermal cycles may be caused by friction, as in brake drums and clutch plates, where the surface is frequently heated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., with their excess of carbide, enough carbon solid solution occurs at lower temperatures to assure proper hardening, so that for these steels, the general practice is to heat approximately 55 °C above the Ac 1 for oil or polymer quenching and approximately 10 °C (50 °F) above for water or brine. In some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... are then averaged. the compact during sintering, caused by dynamic evolution of air or gases hold the axial loading. The application of pressure on a green compacts during passage through powder or compact in the direction of the a continuous sintering furnace. press axis. bonding. The joining of compacted or loose...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... depends only on temperature. The amount is given by the Koistinen and Marburger equation ( Ref 1 ): (Eq 1) 1 − V α ' = exp { β ( M s − T } The martensite is coherent with the parent austenite and resembles the passage of slip dislocations through the crystal. The sum of many...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... place. This is exactly the reason that filters for air, water, and oil are used in various types of mechanisms. An automotive engine is a typical example in which air, oil, and fuel filters are always used to prevent entry of external foreign particles and to trap and collect internal foreign particles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... (40–100) 12–30 (40–100) Crossfeed per pass, mm (in.) 1–1.25 (0.040–0.050) 1–1.25 (0.040–0.050) Grinding fluid Highly sulfurized oil (d) Traverse cylindrical grinding Wheel A60IV C60HV Wheel speed, m/s (sfm) (b) 13–15 (2500–3000) 10–15 (2000–3000) Infeed per pass, mm...