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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article discusses the molecular mechanism, environmental criteria, and material optimization of environmental stress crazing (ESC) in glassy thermoplastics, polyethylenes, and nylons. In addition, it provides information on various tests used to determine relative susceptibility...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... polymers are then discussed. The article further includes a case study describing the tribological performance of nylon. It ends by presenting some examples of wear failures of plastics. wear elastomers thermosets glassy thermoplastics semicrystalline thermoplastics lubricants nylon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Angle X-Ray Diffraction , Polym. Eng. Sci. , Vol 18 ( No. 15 ), 1978 , p 1114 10.1002/pen.760181504 39. Campbell G. , The Effect of Water Sorption on Bulk Nylon 6 as Determined by X-Ray Crystallinity , Polym. Lett. , Vol 7 , 1969 , p 629 10.1002/pol.1969.110070901 A...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Plastic Water absorption, wt% PTFE 0.00 PE, high density <0.01 PP <0.01 PVC 0.03 PS 0.05 PC 0.15 PSU 0.22 POM 0.25 Nylon 11 0.25 Polyvinyl butyral 1.0 Nylon 6 1.3 Cellulose acetate 1.7 References 1. Allen R.C. , Polym. Eng...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Polymethyl methacrylate (acrylic) Amorphous PAR Polyarylate Amorphous LCP Liquid crystal polymer Semicrystalline MF Melamine formaldehyde Amorphous Nylon 6 Polyamide Semicrystalline Nylon 6/6 Polyamide Semicrystalline Nylon 12 Polyamide Semicrystalline PAE Polyaryl ether...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... the reaction between adipic acid, H–O–C=O–(CH 2 ) 4 –O+C–O–H, and hexamethylenediamine, NH 2 –(CH 2 ) 6 NH 2 : that produces nylon with a water molecule as a byproduct. This is repeated many times to make a long molecule. This type of reaction is called a condensation reaction because in the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... preparations, and costly time delays to obtain limited, single datapoint values. For example, the solution viscosity determination of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), according to ASTM D 1243, requires either a 1 or 4% concentration in cyclohexanone or dinitrobenzene, while polyamides, or nylons, require formic acid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... limit ( Fig. 28 ); however, the reason is not known. For those data shown in Fig. 28 , only nylon and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) do not exhibit an endurance limit. Fig. 26 Comparison of cyclic and monotonic stress-strain curves for several polymers at 25 °C (77 °F). ABS, acrylonitrile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... (some nylons) PAI Polyamide-imide PARA Polyaryl amide PB Polybutene-1 PBT (PBTP, TMT) Polybutylene terephthalate, (polyester) PC Polycarbonate PCT Poly-(1,4-cyclohexyl-enediaminemethylene terephthalate) PCTFE Polychlorotrifluoroethylene PE Polyethylene...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... 360 130 265 0.42 0.24 22 Nylon 6 65 150 75 165 0.23 0.13 25 Nylon 6/6 90 195 75 165 0.25 40 Amorphous nylon 12 140 285 65 150 0.25 70 Polyarylether (PAE) 160 320 160 320 … … 30 Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) … … 120 250 … … 45 PC 129 265...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... (PTFE), polyamide (PA) (i.e., nylons), and polyamideimide (PAI). The last resin, PAI, is originally molded as a thermoplastic, but is postcured in the final composite to produce partial thermosetting characteristics and thus improved subsequent temperature resistance. Typical properties for selected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... … –62 65 Polyamide 11 (nylon 11) 38 … 185 Polyamide 12 (nylon 12) 45 … 175 Polyamide 4/6 (nylon 4/6) 100 … 295 Polyamide 6/6 (nylon 6/6) 80 60 264 Polyamide 6/10 (nylon 6/10) 55 40 215 Polycarbonate (PC) 62 150 … Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) 72 69 265...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... “ Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers ,” D 1243-95, Plastics (I) , Vol 8.01 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing and Materials 2. “ Specification for Nylon Injection Molding and Extrusion of Materials ,” D789-98, Plastics (I) , Vol...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... in HDPE, which has low intermolecular attractive forces (van der Waals forces) between polymer chains. This value is lower for polar molecules such as nylons, which have high intermolecular attractive forces between polymer chains. In any case, it is important to note that polymeric properties are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... conservative than those determined by ASTM E 813 and more conservative than ASTM E 1737 for two rubber-toughened nylons (nylon 6/6 and an amorphous nylon). The hysteresis method requires the application of multiple load-unload cycles to successively larger displacements ( Ref 30 , 32 , 41 ), as shown in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... stretched any further. Once the fibers have been stretched, or drawn , they are strong enough for use in textiles and rope. Drawn fibers of nylon and polyesters are used for their strength. Sheets of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polycarbonate (PC), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), nylon, acrylics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... chemical technology led to an explosion in new forms of plastics. Among the earliest examples of new plastics were polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride. The real star of the plastics industry in the 1930s was polyamide, far better known by its trade name nylon. Nylon was the first purely synthetic fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... polymers, as shown for the epoxy and nylon matrices in Table 10.1 . Table 10.1 Glass-filled epoxy and nylon strength and stiffness Property Unfilled epoxy Glass-filled epoxy, 35% Unfilled nylon Glass-filled nylon, 35% Glass-filled nylon, 60% Density, g/cc 1.25 1.90 1.15 1.62...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Acetal TW 0.06 0.07 1      Nylon 6/6 Nylon 6/6 TW 0.06 0.07 1      PMMA PMMA NSp 0.80 … 2      Polyester PBT Polyester PBT TW 0.17 0.24 1      Polystyrene Polystyrene NSp 0.50 … 2      Polyethylene Polyethylene NSp 0.20 … 2      Teflon Teflon NSp 0.04...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9