1-20 of 42 Search Results for

nonoxidizing acids

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... freshwaters, and in deaerated nonoxidizing acids, and it has excellent resistance to corrosion by caustic alkalies. Therefore, nickel offers very useful corrosion resistance, and it is an excellent base on which to develop specialized alloys that can capitalize on the unique properties of specific alloying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... for very good resistance to aqueous corrosion in certain environments. The most common product is nickel 200 (N02200). It contains 99.6% Ni with small amounts of iron, copper, manganese, silicon, and carbon. It has found a wide variety of applications involving caustic soda, water, nonoxidizing acids...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... be successfully introduced. These include the following: Atmospheric corrosion, including humidity, and both natural and man-made pollutants Soil corrosion, as determined by such factors as moisture content, level of electrical conductivity, acidity level, amount of dissolved salts, and aeration...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... is restricted, as in deep crevices, corrosion can be accelerated. Breakdown of the protective oxide layer (passive layer) can occur from dry corrosive media (such as red fuming nitric acid), nonoxidizing aqueous environments as defined by a Pourbaix diagram, and pitting or crevice attack in near-neutral aqueous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
...-chromium alloys stainless steels. The usage caught on worldwide, being changed only slightly in the translation. In France, for example, it is acier inoxydable (nonoxidizing steel), and in Germany it is nichtrostende Stahl (nonrusting steel). How is stainless steel defined? Until recently...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... by hydrochloric acid and many other nonoxidizing corrosives. The ozonide formed by the reaction of ozone and natural rubber also resists further attack. However, the ozonide is a brittle, nonelastic polymer that cracks when stretched, permitting penetration by corrosives. Additive Effects As already stated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... tanks For the removal of grease, oil, or other soluble materials before removing mill scale, rust, and coatings by other methods. Alkaline cleaners saponify oils and greases, but these cleaners must be neutralized with 0.1 wt% chromic acid, sodium dichromate, or potassium dichromate SP2 Hand tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... are similar and overlap other ceramic matrix composites. A relative comparison of C-C with other ceramic matrix composites is given in Table 21.1 . For high-temperature applications, C-C composites offer exceptional thermal stability at greater than 4000 °F (2205 °C) in nonoxidizing atmospheres, along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Handbook (ASM International, 1994). The three principal types of anodizing processes are (a) chromic, in which the active agent is chromic acid; (b) sulfuric, in which the active agent is sulfuric acid; and (c) hard processes that use sulfuric acid alone or with additives. Other processes, used less...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... by a schematic plot of corrosion rate as a function of oxidizing power of the environment as shown in Fig. 1.8 . The shape and position of the curve depends on the particular metal or alloy and a number of environmental factors, such as acidity (pH), temperature, and the presence of a number of nonoxidizing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... restricted the applicability of the metals in low-temperature or nonoxidizing high-temperature environments. This article discusses the weldability and fusion weld properties of refractory metal alloys. These alloys are discussed in order of decreasing weldability: tantalum, niobium, rhenium, molybdenum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 15.1 ): (Eq 15.1) M + m H + → M m + + m 2 H 2 ( acid, pH < 7 ) (Eq 15.2) M + m H 2 O → M m + + m OH − + m 2 H 2 ( pH ≥ 7 ) Thus, the metal passes from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... at negligible rates in unpolluted air, water, and deaerated nonoxidizing acids. Examples of the corrosion resistance of copper alloys are artifacts that have been found in nearly pristine condition after having been buried in the earth for thousands of years. Copper roofing in rural atmospheres has been found...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., usually rated in continuous or alternate immersion in fresh or saltwater. For example, the highest corrosion rating (A) is listed for use of filler alloy 4043 to join 3003 alloy to 6061 alloy. In strong (99%) nitric acid (HNO 3 ) service, however, a weldment made with 4043 filler alloy would experience...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... components for handling seawater, sour mine waters, nonoxidizing acids, and industrial process fluids. The alloys’ good wear resistance makes them excellent choices for heavy-duty sleeve bearings and machine-tool ways. Because the aluminum reduces density in addition to raising strength, these bronzes have...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... by roughening of the phase of interest or by preferential staining of the phase. Established chemical etchants have certain common features. Chemical etchants usually have three main components: a corrosive agent (such as hydrochloric, sulfuric, phosphoric, or acetic acid), a modifier (such as alcohol...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... or modified 300-series austenitic grades. A good example of a high-alloy stainless steel is 20Cb-3 (N08020), which was designed for improved resistance to sulfuric acid. This alloy has been used in many applications in a wide variety of chemical and allied industry environments. The presence of niobium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.9781627082600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... G 1). Inhibited hydrochloric acid for example, is recommended for the removal of corrosion products from steel, because it dissolves any porous corrosion products without attacking the underlying steel surface to a significant degree. Specific Types of Laboratory Tests Excluding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
...), but the relationship was less clear at other test temperatures. Adapted from Vianco and Hoskin [1992 ] Fig. 3.24 Effect of formic acid vapor concentration (0.35 to 1.7%) on the pull-in alignment of flip-chip components deliberately misaligned by 30 μm (1.2 mil). Adapted from Deshmukh et al. [1993...