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nonmetallic materials

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the fundamental material- and process-related parameters of quenching on residual stress, distortion control, and cracking. It begins with a description of phase transformations during heating and quenching of steel. This is followed by a section on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... most materials are not truly homogeneous. Crystal discontinuities such as grain boundaries, twin boundaries, and minute nonmetallic inclusions deflect small amounts of ultrasonic energy out of the main ultrasonic beam. Also, especially in mixed microstructures and anisotropic materials, mode conversion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... CERAMICS ARE INORGANIC NONMETALLIC MATERIALS that consist of metallic and nonmetallic elements bonded together with either ionic and/or covalent bonds. Although ceramics can be crystalline or noncrystalline, the important engineering ceramics are all crystalline. Due to the absence of conduction electrons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... be radiographed, as can nonmetallic materials and composites. Compared with other nondestructive methods of inspection, radiography is expensive. Relatively large capital costs and space allocations are required for a radiographic laboratory or a real time inspection station. Conversely, when...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... effects of grain size on the structural properties of the material. etchants etching grain size number grinding light optical microscopy metallography microphotography mounting polishing sectioning THE METHODS AND EQUIPMENT described in this chapter cover the preparation of specimens...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alloying on processing characteristics such as hardenability, formability, weldability, machinability, and temper embrittlement. In addition, the article provides an extensive amount of engineering data with relevance in materials selection. carbon steel corrosion resistance hardenability notch...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... to 3 mm, or 0.010 to 0.125 in.), with core densities in the range of 16 to 480 kg/m 3 (1 to 30 lb/ft 3 ). Core materials include metallic and nonmetallic honeycomb core, balsa wood, open- and closed-cell foams, and syntactics. In general, the honeycomb cores are more expensive than the foam cores...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... materials and lubricants along with superplastic forming techniques. cutting lubricants sheet metal forming SHEET METAL forming processes usually employ hot or cold rolled sheet or strip material that is normally cold formed into the desired shape. Deformation is primarily by tension or...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... sandwich structure has relatively thin facing sheets of 0.010 to 0.125 in. (0.25 to 3 mm) with core densities in the range of 1 to 30 pcf (pounds per cubic foot) (16 to 480 kg/m 3 ). Core materials include metallic and nonmetallic honeycomb core, balsa wood, open and closed cell foams, and syntactics. A...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... number of manufacturing processes designed to remove unwanted material, usually in the form of chips, from a workpiece. Machining is used to convert castings, forgings, and preformed blocks of metal into desired shapes, with a specified size and surface finish. Almost every manufactured product has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... to which they are applied involve different machining conditions and different work materials. The fine-grain material is used for finish to medium-rough machining of ductile, gray, and chilled irons and of austenitic stainless steels, high-temperature alloys, and nonmetallic materials; the medium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., more important, to diffuse out of the material. Nonmetallic inclusions, which originate in the ingot, are likely to be carried over to the forgings, even though several intermediate hot working operations may be involved. Also, additional inclusions may develop in the billet or in subsequent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-group metals. Iridium, in unalloyed form, is fabricated into large crucibles that are used in the production of single crystals of yttrium-aluminum-garnet and gadolinium-gallium-garnet, which are substrates for bubble memory devices. Iridium crucibles are also used for melting nonmetallic materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... standards for determining whether the item or activity is in line with these targets. Some inspection methods are destructive; however, inspections are usually nondestructive. Nondestructive examination (NDE), or nondestructive testing (NDT), are a number of technologies used to analyze materials for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... elastomer mold is increased from 55 to 65% of theoretical, a nominal range for uncompacted powder, to 75 to 85% of theoretical. Powder cleanliness generally refers to the presence of foreign, unreducible oxides, and metallic trace impurities. It also includes the presence of foreign nonmetallic material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7