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nonmetallic linings

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract Organic coatings (paints and plastic or rubber linings), metallic coatings, and nonmetallic inorganic coatings (conversion coatings, cements, ceramics, and glasses) are used in applications requiring corrosion protection. These coatings and linings may protect substrates by three basic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... but straightforward for a number of reasons, such as complex chemical environments and stringent code requirements. The list of materials to choose from is large and continues to increase. Ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys, thermoplastics, reinforced thermosetting plastics (RTP), nonmetallic linings, glass...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys, thermoplastics, reinforced thermosetting plastics (RTPs), nonmetallic linings, glass, carbon and graphite, and catalyzed resin coatings are among the various materials available. Many materials are immediately excluded because of service conditions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... the surfaces of the thin sheets, two sheets were mounted together. The black line in the center of the image corresponds to the region where the two sheet surfaces are in contact. Etchant: nital. Source: Ref 17 Fig. 12.33 Cross section of a piece of steel annealed after the performance of a Brinell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... continuous casting hot cracking ingot casting macrosegregation microporosity nonmetallic inclusions solidification shrinkage steel Modern steelmaking and refining processes are capable of producing large masses of highly homogeneous steel, both chemically and thermally. However, these liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... as encountered in applications involving oil and gas exploration and production. This is followed by a section reviewing the methods of corrosion control, namely the proper selection of materials, protective coatings, cathodic protection systems, use of inhibitors, use of nonmetallic materials, and control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
..., there are two classes of nonmetallic inclusions: exogenous and indigenous. The former occurs as a result of pieces or particles of refractory material being separated from surfaces of the steelmaking equipment with which the molten steel has made contact (e.g., furnace linings, runners, and ladles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... It describes the effect of hot working on nonmetallic inclusions and the many properties influenced by them. It discusses the recrystallization mechanism by which hot working produces microstructural changes and explains how to control it by adjusting temperature, degree of reduction, and cooling rates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... a line that separates two fields is reached, the energy (in the case of a system at constant pressure, the Gibbs free energy, see Ref 1 , for instance) of the phases in equilibrium at this line are equal. Thus, there is no reason for any transformation to occur, as nature has no energy to gain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... the temperatures at which transformation starts on heating and cooling, as indicated in Fig. 9.1 . Fig. 9.1 Two and three-phase equilibrium lines in the metastable Fe-C equilibrium diagram. Equilibrium lines either have no subscript or have the e subscript. Transformation lines on cooling are indicated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Inclusions and chemical segregation are factors in many process-induced failures involving steel parts. Inclusions are nonmetallic compounds introduced during production; segregation is a type of chemical partitioning that occurs during solidification. This chapter discusses the origins...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... processing operation or for a future product failure. A major source of hydrogen in certain metals and alloys is the reaction of water vapor with the liquid metal at high temperatures. Water vapor may originate from the charge materials, slag ingredients and alloy additions, refractory linings, ingot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., for instance, are as much dependent on the amount and type of nonmetallic inclusions in the steel as on the level of segregation in the product. References 1. Sandor L.T. , Influência do teor de carbono na propagação de trinca por fadiga e na tenacidade à fratura em camada cementada em...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... control in a production environment. The analysis would yield quantitative information on the number, type, size, and distribution of nonmetallic inclusions in production samples as well as give a microcleanliness rating for the specimen analyzed. Some image analysis systems are programmed to give...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of the microstructure or to change the way contrast is perceived (see Fig. 8.38 in Chapter 8, “Solidification, Segregation, and Nonmetallic Inclusions,” in this book). The most common form of illumination, however, is parallel to the optical axis of the microscope. In general this type of illumination will result...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Abstract Porosity in aluminum is caused by the precipitation of hydrogen from liquid solution or by shrinkage during solidification, and more usually by a combination of these effects. Nonmetallic inclusions entrained before solidification influence porosity formation and mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... is finished, the surface should be cleaned carefully again with a piece of clean cloth or cotton ball. At this point of the preparation, some important features can be observed: porosity, bubbles, pipe, large nonmetallic inclusions, and some weld defects are already evident without etching. Another...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... generally runs from the surface toward the center of the mass in a relatively straight line, with either a longitudinal or radial orientation unless located by a change in section size. The crack is also likely to open or spread and may exhibit a shear lip. Shear lips are ledges on the side of the specimen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., violently rimmed ingot (No. 8). The horizontal dotted line indicates the height to which the steel originally was poured in each ingot mold. When no deoxidizing agents are added in the furnace, the resulting steel is referred to as “rimmed steel.” Rimmed steels are characterized by marked differences...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., and Nonmetallic Inclusions,” in this book). The main requirements placed on structural steels are (see also Ref 1 ): High yield strength: most modern design codes and standards are built around the use of yield strength as the basic property for design considering static loads. The “classical” concept...