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nitriding sensors

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... the processes involved in controlling temperature, gas dissociation, oxygen probes, and nitriding sensors. ammonia control systems design criteria furnace equipment nitriding nitriding sensors THE NITRIDING FURNACE is simple in design. Other than the materials used, little has changed in furnace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... controlling not only the solubility limit of nitrogen in iron, but also the solubility limit of carbon in austenite. Control of the gas activities has eluded scientists and metallurgists in the field of pulsed plasma ion nitriding. Using sensors to measure gas dissociation during gas nitriding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... an action, and they have become nearly ubiquitous, finding applications in smartphones, cars, health care devices, printers, and much more. The top applications for MEMS technologies are microphones, RF switches, pressure sensors, inertial sensors (accelerometers and gyros), and inkjet heads [1] . Although...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... signals from internal or external data- or radiotransmission may interfere with circuit functions. Electrostatic charging/ESD due to spraying of oil/fuel/air within the engine, fuel injection or transmission – hurting especially Hall sensor devices mounted within these units. But how far do...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
.... This chapter describes the applications, properties, and behaviors of some of the more widely used structural ceramics, including alumina, aluminum titanate, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, zirconia, zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA), magnesia-partially stabilized zirconia (Mg-PSZ), and yttria-tetragonal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... A rapidly shifting flux density produces a change in the voltage generated. A high permeability produces a higher voltage. The primary example is the sensor rings of an antilock brake system in automobiles. Selection of a soft magnetic material in a given application is based on a number of factors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... resistance. Vacuum sintering gives the best corrosion resistance. Vacuum sintering gives poor corrosion resistance because of chromium losses. Sintering in dissociated ammonia gives poor corrosion resistance because of the formation of chromium nitrides. Good corrosion resistance cannot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... combines with carbon present in the matrix, thus preventing formation of chromium carbide. Sintering in a nitrogen-bearing atmosphere is entirely unacceptable, because it will lead to the formation of excessive amounts of niobium and chromium nitrides. The PM versions of 409L and 409LE stainless steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...-velocity droplets that spheroidize prior to solidi cation. cermet. Also a solid composite such as cemented carbides where the predominant hard phase is generally not tungsten carbide. The hard phase is another refractory compound, carbide, oxide, boride, nitride, or mixture dispersed in a softer matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... are added to the powder-binder formulation. The fibers are selected to add strength after sintering. Demonstrations of aligned-fiber composites include matrix phases of alumina, silicon nitride, stainless steel, and intermetallic compounds. Two images in Fig. 11.2 illustrate alignment. Figure 11.2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... utilizing induction. In these instances the sensing element is enclosed in a protective sheath. Sheaths are usually made of a corrosion-resistant ceramic such as fused silica, magnesite, zircon-chromia, silicon nitride, or boron nitride. Of all the materials used to the present, boron nitride appears...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.edfatr.t56090109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-462-8
... Preparation Sample preparation is facing challenges such as: Removing top dies and packaging in 3D packages Integrated circuit (IC) decapsulation Precision die ultra-thinning–fault isolation (FI) sample preparation Silicon die delayering Removing optical elements from image sensors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., graphite, diamond, diamondlike carbon, and ceramics) Physical vapor deposition (metals, ceramics, or solid lubricants) Thermoreactive deposition/diffusion process (carbides, nitrides, or carbonitrides) An overall comparison of various surface engineering processes Table 1 An overall...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., or shrinkage cavities Evaluation of the presence, depth, and homogeneity of surface heat treatments or thermochemical treatments (carburizing, nitriding, etc.) Evaluation of hardening depth Investigation of the manufacturing process of tubes and pipes (seamless, welded, and, in this case, welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... are controlled at the refining stage of the production process; in PM, they are controlled during powder manufacture and sintering. Excessive amounts of carbon and nitrogen can give rise to the formation of chromium carbides and chromium nitride, with negative effects on corrosion resistance. These precipitates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... semiconductor devices. Scanning Probe Microscopy Overview In its basic configuration ( Fig. 1 ), a typical SPM is comprised of the following elements: Stage - area onto which a sample is affixed. Probe (also known as cantilever or tip) - sensor which interacts with surface properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... heating, methods such as furnace hardening, flame hardening, and liquid nitriding were used. However, each of these processes presented problems, such as inadequate or nonuniform hardening and distortion. Induction hardening overcomes many of these problems. Through proper selection of frequency, power...