1-20 of 167 Search Results for

nickel-chromium white irons

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Typical effects of alloying elements on depth of chill Carbon Silicon Manganese and Sulfur Phosphorus Chromium Nickel Copper Molybdenum Vanadium Effects of Inoculants ASTM specification A 532 covers the composition and hardness of white iron grades used for abrasion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... irons, which can also be classified as either white or graphitic irons ( Fig. 10.27 ). In gray and ductile irons, small amounts of alloying elements such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel are used primarily to achieve high strength or to ensure the attainment of a specified minimum strength in heavy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... in unalloyed white iron are: The silicon content is lower in white iron to minimize its graphitizing effect. White irons are extremely hard and abrasion resistant. To enhance their abrasion resistance, they are usually alloyed with nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum. ASTM specification A 532 covers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... their compositional ranges, distinguishing features, advantages, limitations, and applications. cast iron cooling rate graphite formation cementite formation silicon aluminum nickel cobalt copper sulfur vanadium chromium tin molybdenum manganese microstructure white cast iron gray cast iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... The sand slinger is invented by E.O. Beardsley and W.F. Piper of Oregon Works. 1912 : Eduard Maurer and Benno Strauss at Krupp Works in Essen, Germany, discover that some iron-chromium alloys with approximately 20% chromium and 8% nickel are impervious to attack after months of exposure to acid fumes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... . Small amounts of chromium (0.01 to 0.03%), boron (0.0020%), copper (~1.0%), nickel (0.5 to 0.8%), and molybdenum (0.35 to 0.5%) are also sometimes present. Table 2 summarizes the effects of various elements on the microstructural characteristics of malleable iron. Typical compositions for malleable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... cast iron technology. The iron-chromium alloys that are widely used in hardfacing are based on white iron foundry technology. At some point in the history of cast iron, adding chromium to white iron was found to lead to castings with a microstructure of extremely hard iron carbides. Clever people...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...%, and phosphorus is usually within the range of 0.02 to 0.90%. Alloying elements such as nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, tin, and copper—singly or in combination—may be added to develop specific properties, much the same as for steels. The ductility of gray irons in the as-cast condition is very low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... the transformation to pearlite, because they must diffuse to either the growing cementite or ferrite platelets. Neither nickel nor silicon form carbides in steel and, therefore, segregate to the ferrite. Manganese, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten are carbide formers, so they segregate to the cementite. In both...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... reaction as a function of chromium and molybdenum content in a stainless steel containing 11.9% Ni. Source: Ref 6.10 as published in Ref 6.4 Iron-base alloys often consist of carbon with some other elements. Both chromium and nickel are substitutional alloying elements, while carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... they are added, and how they affect various properties, behaviors, and processing characteristics. It explains how silicon, chromium, and nickel, in particular, improve high-temperature, corrosion, and wear performance. annealing corrosion resistance gray iron hardenability normalizing stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... and accumulates at the scale/steel interface. Many times, the copper will alloy with other noble elements, such as nickel, tin, arsenic, and antimony. All these elements are impurities in the steel (although in some steels, nickel may be added as an alloying element). The liquid alloy has a tendency to penetrate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... steels, tungsten carbide/cobalt materials, and alloys of titanium, nickel, cobalt, aluminum, and chromium, although applications are restricted to temperatures below 250 °C (480 °F) for steels and 450 °C (840 °F) for carbides. Advantages and limitations of the ion implantation process are outlined...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... metal that produces a fully austenitic deposit, and the second was to solution anneal at 1065 °C (1950 °F) after welding to dissolve most of the ferrite. It would also help to select stainless steel base metal by composition (e.g., high nickel, low chromium content) to minimize the production of ferrite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... gradual etching can be obtained with less concentrated solutions (10–20%) Suitable for etching steels containing chromium and nickel Mixed acids in ethyl alcohol 2.5 g FeCl 3 , 5 g picric acid, 2 mL HCl, 90 mL ethyl alcohol Etching time, 15 s for austenitic cast irons to 1 h or more for high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... (Sm) 7.9–21 4.4–12 Pure Erbium (Er) 13–16 7.0–9.0 Nickel chromium silicon gray cast iron 14 7.8 Tungsten alloys 14–15 7.7–8.4 Beryllium alloys 12–18 6.7–10 Manganese alloy steel 10–20 5.6–11 Iron alloys 9.7–19 5.4–11 Proprietary alloy steel 15 8.5 White cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... 4.50–5.50 5.50–6.75 1.75–2.20 … Source: Ref 1 22.4.1 Chromium Hot Work Steels 22.4.2 Tungsten Hot Work Steels 22.4.3 Molybdenum Hot Work Steels Low-alloy special-purpose steels, also called group L steels, contain small amounts of chromium, vanadium, nickel, and molybdenum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., Malleable, and White Cast Irons Low and Moderately Alloyed Irons High-Nickel Austenitic Cast Irons High-Chromium Cast Irons High-Silicon Cast Irons Corrosive Service Protection of Steel from Corrosion Characteristics of the Protective Oxide Film Advantages and Limitations Carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... are stabilized by alloying additions. Alloying elements include chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, cobalt, and tungsten. Fig. 13.5 General stress-rupture behavior of superalloys Nickel Superalloys Cobalt Superalloys This family has five members: niobium (also referred to as columbium), tantalum...