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nickel-chromium alloy steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses the evolution of engineering alloy steels, namely chromium, nickel, and nickel-chromium alloy steels. The discussion includes the automotive demand and development of specifications for the alloy steels. It also covers various research on heat treatment of alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Morris Johnson ( Fig. 2 ) of the Crucible Steel Company began investigating chromium-nickel-silicon steels, which were later patented under the name Rezistal. U.S. Patents 1,420,707 and 1,420,708 were issued in June 1922. Johnson first described these alloys in a paper at the 1920 Philadelphia convention...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the austenitic and duplex grades further with chromium, molybdenum, and nitrogen, and the ferritic grades with chromium and molybdenum. The beneficial effects of these alloying elements are complex and interactive. Attempts have been made by suppliers of stainless steels and nickel-base alloys to develop...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... of stainless steel. This chapter provides information on the papers presented at the 1924 symposium. It also describes the role of ASTM in stainless steel standardization after the 1924 symposium. Continuing Role of ASTM History and Patents An Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloy Data on Stainless Steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... experiments and writing papers about alloys of iron and varying amounts of chromium, nickel, and carbon. It was generally noticed that alloys with more chromium were somewhat more resistant to corrosion in many environments than carbon steel, but not a single person had experimented with an alloy having...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...—conventional buggy components—served as wheels. Bracing was hard-drawn steel wire (cold working increases strength); the crankshaft was made of a forged nickel-chromium alloy steel (forging also increases strength); and engine materials included a cast aluminum alloy (to save weight and as an alternative...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
.... The key ingredient and alloys covered include iron-chromium alloys, acid- and weather-resistant alloy, ferrochromium, martensitic stainless steel, chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels, and ferritic chromium stainless steel. Information on the early discoverers and pioneers of stainless steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
.... The addition of chromium or nickel in regular heat treated alloy steels was done in France during the 1880s and 1890s, and chromium combined with nickel was being produced in Germany in the 1890s. The alloy additions were in the 2 to 5% range, and carbon was needed to heat treat these steels to higher...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...% Cr are also considered stainless steels. Other alloying elements that are highly essential in specific grades of stainless steel include nickel, molybdenum, silicon, carbon, manganese, sulfur, titanium, and niobium. Fig. 2.1 Corrosion rates of iron-chromium alloys in intermittent water spray...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
...Example of the Plummer classification system for alloys with 16 to 23% chromium, 7 to 11% nickel, and 0.13 to 0.20% carbon Table 3 Example of the Plummer classification system for alloys with 16 to 23% chromium, 7 to 11% nickel, and 0.13 to 0.20% carbon Code Trade name Company 100...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... is maintained by ASTM Subcommittee A01.18 on Steel Castings. In the 1960s, ASTM Committee A-10 on Iron-Chromium, Iron-Chromium-Nickel, and Related Alloys introduced a series of 34 “XM” (XM-1 through XM-34) numbers to designate certain proprietary stainless steel alloys. This scheme was adopted so...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... simultaneously. Stainless steel is an exceptional alloy system in that it is not a dilute solution. Alloy steels may contain several percent of alloying elements, such as carbon, manganese, nickel, molybdenum, chromium, and silicon, in addition to the impurities sulfur, oxygen, and phosphorus. Alloy steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... also publishes work including nickel at present-day percentages. 1905 First Book on Stainless Steel Published Stainless Steel is authored by Léon Guillet in Dunod, Paris. It has 132 pages. 1906 Guillet Studies Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloys Léon Guillet publishes a detailed study...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... httpsdoi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200295 Introduction Alloy Compositions Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum Nickel-Copper Nickel-Molybdenum Individual Alloys Heat Treatment Mechanical Properties Welding Applications Copyright © 1995 Steel Founders' Society of America and ASM International® All rights reserved. www...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... ) Low-alloy duplex grades have PRENs of <32, intermediate alloy grades have PRENs between 32 and 39. Superduplex grades have PRENs ≥40. Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels The precipitation-hardening stainless steels are chromium-nickel grades that can be hardened by an aging treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...% A steel is also classified as an alloy steel when a difinite range or a definite minimum quantity of any of the following elements is specified or required within recognized limits: Aluminum Boron Chromium (up to 3.99%) Cobalt Molybdenum Nickel Niobium Titanium Tungsten...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... over the ferritic alloys from the presence of nickel. For a given chromium level, oxidation rates decrease with increasing nickel content. Figures 14 , 15 , and 16 display this relationship. The optimal range for the iron base stainless steels, shown in Fig. 14 , is reached by the commercial alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.9781627083560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of number of alloys and usage. The addition of nickel, which is a strong austenite stabilizer, overcomes the ferrite-stabilizing effect of chromium ( Fig. 23.7 ), and all of these steels have the fcc structure. Since there is no phase change on cooling, they cannot be hardened by heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... are shown in Tables 22-3 and 22-4 . The standard grades, which are recognized by ASTM specifications, fall in a range from 0 to 68% nickel with 8 to 32% chromium and the balance primarily iron plus up to 2.5% silicon and 2% manganese. Proprietary alloys and others, which are now in the public domain...