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neutron diffraction

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... coatings. The techniques covered are optical microscopy, X-Ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam machining, electron probe microanalysis, transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscattered diffraction. The techniques also include electron channeling contrast imaging, X...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... diffraction, and neutron diffraction. These techniques provide information on the chemical composition of the material, microstructure and phase analysis, and also the surface characteristics. From a failure investigation point of view, the characterization of boiler tubes entails the determination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... powerful tool for the determination of phase diagrams is diffraction. Initially this was XRD, but during the past century electron and neutron diffraction have been developed. Each of the three has its own advantages and limitations. X-ray diffraction is the least costly and can be used in a variety of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... crystal lattice spacings, and thus, diffraction plays a role here, with interactions occurring between incoming and scattered neutron-wave fronts due to coherent scattering. For beryllium, a pronounced backward scattering occurs for neutrons having an energy of 0.00525 eV and a wavelength of 3.96 Å, which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... modeling of stresses in the cladding. Keiser et al. ( Ref 20 ) summarized the results of both residual stress measurements and finite element modeling of the 304L/SA210 coextruded composite tubes. Residual stress measurements using x-ray and neutron diffraction showed compressive axial and tangential...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... purposes. X-ray and sometimes neutron diffraction are used on induction heat treated parts for the determination of residual stresses, as discussed in Chapter 5, “Heat Treating Basics,” in this book. X-ray inspection can also be used for the determination of internal flaws, such as voids and cracks, but...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... microstructure, and for measuring the thickness of nonconductive coatings. The method is limited to conducting materials. Radiography using x-rays, γ-rays, and neutrons uses penetrating electromagnetic radiation or particle radiation. Internal flaws are detected by the difference in absorption of the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.9781627082983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... distance between the fundamental reflection and the secondary maxima is inversely related to the wavelength of the composition waves in the solid. The kinetics of a spinodal reaction can be quantitatively studied using small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering, by monitoring the change in intensity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., featuring high melting points, with excellent oxidation resistance and good mechanical strength at very high temperatures. Beryllium metal has long been regarded by the nuclear fusion community as the reference material for the neutron multiplier in fusion blanket designs. Starting in the late 1990s and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing the radiation emitted and/or reflected from the surface. Other techniques use other interactions, such as physical probing of the surface. Analyzing the chemistry and topography of failure surfaces is an important part of failure analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... size can cause errors in interpretation. Experienced operators are required to properly interpret the results of testing. Effects of grain size, porosity, and inclusions can also hinder interpretation. Radiography, using x-rays, neutrons, or gamma rays, is also often used to examine structures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.9781627082693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3