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multiphase pipelines

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter examines methods of internal corrosion prediction for multiphase pipelines and details methodologies to perform internal corrosion direct assessment for natural gas pipelines. Further, real-time monitoring techniques for assessing actual corrosion at critical locations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... concentrates on those aspects of corrosion that tend to be unique to corrosion as encountered in applications involving oil and gas exploration and production, namely extracting oil and gas from underground reservoirs and sending these products through a gathering system of pipelines to processing facilities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to the complexities of the multiphase system ( Ref 3 ). Catalytic and Thermal Cracking Units Catalytic and thermal cracking units such as fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCU) and delayed coking units typically require corrosion-inhibition applications. In these units, considerable amounts of hydrocarbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... be nucleated, grow to a stable size, and be transported downstream with the flow. When they reach a higher-pressure region, they become unstable and collapse, usually violently. This form of cavitation commonly occurs in hydrofoils, pipelines, hydraulic pumps, and valves. The pressures produced by the collapse...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... of a process. Localized corrosion cannot be guaranteed to initiate before the coupons are removed—even with extended test durations. Corrosion rate calculated from coupons may not reflect the corrosion of the plant equipment because of factors such as multiphase flow, where the aqueous phase is much more...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... mechanism, resulting from exposures of 50 years or more. Pipelines made of cast iron, especially those buried in clay-based soils and soils containing sulfates, are susceptible. In cases where graphitic corrosion has caused extensive wall loss, a reduction in component strength will occur. Thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... to protect steel pipelines from corrosion. The anodes must be replaced periodically, because they are sacrificed to protect the steel. Magnesium anodes are also used within glass-lined water heaters to help retard corrosion of the steel shell if the glass lining is cracked. Replaceable zinc anodes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... The result is that the literature is cluttered with many names for the same phenomenon. Fig. 7 Stepwise cracking of a low-strength pipeline steel exposed to H 2 S. 6× Fracture of low-strength steels in hydrogen environments may be characterized by ductile dimple rupture, tearing, cleavage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... steels have been developed over many years, but a great impetus for their use and further development came with their application in the Alyeska Pipeline in Alaska in 1969 and 1970 ( Ref 12.30 ). That project used large tonnages of HSLA steel plate that not only had higher strength than conventionally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.9781627082655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... alloys (brasses), resulting in localized regions of copper on the surface. Multiphase alloys: Multiphase alloys inherently contain dispersions of phases of differing composition, and these dispersions may be uniform or nonuniform depending on the processing of the alloy. Some phases tend...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.9781627082860
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.9781627083485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5