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molten salt corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 0.122 (4.8) 230 0.140 (5.5) S 0.168 (6.6) RA330 0.191 (7.5) 600 0.196 (7.7) A fresh salt bath was used for each test run; air was used for the cover gas. (a) Mainly intergranular attack; no metal wastage. Source: Ref 7 and 8 Results of corrosion tests in molten eutectic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and metal dusting Corrosion by halogen and hydrogen halides Sulfidation Hot corrosion Molten salt corrosion Liquid metal corrosion and embrittlement Erosion and erosion/corrosion Stress-assisted corrosion and cracking Hydrogen attack Coal-fired boilers Oil-fired boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...) 140 (5.5) 160 (6.3) 55 (2.2) Source: Ref 28 Corrosion rates after testing for 190 h in N<sub>2</sub>-3.6O<sub>2</sub>-14CO<sub>2</sub>-0.25SO<sub>2</sub> containing ZnCl<sub>2</sub> vapor, which condensed onto the test specimens as molten ZnCl<sub>2</sub> at a rate of 0.07 mg...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.9781627083041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... 10.72 Smyrl W.H. and Blackburn M.J. , Stress Corrosion Cracking in Molten Salts , Proceedings of an International Symposium on Stress Corrosion Mechanisms in Titanium Alloys , Jan 27–29 , 1971 , cosponsored by Georgia Institute of Technology and National Association of Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... of the protective oxide layer, which is not only removed but prevented from being regenerated. Some early deposit-modified corrosion processes were witnessed in the power turbine industry when the element vanadium in fuel was oxidized. V 2 O 5 and vanadates, formed by reaction between salts and V 2 O 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... and additional acid solutions further minimize these base-metal attacks. Table 11.2 gives conditions for corrosion of titanium in various sulfuric acid pickle baths. Pickling solutions for cleaning can be weaker than descaling solutions. Molten salt descaling baths are primarily used for descaling bar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... is sufficiently high, sulfide phases, instead of oxide phases, can be formed. The mechanisms of sulfide formation in gaseous environments and beneath molten-salt deposits have been determined in recent years. In the majority of environments encountered in practice by oxidation-resistant alloys, Al 2 O 3 or Cr 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... are cooled with water, a layer of the frozen (or solidified) smelt is formed on the tube surface, thus preventing rapid corrosion of tube metal by the molten salts. With studded carbon steel tubes, a thicker frozen layer is formed ( Ref 10 ). The frozen smelt is not corrosive as long as it remains solid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Quenching Systems Furnace Atmospheres Batch-Type Furnaces Continuous Furnaces Roller-Hearth Continuous Furnaces Belt-Type Continuous Furnaces Pusher-Type Continuous Furnaces Rotary-Hearth Continuous Furnaces Conduction Convection Radiation Molten Salt Baths Types of Salt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... in the United States in conjunction with the development of a molten salt reactor for atomic energy purposes. In their study of potential systems, Thoma et al. [1960] observed the compounds NaF-BeF 2 -ThF 4 and NaF-BeF 2 -UF 4 . In the NaF-LiF-BeF 2 system, the compounds NaLiBe 3 F 8 , Na 5 LiBe 3 F 12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of assemblies can prevent galvanic corrosion. Because chloride solutions are particularly corrosive to magnesium and magnesium alloys, the following discussion will address the effects of various alloying/residual elements on salt water/salt spray corrosion performance. More detailed information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Alloys , Corrosion , Vol 13 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 770 – 783 30. Stern K.H. , Electrodeposition of Refractory Metals from Molten Salts , Metallurgical and Ceramic Protective Coatings , Stern K. , Ed., Chapman and Hall , London , 1996 , p 9 10.1007...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... ppm Na, 15 ppm Mg, 4.8 ppm Ca, 4.1 ppm K, and 225 ppm Cl, air-to-fuel ratio was 50 : 1, and 100 h cycle. Source: Ref 19 Results of burner rig hot corrosion tests at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 200 h with 50 ppm sea salt with specimens being cycled once every hour Table 9.4 Results of burner rig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... compounds involving V 2 O 5 -Na 2 O and/or V 2 O 5 -Na 2 SO 4 systems. Molten vanadate compounds flux away the oxide scales formed on the metal, thus causing rapid corrosion attack. The corrosion mechanism is essentially hot corrosion involving a fused salt in an oxidizing environment. The hot corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... salt stress corrosion and accelerated crack propagation in aqueous solutions). These phenomena are described further in Chapter 14, “Corrosion,” in this book. The high binding forces between titanium atoms result in a very high melting point and a low thermal expansion. Its thermal conductivity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Molten Salt Bath Cleaning Ultrasonic Cleaning Substrate Considerations The objective of all high-precision abrasive finishing methods is to achieve geometrically precise components or surfaces of controlled texture or surface finish. Honing Superfinishing Polishing and buffing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... to be essentially iron oxides. Source: Ref 40 Fig. 10.61 Tube wastage as a function of tube metal temperature after 125,000 h, with low wastage rate by oxidation and accelerated wastage rates by molten salt corrosion. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 10.62 Melting point curve for the K 3 Fe (SO 4 ) 3 -Na...